A chroot on Unix operating systems is an operation that changes the apparent root directory for the current running process and its children. A program that is run in such a modified environment cannot name (and therefore normally not access) files outside the designated directory tree.

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Why does chroot get ENOENT on an existing file?

;TL-DR - Answer: because the dynamic linker ld-linux-x86-64.so.2 was missing. I have mounted a squashfs (shouldn't matter) filesystem -ro,loop at /mnt/foo. It contains among other things the ...
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4k views

Chroot in to reinstall Grub2 reinstall, mnt/ is empty

I have a common problem: I installed Fedora 18 on my PC that has Windows on it. When I start the PC I don't get asked which system I want to boot, Windows is chosen always. So I found out that I ...
3
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1answer
410 views

suexec with chrooted environment

I'm trying to get a chrooted Apache environment working running mod_fcgid with suexec. Looking at suexec log inside jail, the wrapper scripts are being executed with no problems, however, when I look ...
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1answer
21 views

ARM cross compilation package not found

I'm trying for arm cross compilation on my i386 machine using sysroot and chroot.I want to set environment variables like PKG_CONFIG_PATH to sysroot.Right now my code is not compiling because it is ...
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1answer
278 views

How do I run chromium inside a chroot?

Okay, I can run Iceweasel 17 ESR fine and some simple X apps like xkill, so I know that it's not merely an X display problem. However any version of Chromium and Iceweasel 24 fail with the following ...
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74 views

How to build gcc inside a Debian chroot?

I used debootstrap to set up a minimal Debian system (x86): debootstrap wheezy /var/chroot http://ftp.debian.org/debian/ Then I entered the chroot and installed some packages: apt-get install ...
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2answers
35 views

chroot jail that can access the filesystem

chroot jails seem to be simply a different world, with no interaction with the actual filesystem. Thus, the entire environment has to be replicated inside the chroot, which would mean making a full ...
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0answers
273 views

How do I run Gnome from a systemd-nspawn container in a second X server?

I'm using systemd-nspawn to "boot" a second Linux OS from a USB hard disk. I'd like to launch that OS's Gnome Desktop in a second X server running on the same machine on a different tty than the ...
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107 views

Unable to view mounted directories in a chroot [closed]

Here is a quick description of what I have done: I have a chrooted user (username: clientdev) which I have jailed inside their home directory. This chroot directory is /home/clientdev/ which is ...
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1answer
334 views

Simulate chroot with unshare

I am trying to write a bootstrapper for a minimal, from-source linux distribution. I would like to build in a chroot-like environment. This should simplify packaging. I do not care about security at ...
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196 views

Running (X) Xfce4 in Debian chroot

I was trying to start Xfce4 in a chroot. The problem is that Xfce4 starts, shows default the UI but the USB keyboard and mouse are not working. My chroot script: #!/bin/bash mount --bind /dev ...
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620 views

Any better alternative to chroot on an OpenVZ VPS?

Are there any better alternative to chroot environment? I'm thinking about running nginx on a jailed environment. BTW, I'm on OpenVZ VPS, so modifying the Kernel is a no-no. (I think that prevents ...
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1answer
14 views

where does Cron look for the default mail binary?

I have setup Cron Jobs to run inside a Chroot Environment, depending on the User/Group; I have noticed that these cron jobs, running inside the chroot environment, fail to send any mail. Log files ...
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1answer
650 views

Apache + mod_fcgid + chroot with mod_security. CentOS/RHEL 6

I am trying to setup a web server running Apache + mod_fcgid + mod_security chroot enabled and having a real hard time to get this working. Apache was installed from official CentOS repo and mod_fcgid ...
2
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1answer
51 views

How do I limit local user file system access? What is the best method?

I have a Linux installation with a default user and an admin user (and root). On startup, the default user is automatically logged in and a particular application is launched. My intention is to ...
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2answers
27 views

How to create an environment for libraries and binaries?

I have a tool that cannot be run under my Desktop Linux. So I'd like to make a folder that contains all its requirements, and run it in the folder. Virtual machine or container is not a solution here ...
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1answer
48 views

Can I use a shell or python script to execute commands in a chroot?

I need: to make a shellscript which can chroot into a linux environment and run a command there. I am using: arch-chroot (on the arch linux livecd)
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11k views

Getting “Not found” message when running a 32-bit binary on a 64-bit system

I have currently a strange problem on debian (wheezy/amd64). I have created a chroot to install a server (i can't give any more detail about it, sorry). Let's call its path /chr_path/. To make things ...
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How can I chroot into a filesystem with a different architechture?

I'm trying to chroot into a Arch Linux ARM filesystem from x86_64. I've seen that it's possible to do using static qemu by copying the binary into the chroot system: $ cp /usr/bin/qemu-arm ...
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1answer
66 views

Backtrace of “git clone” running inside qemu-user-emulation based arm-chroot

I'm running a wheezy:armhf chroot using qemu user emulation on my jessie:x86_64 system. Somehow, a git clone on a particular private repository will hang inside the chroot, while succeed natively. ...
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2answers
30k views

How to create a FTP user with specific /dir/ access only on a Centos / linux installation

So I'm on a VPS - CentOS Linux installation. I have vsFTPd on the server. I currently have SFTP access to the server via my root user, but am now trying to create a new user with FTP access to a ...
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2answers
77 views

replicate and isolating user environments on the fly

I will be using Ubuntu Linux for this project. For training of a particular application at a conference I need: To have each student be able to ssh into the same user account on a server Upon each ...
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3answers
373 views

TERM variable in chroot

I've created a chroot with the help of jailkit and now I'm trying to install some other libraries and tools. First I tried to install clear library. I've copied the file from the /bin folder and ...
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3k views

chroot: failed to run command ‘/bin/bash’: No such file or directory [duplicate]

When I run the chroot command an error is given: failed to run command ‘/bin/bash’: No such file or directory
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2answers
910 views

Chroot SFTP users who require access to multiple directories under same parent folder

I have a RHEL 6 server with a /Documents directory, and it has child directories 1 2 3 4 5.... right under the /Documents directory. Is it possible to create an SFTP chroot jail that only gives a ...
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30 views

How to correct error where 2 out of 3 users on chrooted network cannot gain write access?

I have an SFTP server running on Debian. The directory is chrooted and is set up with privileges as such: /sftp/+---testagent2----writespace 750 | 755 755 ...
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59 views

Different fakechroot behavior on Fedora and Ubuntu

Consider the following directory tree (mychroot): mychroot/ ├── proc │   └── cpuinfo └── usr └── bin └── ls On Fedora 20: $ fakechroot chroot ./mychroot/ /usr/bin/ls proc cpuinfo ...
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1answer
176 views

CHROOT: Unable to copy files to jailed users directory from local machine using WINSCP

I've setup a chroot environment for one of my users called client on my system. I'm using WINSCP to connect to my server from my machine using public key authentication. Everything works fine, I can ...
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1answer
46 views

Seperate messages of multiple sshds in syslog-ng

Is there a common way of distinguishing between the messages of multiple processes in syslog-ng beside setting different facilities? +1 if filtering and therefore logging in different files would be ...
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1answer
557 views

How can I chroot into a live filesystem.squashfs Linux distribution?

I would like to chroot into a Live USB Linux distro, if such thing is possible. I don't know if there is a generic method, so I will detail my specific test. I am testing Kali Linux v1.0.5 Live USB ...
6
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3answers
395 views

Why are web servers traditionally started as superuser?

Thinking about a future web server setup, it struck me that for some reason web servers usually start as root and then drop certain rights (setuid) for the worker processes. In addition there is often ...
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1answer
240 views

Create ssh user which can only access home directory [duplicate]

I read documentation on the internet on how to create a new user with SSH access. I figured it out and to create a user is quite simple. The next step I want to take is to jail this ssh server to the ...
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2answers
106 views

Denying “/opt/” access for SFTP Users other than particular dir

This is my first (newbie) post here in unix stackexchange. I want to use my WebServer (Debian) as SFTPServer giving access to particular employees. The dir structure is as follows under root: ...
2
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1answer
60 views

Unable to connect after ChrootDirectory within sshd_config

After adding the following to my sshd_config file... Match user myuser ChrootDirectory /var/www/html X11Forwarding no AllowTcpForwarding no ForceCommand internal-sftp I am unable to ...
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1answer
206 views

Run Java in a chrooted jail

I'm on a CentOS 6.5 machine with Plesk Panel which I used to create a chrooted environment for a user who can access it via ssh. I'm not a big expert but somehow I managed to let him use some basic ...
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1answer
85 views

Correlation between CHROOT and Crouton - -

I am trying to understand what purpose/function of CHROOT and how using it with Crouton will allow you to use certain Linux distros and libs. Does CHROOT essentially create some kind of a ...
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2answers
41 views

Automated test for install script

I'm writing an install script for an appliance that modifies system config files under /etc (amongst other things). How can I test this script non-destructively? Ideally I would like to run the ...
2
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1answer
495 views

How to properly use Gentoo Linux as a supplement to an existing distribution?

While I originally wanted to entirely replace the Linux distribution my NAS uses, I meanwhile came to the conclusion that it would be better to leave the existing system as unmodified as possible and ...
2
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1answer
140 views

How to copy a debootstrap (chroot) directory to another computer?

I created an installation of Debian in a subdirectory using debootstrap on computer A. Now I would like to transfer this installation to computer B which has a local connection but no global internet ...
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3answers
623 views

Allow User To Access Other User's Home Directory

I have a Fedora server. I would create an SFTP user account which is allowed to access other user's home dir. Is it possible? For example user1 -> /home/user1 user2 -> /home/user1 user2 can ...
8
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1answer
3k views

How can I access a directory outside a chroot from within it?

I have a user which is chrooted to her home directory, but I want her to also be able to manage files within /var/www. As such, I did the following: root@server:/home/username# ln -s /var/www www ...
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3answers
248 views

HowTo Chroot to BSD

I recently tried FreeBSD [9.2]. I installed it but as i found out it doesn't install any bootloader by default. So now i want to find out HOW it is possible to chroot to the installed BSD via a ...
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2answers
404 views

Pivot root between two Linux installations

I have two Linux distributions installed (Debian and Ubuntu). Each with its own usr, swap, and whatever. Both are completely independent, each in its partition. According to the man pages, I could ...
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1answer
193 views

Boot into a chroot?

I have Linux (Debian Jessie) installed on a hard drive. Drive - sda1, ext4fs, and sda2 - swap I have a /chroot folder. There is installed another system, in /chroot folder. Question: How to tell ...
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1answer
45 views

Sandbox alike solution for linux

I wonder if there is a kind of a sandboxing solution for linux, sometimes there is more than one app that is candidate to solve my problems, in that case I want to try all of them to get the one which ...
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1answer
113 views

vsftpd does not allow chrooted users write to directory

I installed vsftpd on ubuntu 12.04 and chrooted local users, in order not to let them see the other parts of system. but when a local user wants to login into ftp it gives out this error: 500 OOPS: ...
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4k views

What to use to harden Linux box? Apparmor, SELinux, grsecurity, SMACK, chroot?

I am planning to go back to Linux as a Desktop machine. I would like to make it more secure. And try a few hardening techniques, especially since I plan to get my own server. What would be a good, ...
2
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1answer
94 views

SFTP chroot jail/access based on wildcard

I want to give a list of people SFTP access to /webdocs/ABC* where they will read-write access to only directories that match this wildcard. How do I do this? Can I create a chroot jaill or some ...
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1answer
217 views

Implement ProFTPd server without chroot

Can I use ProFTPd without using a chroot jail (thereby preventing access to anything outside of the FTP root)? I have a requirement to have symlinks in my FTP source that point to locations outside of ...
5
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1answer
348 views

Why is it possible to leave CHROOT with this sftp config?

I'm trying to create the user lenny, that has read and write permissions in the folder /home/lenny/ and has no shell but only access via SFTP. I'm doing the following: useradd lenny mkdir /home/lenny ...