A chroot on Unix operating systems is an operation that changes the apparent root directory for the current running process and its children. A program that is run in such a modified environment cannot name (and therefore normally not access) files outside the designated directory tree.

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454 views

Why are web servers traditionally started as superuser?

Thinking about a future web server setup, it struck me that for some reason web servers usually start as root and then drop certain rights (setuid) for the worker processes. In addition there is often ...
2
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1answer
1k views

Create ssh user which can only access home directory [duplicate]

I read documentation on the internet on how to create a new user with SSH access. I figured it out and to create a user is quite simple. The next step I want to take is to jail this ssh server to the ...
3
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2answers
185 views

Denying “/opt/” access for SFTP Users other than particular dir

This is my first (newbie) post here in unix stackexchange. I want to use my WebServer (Debian) as SFTPServer giving access to particular employees. The dir structure is as follows under root: ...
2
votes
1answer
113 views

Unable to connect after ChrootDirectory within sshd_config

After adding the following to my sshd_config file... Match user myuser ChrootDirectory /var/www/html X11Forwarding no AllowTcpForwarding no ForceCommand internal-sftp I am unable to ...
0
votes
1answer
622 views

Run Java in a chrooted jail

I'm on a CentOS 6.5 machine with Plesk Panel which I used to create a chrooted environment for a user who can access it via ssh. I'm not a big expert but somehow I managed to let him use some basic ...
1
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1answer
148 views

Correlation between CHROOT and Crouton - -

I am trying to understand what purpose/function of CHROOT and how using it with Crouton will allow you to use certain Linux distros and libs. Does CHROOT essentially create some kind of a ...
1
vote
2answers
52 views

Automated test for install script

I'm writing an install script for an appliance that modifies system config files under /etc (amongst other things). How can I test this script non-destructively? Ideally I would like to run the ...
2
votes
1answer
1k views

How to properly use Gentoo Linux as a supplement to an existing distribution?

While I originally wanted to entirely replace the Linux distribution my NAS uses, I meanwhile came to the conclusion that it would be better to leave the existing system as unmodified as possible and ...
2
votes
1answer
488 views

How to copy a debootstrap (chroot) directory to another computer?

I created an installation of Debian in a subdirectory using debootstrap on computer A. Now I would like to transfer this installation to computer B which has a local connection but no global internet ...
1
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3answers
2k views

Allow User To Access Other User's Home Directory

I have a Fedora server. I would create an SFTP user account which is allowed to access other user's home dir. Is it possible? For example user1 -> /home/user1 user2 -> /home/user1 user2 can ...
2
votes
3answers
1k views

HowTo Chroot to BSD

I recently tried FreeBSD [9.2]. I installed it but as i found out it doesn't install any bootloader by default. So now i want to find out HOW it is possible to chroot to the installed BSD via a ...
2
votes
2answers
988 views

Pivot root between two Linux installations

I have two Linux distributions installed (Debian and Ubuntu). Each with its own usr, swap, and whatever. Both are completely independent, each in its partition. According to the man pages, I could ...
0
votes
1answer
56 views

Sandbox alike solution for linux

I wonder if there is a kind of a sandboxing solution for linux, sometimes there is more than one app that is candidate to solve my problems, in that case I want to try all of them to get the one which ...
2
votes
1answer
399 views

vsftpd does not allow chrooted users write to directory

I installed vsftpd on ubuntu 12.04 and chrooted local users, in order not to let them see the other parts of system. but when a local user wants to login into ftp it gives out this error: 500 OOPS: ...
17
votes
2answers
5k views

What to use to harden Linux box? Apparmor, SELinux, grsecurity, SMACK, chroot?

I am planning to go back to Linux as a Desktop machine. I would like to make it more secure. And try a few hardening techniques, especially since I plan to get my own server. What would be a good, ...
2
votes
1answer
184 views

SFTP chroot jail/access based on wildcard

I want to give a list of people SFTP access to /webdocs/ABC* where they will read-write access to only directories that match this wildcard. How do I do this? Can I create a chroot jaill or some ...
5
votes
1answer
379 views

Why is it possible to leave CHROOT with this sftp config?

I'm trying to create the user lenny, that has read and write permissions in the folder /home/lenny/ and has no shell but only access via SFTP. I'm doing the following: useradd lenny mkdir /home/lenny ...
1
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0answers
141 views

How to send a running process to jail?

"Go directly to jail; do not pass go, do not collect $200" — Monopoly Is there any way to make a running process's all future file access behave as if it has always been in a chroot environment?
2
votes
2answers
265 views

How to have a chroot system mount shared with its host?

Say I chrooted into ~/myroot with its /mnt being bind-mounted from the host's /mnt. Now (from within the chroot environment) I want to e.g. mount /dev/something /mnt/something such that not only the ...
2
votes
1answer
2k views

How to assign an additional IP/hostname to a chrooted environment?

While I can simply have e.g. sshd in a chroot environment ("chrootenv") listen to a different port than its parent ("parentenv"), it would be more convenient to have that environment have an ...
0
votes
1answer
300 views

rm -rf on vhosts directory, what should I do?

I was tired and unfortunately I did: rm -rf * /var/www/vhosts repertory on my CentOS 6.3 running with Parallel Plesk. I lost many websites, but worst: I've lost chroot, default, fs and fs-passwd. ...
0
votes
1answer
274 views

Can't create a minimal chroot jail

Was trying to create a minimal chroot jail. The steps followed was: Created a folder chroot Copied bash to the folder chroot Run ldd bash to know the dependencies ldd /bin/bash linux-vdso.so.1 ...
6
votes
2answers
538 views

Which of proc, sys etc. should be bind-mounted (or not) when chrooting into a “replacement” distribution?

This answer to another question basically boils down to chrooting into another Linux distribution in order to mainly use that as a replacement to its too restricted (but irreplaceable) parent. The ...
2
votes
2answers
506 views

How do I `umount` /proc?

I am following this tutorial on how to do a firmware update to my NAND flash. I followed it only changing the directory where I am placing my new root. I am copying all of the /bin /dev /sbin /usr ...
0
votes
2answers
458 views

Cannot create root jail

I just tried to play around with chroot command only for testing purposes, in order to create a temporary root jail, but I didn't managed to. The platform is CentOS 6.4. and I have done it numerous ...
1
vote
1answer
2k views

Unable to get Wireless working during Arch Linux install

I'm following the Arch Linux install guide here: https://wiki.archlinux.org/index.php/Beginners%27_Guide I'm installing from a live disc. I've just used pacstrap to install the base system. I then ...
6
votes
1answer
2k views

chroot fails with --userspec when chroot is i686

I'm experiencing a problem with chroot... I'm running on Arch Linux x86_64. I have a 64 bit chroot and a 32 bit chroot. They are identical except that one is 32 bit and one is 64 bit. I can enter ...
2
votes
1answer
47 views

Does `build_packages` download all libraries again in the case of a failed build?

I have been trying to set up and build an image of the Chromium OS from the instructions available here. My laptop was running the build_packages script for about 7-8 hours after which it failed on ...
1
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1answer
245 views

32-bit on 64-bit: memory usage for multiple processes

I'm working on a Linux hosting solution for game server software, however the software in question is 32-bit and I'd be running 64-bit on the host. Now, I know I can run 32-bit apps on a 64-bit host ...
2
votes
1answer
611 views

Debian chroot blocking PTTYs on host

I've created a Debian-based chroot environment using debootstrap under Arch Linux, and fill it with life like this: #!/bin/sh mount -t proc proc $CHROOT/proc mount -t devpts devpts $CHROOT/dev/pts ...
1
vote
1answer
675 views

grub-install --no-floppy /dev/sda fails (Funtoo)

I am trying out Funtoo on a new machine. I've been through the installation process, as described in Funtoo Linux Installation . Specifically, the installation is done from within an existing Linux ...
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votes
3answers
192 views

Linux prompt missing brackets

I'm using centos in my VPS server and guest system. There're two logins for a guest system. One is root and one is regular. After I mounted the guest system and chroot to the mounting directory, I ...
2
votes
1answer
792 views

Share a directory over FTP with chroot_local enabled

I'm using vsftpd. By default, when I create a user, they are jailed in their directory which is /home/user. I have enabled chroot_local_user=YES. On the other hand, I also wanted to create a shared ...
6
votes
4answers
978 views

Is there a pbuilder-like environment for RedHat?

I would like to know if is there any utility like Debian's pbuilder, to build RPM packages on RedHat using a clean environment (chroot). I've found mach which has support for something like this but ...
2
votes
1answer
696 views

Cannot open GUI after ssh -X and chroot

I ssh ( with -X option ) to another computer then I I do a chroot. I then encounter problems running X11 apps. As one example, after the ssh I would run emacs and it would open a new window as a X11 ...
3
votes
1answer
405 views

Are there any differences between mounting a /proc filesystem inside a chroot compared to mounting it from the outside?

Compare the following: mount -t proc none ./my_chroot/proc and: chroot ./mychroot mount -t proc none /proc
2
votes
1answer
1k views

How to achieve the effect of chroot in userspace in Linux (without being root)?

The goal is to install and run programs in a displaced (relocated) distro (whose / must not coincide with the global /) inside a host Linux system. The programs are not adapted for using a different / ...
28
votes
3answers
29k views

Restricting an SSH/SCP/SFTP user to a directory

Is there a simple way to restrict an SCP/SFTP user to a directory? All methods that I've come across require me to set a chroot jail up by copying binaries, but I don't think that should be necessary. ...
4
votes
3answers
2k views

Boot Linux system from a subdirectory on a partition?

I would like to try to set up a computer so that it has multiple Linux installs all in the same filesystem. For example, the filesytem would have 3 folders: /Ubuntu_Precise, /Ubuntu_Oneiric, and ...
1
vote
1answer
385 views

Chrooting into ArchLinux iso installation environment

I'm trying to install ArchLinux, but my laptop hangs whenever I have any bootable media attached (other than the primary disk luckily). I tell you this, not because I'm looking to fix my laptop ...
4
votes
3answers
2k views

Restrict ssh login from LDAP to users who have a /home directory

I have an Apache server (RHEL 6) hosting multiple user web pages which currently is connected to my Active Directory environment to authenticate users. The server is used to automatically host content ...
2
votes
0answers
511 views

remount chrooted read-only subdirectory (non-mountpoint) to read-write from within jail?

I'm trying to do the same of this question (multiple linux installation on same filesystem) but I get this result (root filesystem mounted as read-only) . I'm using debian/sid, have successfully ...
0
votes
0answers
151 views

Creating a Safe Web Server

Web server hosts multiple websites. Multiple users update each website. User home directory /home/user1 /home/user2 Web directory /var/www/site1 /var/www/site2 Each user uses SFTP to upload ...
4
votes
1answer
2k views

How can I mount a directory of the host system for use inside a FreeBSD jail?

I am performing the following on FreeBSD 9.0-STABLE: mount_nullfs /foo /jail/foo After that, from within the host system, the mount works. So this works: touch /foo/bar && ls /jail/foo/bar ...
4
votes
3answers
707 views

Unabled to get rid of BIND 9 chroot

I had installed bind-chroot from yum not long ago, and saw that there were errors in the daily logs from named. Under further investigation, I noticed a directory loop. The named files resided under ...
0
votes
1answer
316 views

SSH minimal rights user - su only [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Creating a UNIX account which only executes one command I am trying to setup a user account that only has as minimal rights as possible. The user should be able to log ...
2
votes
1answer
121 views

Is it possible to log directly into chroot?

Lets say I boot up my computer and I see the login screen. When I log in as myuser, I want to be restricted to a certain root directory via. chroot. Let's assume that the directory is ...
2
votes
1answer
964 views

Sudo does not work in chroot

I would like to be able to use the sudo command in a chroot environment. I start the chroot as follows: chroot /debian-squeeze /bin/bash Now I'm logged in as root in the chroot. I can do su user ...
1
vote
1answer
2k views

How to chroot into busybox environment?

i have a filesystem build with buildroot, to compile code for a device using a old kernel and uClibc. Now i want to chroot into the fs. The problem is, i dont have /bin/bash, just /bin/busybox. How ...
3
votes
2answers
4k views

getting 553 - cannot create file in vsftpd (ubuntu 12.04)

I'm trying to setup a ftp account for a user that has read/write access to one folder: /items/myuser I've set up the account with username 'myuser' in Linux with the adduser command. After that, I've ...