A chroot on Unix operating systems is an operation that changes the apparent root directory for the current running process and its children. A program that is run in such a modified environment cannot name (and therefore normally not access) files outside the designated directory tree.

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Automated test for install script

I'm writing an install script for an appliance that modifies system config files under /etc (amongst other things). How can I test this script non-destructively? Ideally I would like to run the ...
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How to properly use Gentoo Linux as a supplement to an existing distribution?

While I originally wanted to entirely replace the Linux distribution my NAS uses, I meanwhile came to the conclusion that it would be better to leave the existing system as unmodified as possible and ...
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1answer
474 views

How to copy a debootstrap (chroot) directory to another computer?

I created an installation of Debian in a subdirectory using debootstrap on computer A. Now I would like to transfer this installation to computer B which has a local connection but no global internet ...
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Allow User To Access Other User's Home Directory

I have a Fedora server. I would create an SFTP user account which is allowed to access other user's home dir. Is it possible? For example user1 -> /home/user1 user2 -> /home/user1 user2 can ...
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3answers
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HowTo Chroot to BSD

I recently tried FreeBSD [9.2]. I installed it but as i found out it doesn't install any bootloader by default. So now i want to find out HOW it is possible to chroot to the installed BSD via a ...
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2answers
960 views

Pivot root between two Linux installations

I have two Linux distributions installed (Debian and Ubuntu). Each with its own usr, swap, and whatever. Both are completely independent, each in its partition. According to the man pages, I could ...
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1answer
56 views

Sandbox alike solution for linux

I wonder if there is a kind of a sandboxing solution for linux, sometimes there is more than one app that is candidate to solve my problems, in that case I want to try all of them to get the one which ...
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1answer
370 views

vsftpd does not allow chrooted users write to directory

I installed vsftpd on ubuntu 12.04 and chrooted local users, in order not to let them see the other parts of system. but when a local user wants to login into ftp it gives out this error: 500 OOPS: ...
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What to use to harden Linux box? Apparmor, SELinux, grsecurity, SMACK, chroot?

I am planning to go back to Linux as a Desktop machine. I would like to make it more secure. And try a few hardening techniques, especially since I plan to get my own server. What would be a good, ...
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1answer
181 views

SFTP chroot jail/access based on wildcard

I want to give a list of people SFTP access to /webdocs/ABC* where they will read-write access to only directories that match this wildcard. How do I do this? Can I create a chroot jaill or some ...
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379 views

Why is it possible to leave CHROOT with this sftp config?

I'm trying to create the user lenny, that has read and write permissions in the folder /home/lenny/ and has no shell but only access via SFTP. I'm doing the following: useradd lenny mkdir /home/lenny ...
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135 views

How to send a running process to jail?

"Go directly to jail; do not pass go, do not collect $200" — Monopoly Is there any way to make a running process's all future file access behave as if it has always been in a chroot environment?
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How to have a chroot system mount shared with its host?

Say I chrooted into ~/myroot with its /mnt being bind-mounted from the host's /mnt. Now (from within the chroot environment) I want to e.g. mount /dev/something /mnt/something such that not only the ...
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1answer
2k views

How to assign an additional IP/hostname to a chrooted environment?

While I can simply have e.g. sshd in a chroot environment ("chrootenv") listen to a different port than its parent ("parentenv"), it would be more convenient to have that environment have an ...
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1answer
290 views

rm -rf on vhosts directory, what should I do?

I was tired and unfortunately I did: rm -rf * /var/www/vhosts repertory on my CentOS 6.3 running with Parallel Plesk. I lost many websites, but worst: I've lost chroot, default, fs and fs-passwd. ...
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1answer
261 views

Can't create a minimal chroot jail

Was trying to create a minimal chroot jail. The steps followed was: Created a folder chroot Copied bash to the folder chroot Run ldd bash to know the dependencies ldd /bin/bash linux-vdso.so.1 ...
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Which of proc, sys etc. should be bind-mounted (or not) when chrooting into a “replacement” distribution?

This answer to another question basically boils down to chrooting into another Linux distribution in order to mainly use that as a replacement to its too restricted (but irreplaceable) parent. The ...
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2answers
479 views

How do I `umount` /proc?

I am following this tutorial on how to do a firmware update to my NAND flash. I followed it only changing the directory where I am placing my new root. I am copying all of the /bin /dev /sbin /usr ...
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451 views

Cannot create root jail

I just tried to play around with chroot command only for testing purposes, in order to create a temporary root jail, but I didn't managed to. The platform is CentOS 6.4. and I have done it numerous ...
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1answer
2k views

Unable to get Wireless working during Arch Linux install

I'm following the Arch Linux install guide here: https://wiki.archlinux.org/index.php/Beginners%27_Guide I'm installing from a live disc. I've just used pacstrap to install the base system. I then ...
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1answer
2k views

chroot fails with --userspec when chroot is i686

I'm experiencing a problem with chroot... I'm running on Arch Linux x86_64. I have a 64 bit chroot and a 32 bit chroot. They are identical except that one is 32 bit and one is 64 bit. I can enter ...
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1answer
47 views

Does `build_packages` download all libraries again in the case of a failed build?

I have been trying to set up and build an image of the Chromium OS from the instructions available here. My laptop was running the build_packages script for about 7-8 hours after which it failed on ...
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1answer
242 views

32-bit on 64-bit: memory usage for multiple processes

I'm working on a Linux hosting solution for game server software, however the software in question is 32-bit and I'd be running 64-bit on the host. Now, I know I can run 32-bit apps on a 64-bit host ...
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1answer
584 views

Debian chroot blocking PTTYs on host

I've created a Debian-based chroot environment using debootstrap under Arch Linux, and fill it with life like this: #!/bin/sh mount -t proc proc $CHROOT/proc mount -t devpts devpts $CHROOT/dev/pts ...
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1answer
662 views

grub-install --no-floppy /dev/sda fails (Funtoo)

I am trying out Funtoo on a new machine. I've been through the installation process, as described in Funtoo Linux Installation . Specifically, the installation is done from within an existing Linux ...
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3answers
188 views

Linux prompt missing brackets

I'm using centos in my VPS server and guest system. There're two logins for a guest system. One is root and one is regular. After I mounted the guest system and chroot to the mounting directory, I ...
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1answer
784 views

Share a directory over FTP with chroot_local enabled

I'm using vsftpd. By default, when I create a user, they are jailed in their directory which is /home/user. I have enabled chroot_local_user=YES. On the other hand, I also wanted to create a shared ...
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4answers
970 views

Is there a pbuilder-like environment for RedHat?

I would like to know if is there any utility like Debian's pbuilder, to build RPM packages on RedHat using a clean environment (chroot). I've found mach which has support for something like this but ...
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1answer
684 views

Cannot open GUI after ssh -X and chroot

I ssh ( with -X option ) to another computer then I I do a chroot. I then encounter problems running X11 apps. As one example, after the ssh I would run emacs and it would open a new window as a X11 ...
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1answer
404 views

Are there any differences between mounting a /proc filesystem inside a chroot compared to mounting it from the outside?

Compare the following: mount -t proc none ./my_chroot/proc and: chroot ./mychroot mount -t proc none /proc
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1answer
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How to achieve the effect of chroot in userspace in Linux (without being root)?

The goal is to install and run programs in a displaced (relocated) distro (whose / must not coincide with the global /) inside a host Linux system. The programs are not adapted for using a different / ...
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Restricting an SSH/SCP/SFTP user to a directory

Is there a simple way to restrict an SCP/SFTP user to a directory? All methods that I've come across require me to set a chroot jail up by copying binaries, but I don't think that should be necessary. ...
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3answers
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Boot Linux system from a subdirectory on a partition?

I would like to try to set up a computer so that it has multiple Linux installs all in the same filesystem. For example, the filesytem would have 3 folders: /Ubuntu_Precise, /Ubuntu_Oneiric, and ...
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1answer
375 views

Chrooting into ArchLinux iso installation environment

I'm trying to install ArchLinux, but my laptop hangs whenever I have any bootable media attached (other than the primary disk luckily). I tell you this, not because I'm looking to fix my laptop ...
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3answers
2k views

Restrict ssh login from LDAP to users who have a /home directory

I have an Apache server (RHEL 6) hosting multiple user web pages which currently is connected to my Active Directory environment to authenticate users. The server is used to automatically host content ...
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remount chrooted read-only subdirectory (non-mountpoint) to read-write from within jail?

I'm trying to do the same of this question (multiple linux installation on same filesystem) but I get this result (root filesystem mounted as read-only) . I'm using debian/sid, have successfully ...
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151 views

Creating a Safe Web Server

Web server hosts multiple websites. Multiple users update each website. User home directory /home/user1 /home/user2 Web directory /var/www/site1 /var/www/site2 Each user uses SFTP to upload ...
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1answer
2k views

How can I mount a directory of the host system for use inside a FreeBSD jail?

I am performing the following on FreeBSD 9.0-STABLE: mount_nullfs /foo /jail/foo After that, from within the host system, the mount works. So this works: touch /foo/bar && ls /jail/foo/bar ...
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691 views

Unabled to get rid of BIND 9 chroot

I had installed bind-chroot from yum not long ago, and saw that there were errors in the daily logs from named. Under further investigation, I noticed a directory loop. The named files resided under ...
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1answer
306 views

SSH minimal rights user - su only [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Creating a UNIX account which only executes one command I am trying to setup a user account that only has as minimal rights as possible. The user should be able to log ...
2
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1answer
120 views

Is it possible to log directly into chroot?

Lets say I boot up my computer and I see the login screen. When I log in as myuser, I want to be restricted to a certain root directory via. chroot. Let's assume that the directory is ...
2
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1answer
932 views

Sudo does not work in chroot

I would like to be able to use the sudo command in a chroot environment. I start the chroot as follows: chroot /debian-squeeze /bin/bash Now I'm logged in as root in the chroot. I can do su user ...
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1answer
2k views

How to chroot into busybox environment?

i have a filesystem build with buildroot, to compile code for a device using a old kernel and uClibc. Now i want to chroot into the fs. The problem is, i dont have /bin/bash, just /bin/busybox. How ...
3
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2answers
4k views

getting 553 - cannot create file in vsftpd (ubuntu 12.04)

I'm trying to setup a ftp account for a user that has read/write access to one folder: /items/myuser I've set up the account with username 'myuser' in Linux with the adduser command. After that, I've ...
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2answers
839 views

Chroot Risks w/ /dev and /proc

I am planning to set up a few chroot jails for some users to run/test Java applications (lets just assume each application is untrusted). Is there any risk involved with mounting /dev and /proc into ...
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627 views

How to rsync a chroot without breaking symlinks?

I'd like to rsync (backup) a chroot environment from outside the chroot. For that I first make a lvm snapshot of the chroot volume and then run rsync on that. The only problem with this approach: ...
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3answers
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What to do to run GUI Java app in chrooted environment?

In my case Java app is JDownloader. I prepared chroot environment as explained here: http://www.0x61.com/forum/post5240333.html#p5240333 and here: http://interreality.org/~reed/java-chroot.html ...
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1answer
429 views

Does OpenSSH_5.9p1 support Chrooted SSH?

Lately i upgraded my SSH server with OpenSSH_5.9p1 and tried to setup chrooted SFTP/SSH. So far i managed to setup chrooted access only for SFTP using new feature of openssh5.9p1: Match User ...
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1answer
910 views

SFTP: give user access to folder outside home

I have a machine running Ubuntu 12.04 LTS with OpenSSH server installed. I have created a user with a jailed home account. When I log in with the user's account, I can only access his home (duh). ...
2
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3answers
2k views

Display X applications on an Android system

Host system: Android 3.2.1 Honeycomb Chroot system: Debian Testing lxde Hardware: Asus eee pad transformer tablet nvidia arm architecture Note 1: The Debian system boots on this hardware, thus it ...