A chroot on Unix operating systems is an operation that changes the apparent root directory for the current running process and its children. A program that is run in such a modified environment cannot name (and therefore normally not access) files outside the designated directory tree.

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replicate and isolating user environments on the fly

I will be using Ubuntu Linux for this project. For training of a particular application at a conference I need: To have each student be able to ssh into the same user account on a server Upon each ...
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3answers
515 views

TERM variable in chroot

I've created a chroot with the help of jailkit and now I'm trying to install some other libraries and tools. First I tried to install clear library. I've copied the file from the /bin folder and ...
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chroot: failed to run command ‘/bin/bash’: No such file or directory [duplicate]

When I run the chroot command an error is given: failed to run command ‘/bin/bash’: No such file or directory
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2answers
2k views

Chroot SFTP users who require access to multiple directories under same parent folder

I have a RHEL 6 server with a /Documents directory, and it has child directories 1 2 3 4 5.... right under the /Documents directory. Is it possible to create an SFTP chroot jail that only gives a ...
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1answer
30 views

How to correct error where 2 out of 3 users on chrooted network cannot gain write access?

I have an SFTP server running on Debian. The directory is chrooted and is set up with privileges as such: /sftp/+---testagent2----writespace 750 | 755 755 ...
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97 views

Different fakechroot behavior on Fedora and Ubuntu

Consider the following directory tree (mychroot): mychroot/ ├── proc │   └── cpuinfo └── usr └── bin └── ls On Fedora 20: $ fakechroot chroot ./mychroot/ /usr/bin/ls proc cpuinfo ...
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1answer
55 views

Seperate messages of multiple sshds in syslog-ng

Is there a common way of distinguishing between the messages of multiple processes in syslog-ng beside setting different facilities? +1 if filtering and therefore logging in different files would be ...
6
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3answers
411 views

Why are web servers traditionally started as superuser?

Thinking about a future web server setup, it struck me that for some reason web servers usually start as root and then drop certain rights (setuid) for the worker processes. In addition there is often ...
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1answer
770 views

Create ssh user which can only access home directory [duplicate]

I read documentation on the internet on how to create a new user with SSH access. I figured it out and to create a user is quite simple. The next step I want to take is to jail this ssh server to the ...
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2answers
141 views

Denying “/opt/” access for SFTP Users other than particular dir

This is my first (newbie) post here in unix stackexchange. I want to use my WebServer (Debian) as SFTPServer giving access to particular employees. The dir structure is as follows under root: ...
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1answer
77 views

Unable to connect after ChrootDirectory within sshd_config

After adding the following to my sshd_config file... Match user myuser ChrootDirectory /var/www/html X11Forwarding no AllowTcpForwarding no ForceCommand internal-sftp I am unable to ...
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1answer
358 views

Run Java in a chrooted jail

I'm on a CentOS 6.5 machine with Plesk Panel which I used to create a chrooted environment for a user who can access it via ssh. I'm not a big expert but somehow I managed to let him use some basic ...
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1answer
109 views

Correlation between CHROOT and Crouton - -

I am trying to understand what purpose/function of CHROOT and how using it with Crouton will allow you to use certain Linux distros and libs. Does CHROOT essentially create some kind of a ...
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2answers
45 views

Automated test for install script

I'm writing an install script for an appliance that modifies system config files under /etc (amongst other things). How can I test this script non-destructively? Ideally I would like to run the ...
2
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1answer
785 views

How to properly use Gentoo Linux as a supplement to an existing distribution?

While I originally wanted to entirely replace the Linux distribution my NAS uses, I meanwhile came to the conclusion that it would be better to leave the existing system as unmodified as possible and ...
2
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1answer
190 views

How to copy a debootstrap (chroot) directory to another computer?

I created an installation of Debian in a subdirectory using debootstrap on computer A. Now I would like to transfer this installation to computer B which has a local connection but no global internet ...
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3answers
1k views

Allow User To Access Other User's Home Directory

I have a Fedora server. I would create an SFTP user account which is allowed to access other user's home dir. Is it possible? For example user1 -> /home/user1 user2 -> /home/user1 user2 can ...
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3answers
472 views

HowTo Chroot to BSD

I recently tried FreeBSD [9.2]. I installed it but as i found out it doesn't install any bootloader by default. So now i want to find out HOW it is possible to chroot to the installed BSD via a ...
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2answers
645 views

Pivot root between two Linux installations

I have two Linux distributions installed (Debian and Ubuntu). Each with its own usr, swap, and whatever. Both are completely independent, each in its partition. According to the man pages, I could ...
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1answer
292 views

Boot into a chroot?

I have Linux (Debian Jessie) installed on a hard drive. Drive - sda1, ext4fs, and sda2 - swap I have a /chroot folder. There is installed another system, in /chroot folder. Question: How to tell ...
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1answer
51 views

Sandbox alike solution for linux

I wonder if there is a kind of a sandboxing solution for linux, sometimes there is more than one app that is candidate to solve my problems, in that case I want to try all of them to get the one which ...
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1answer
149 views

vsftpd does not allow chrooted users write to directory

I installed vsftpd on ubuntu 12.04 and chrooted local users, in order not to let them see the other parts of system. but when a local user wants to login into ftp it gives out this error: 500 OOPS: ...
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2answers
4k views

What to use to harden Linux box? Apparmor, SELinux, grsecurity, SMACK, chroot?

I am planning to go back to Linux as a Desktop machine. I would like to make it more secure. And try a few hardening techniques, especially since I plan to get my own server. What would be a good, ...
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1answer
121 views

SFTP chroot jail/access based on wildcard

I want to give a list of people SFTP access to /webdocs/ABC* where they will read-write access to only directories that match this wildcard. How do I do this? Can I create a chroot jaill or some ...
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1answer
253 views

Implement ProFTPd server without chroot

Can I use ProFTPd without using a chroot jail (thereby preventing access to anything outside of the FTP root)? I have a requirement to have symlinks in my FTP source that point to locations outside of ...
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1answer
366 views

Why is it possible to leave CHROOT with this sftp config?

I'm trying to create the user lenny, that has read and write permissions in the folder /home/lenny/ and has no shell but only access via SFTP. I'm doing the following: useradd lenny mkdir /home/lenny ...
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1answer
1k views

Set up chroot for LDAP users in RHEL6

I have been working on this for 2 days now and am about to give up so someone please help. I have a Red Hat 6 server joined to my active directory domain. Logins work just fine under normal ...
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0answers
85 views

How to send a running process to jail?

"Go directly to jail; do not pass go, do not collect $200" — Monopoly Is there any way to make a running process's all future file access behave as if it has always been in a chroot environment?
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2answers
161 views

How to have a chroot system mount shared with its host?

Say I chrooted into ~/myroot with its /mnt being bind-mounted from the host's /mnt. Now (from within the chroot environment) I want to e.g. mount /dev/something /mnt/something such that not only the ...
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1answer
1k views

How to assign an additional IP/hostname to a chrooted environment?

While I can simply have e.g. sshd in a chroot environment ("chrootenv") listen to a different port than its parent ("parentenv"), it would be more convenient to have that environment have an ...
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1answer
180 views

rm -rf on vhosts directory, what should I do?

I was tired and unfortunately I did: rm -rf * /var/www/vhosts repertory on my CentOS 6.3 running with Parallel Plesk. I lost many websites, but worst: I've lost chroot, default, fs and fs-passwd. ...
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1answer
185 views

Can't create a minimal chroot jail

Was trying to create a minimal chroot jail. The steps followed was: Created a folder chroot Copied bash to the folder chroot Run ldd bash to know the dependencies ldd /bin/bash linux-vdso.so.1 ...
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2answers
279 views

Which of proc, sys etc. should be bind-mounted (or not) when chrooting into a “replacement” distribution?

This answer to another question basically boils down to chrooting into another Linux distribution in order to mainly use that as a replacement to its too restricted (but irreplaceable) parent. The ...
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2answers
248 views

How do I `umount` /proc?

I am following this tutorial on how to do a firmware update to my NAND flash. I followed it only changing the directory where I am placing my new root. I am copying all of the /bin /dev /sbin /usr ...
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2answers
352 views

Cannot create root jail

I just tried to play around with chroot command only for testing purposes, in order to create a temporary root jail, but I didn't managed to. The platform is CentOS 6.4. and I have done it numerous ...
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1answer
2k views

Unable to get Wireless working during Arch Linux install

I'm following the Arch Linux install guide here: https://wiki.archlinux.org/index.php/Beginners%27_Guide I'm installing from a live disc. I've just used pacstrap to install the base system. I then ...
4
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2answers
27k views

vsftpd - Limit FTP access only to /var/www

I am running vsftpd as ftp server on my linux (rasbian), I log in to the machine as a root user. I would like to be still locked to using only /var/www, how can I configure vsftpd conf to accomplish ...
6
votes
1answer
2k views

chroot fails with --userspec when chroot is i686

I'm experiencing a problem with chroot... I'm running on Arch Linux x86_64. I have a 64 bit chroot and a 32 bit chroot. They are identical except that one is 32 bit and one is 64 bit. I can enter ...
2
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1answer
41 views

Does `build_packages` download all libraries again in the case of a failed build?

I have been trying to set up and build an image of the Chromium OS from the instructions available here. My laptop was running the build_packages script for about 7-8 hours after which it failed on ...
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1answer
201 views

32-bit on 64-bit: memory usage for multiple processes

I'm working on a Linux hosting solution for game server software, however the software in question is 32-bit and I'd be running 64-bit on the host. Now, I know I can run 32-bit apps on a 64-bit host ...
2
votes
1answer
400 views

Debian chroot blocking PTTYs on host

I've created a Debian-based chroot environment using debootstrap under Arch Linux, and fill it with life like this: #!/bin/sh mount -t proc proc $CHROOT/proc mount -t devpts devpts $CHROOT/dev/pts ...
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1answer
506 views

grub-install --no-floppy /dev/sda fails (Funtoo)

I am trying out Funtoo on a new machine. I've been through the installation process, as described in Funtoo Linux Installation . Specifically, the installation is done from within an existing Linux ...
18
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2answers
5k views

How do I tell I'm running in a chroot?

I have a unix installation that's supposed to be usable both as a chroot and as a standalone system. If it's running as a chroot, I don't want to run any service (cron, inetd, and so on), because they ...
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votes
3answers
143 views

Linux prompt missing brackets

I'm using centos in my VPS server and guest system. There're two logins for a guest system. One is root and one is regular. After I mounted the guest system and chroot to the mounting directory, I ...
10
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4answers
3k views

Lightweight isolated linux environment

I want an isolated (guest) Linux environment on my computer that I can mess up without worrying about the host. E.g. install a lot of stuff from source without package management, pollute environment ...
2
votes
1answer
571 views

Share a directory over FTP with chroot_local enabled

I'm using vsftpd. By default, when I create a user, they are jailed in their directory which is /home/user. I have enabled chroot_local_user=YES. On the other hand, I also wanted to create a shared ...
6
votes
4answers
853 views

Is there a pbuilder-like environment for RedHat?

I would like to know if is there any utility like Debian's pbuilder, to build RPM packages on RedHat using a clean environment (chroot). I've found mach which has support for something like this but ...
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votes
1answer
566 views

Cannot open GUI after ssh -X and chroot

I ssh ( with -X option ) to another computer then I I do a chroot. I then encounter problems running X11 apps. As one example, after the ssh I would run emacs and it would open a new window as a X11 ...
3
votes
1answer
385 views

Are there any differences between mounting a /proc filesystem inside a chroot compared to mounting it from the outside?

Compare the following: mount -t proc none ./my_chroot/proc and: chroot ./mychroot mount -t proc none /proc
2
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1answer
843 views

How to achieve the effect of chroot in userspace in Linux (without being root)?

The goal is to install and run programs in a displaced (relocated) distro (whose / must not coincide with the global /) inside a host Linux system. The programs are not adapted for using a different / ...