chmod is used to change the commonly used read, write, and execute permissions on files. It can change these permission bits for the file owner, the file's group owner, and everyone else. It can also change the more esoteric ‘permissions’ (attributes, reall) like set-user-ID, set-group-ID, and ...

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MySQL Backup folder permissions - Non downloadable by others

I created a PHP script which takes backup of the mysql database every day and then saves it to a folder called "BkPath". All the backups will be saved here. But am trying learn the chmod command to ...
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1answer
2k views

how do I mount a CIFS share so I can fully control the mounted volume on the client

It's a simple question: but I am in much pain over this situation, so here is the question: How can I "mount" a share so that a) the share is run on boot b) that I can control things like chown/chmod ...
2
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1answer
42 views

How to copy permissions from owner to others using `chmod`?

Is it possible to recursively copy the permissions of owner to group and others for all files in a given directory? PS: my chmod is 5.97
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4answers
2k views

permissions 755 on /home/<user>/

I am wondering why by default my directory /home/<user>/ has permissions set to 755. This allows other users to enter into directories and read files in my home. Is there any legitimate reason ...
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2answers
552 views

Chmod by Letters Vs Numbers

I was recently asked by a colleague to use chmod with letters instead of numbers. Apart from the obvious readability advantage is there any particular reason to use letters over numbers ?
2
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2answers
1k views

Unable to run 'sudo chmod +w /etc/hosts'

I am logged into my remote VM (running out of ESXi) as user xyz. I wanted to change my /etc/hosts to add some network names that were not visible by default. I first tried to run sudo vi /etc/hosts ...
1
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2answers
677 views

Executable located in location A how to run it in location B?

So, I've an executable in my debian server and this executable located in /home/human/ExecuteIt, still i cant figure it out how to run my executable in another location. In my case it is ...
1
vote
1answer
42 views

trying to search inside chmod with command [duplicate]

I am trying to find commands with the word "symbolic" inside the contents If I type man chmod and /symbolic you can see that chmod command has the line of "new modes of the file will ...
2
votes
3answers
323 views

'setfacl' permissions don't apply to directories created by git clone?

Here's how I am setting permissions for my website's root directory i.e. ~/public_html, where the files that my website serves are placed: sudo chgrp -R www-data ~/public_html chmod g+s ~/public_html ...
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1answer
272 views

Equivalent of full control, modify and write in linux

What is the equivalent of assigning Full control, Modify and Write permission, in Windows, to a particular user and group, in Linux? chgrp, chmod and chown seems quite limited in this case.
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3answers
4k views

Wrongly set chmod / 777. Problems?

I was trying to run chmod -R 777 ./ but ended up typing chmod -R 777 / and set 777 on my entire machine. What can go wrong? How can I fix it?
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2answers
67 views

Is there a flag corresponding to x/X, but for s with chmod on Linux?

When using chmod (in my case part of coreutils 8.12), and recursively setting the x bit, there exists the convenient X (uppercase letter x), to set the bit only on directories. So if you wanted to ...
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2answers
449 views

How to hide someone else's directories from a user?

I have several folders: /home/user1/ -u user1 -G user1 /home/user2/ -u user2 -G user2 /home/user3/ -u user3 -G user3 I created three users user1, user2, user3. Each user has own group. Any user can ...
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2answers
101 views

FS permission scenario

How can I achieve this files & folders permissions scenario: Consider these folder: Folder A: 640 root apache /var/www/A/ Folder www: 640 root apache /var/www/ and this linux user: id user1: ...
3
votes
3answers
2k views

How can I revert a chmod on the etc directory?

I accidentally executed the following command on the etc directory: sudo chmod -R 700 /etc I know that I have done something very wrong. My terminal now prints: I have no name!@ubuntu: /$ How ...
2
votes
3answers
234 views

Safer way for granting permissions for self user?

I know sometimes we can do chmod 777 so we have a directory at our complete reach for accessing, reading and writing. But usually I prefer to do a sudo chown {myusername} {directory}. Obviously, the ...
7
votes
1answer
3k views

Is NTFS under linux able to save a linux file, with its chown and chmod settings?

I'm having some doubts about how to install and allow linux to correctly read/write to a NTFS formated harddrive used as backup of various machines (windows included, that's how I need NTFS). For now ...
5
votes
4answers
1k views

chmod recursive permission on thousands of files

This is a more general question about 'chmoding' recursively. I have this script which at some point needs to change the permissions recursively in a folder which has a few hundred thousand files. ...
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1answer
33 views

how to display I/O file on shell [closed]

I am writing shell script and I need to display my output at the same time however it doesn't work with 2> somefile.txt and if I do | tee -a somefilel it will not overwrite which I need to . <> ...
1
vote
1answer
248 views

Permission error to access mounted directory in localhost

OK, I formatted my flash to ext4 file system, changed all the permissions to 777 and mounted it to /var/www/html/web. Now, when i access localhost/web it gives the following error: "You don't have ...
1
vote
1answer
170 views

Changed file access to read only but I can still write to the file. Why?

I am running a small embedded system built using buildroot. I have come across this strange behaviour when trying to set up my file permissions on the target device. To illustrate what confuses me I ...
0
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1answer
72 views

Removing access privileges to backup while maintaining current setup

I have a giant directory, and I am dealing with a backup. I would like to store this backup in as safe of a way as possible. One of the ways of doing that is removing rwx privileges through chmod. ...
1
vote
1answer
943 views

Safe to change owner of OS X system folders?

I'm trying to get Homebrew to work. That program's diagnosis tool gives me these suggestions: You should probably chown /usr/local/etc ... You should probably chown them: ...
2
votes
2answers
2k views

Unable to change permissions of file system root

When I write ls -la the output is : tusharmakkar08-Satellite-C660 tusharmakkar08 # ls -la total 88 drwxr-x---+ 10 root root 4096 Apr 18 19:43 . drwxr-xr-x 4 root root 4096 Mar 18 17:35 .. ...
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1answer
124 views

chmod allowing write when I am not setting it

I've got a perl script which systematically changes permissions. The first thing the script does is remove all permissions. It does this by calling chmod(from perl). I did this as I found the set guid ...
5
votes
4answers
1k views

recursively chmod

I was trying to chmod folders and files with: find . -type d -exec chmod 755 {} \; find . -type f -exec chmod 644 {} \; But I was wondering: How to do it in one line using find and excluding the ...
3
votes
2answers
86 views

How can a user restrict their own group rights without being root?

How can I change my user rights from rwx to r-x at the group level? I'm trying to ensure that I cannot touch any data belonging to other users when I am developing and debugging my scripts. Once I've ...
1
vote
3answers
1k views

find . .[^.]* -type f -print0 | xargs -0 sudo chmod 664; does not work

I am using this command to set permissions for files recursively clime@vm6879 /srv/www-php/steeltrading $ find . .[^.]* -type f -print0 | xargs -0 sudo chmod 664 But after executing that command ...
1
vote
1answer
379 views

chmod and chown not working in sudo called script

Based on this Serverfault question, my git user has permission in sudoers to run a wrapper script to move files into my webroot with git. Everything is working fine except for the chmod and chown ...
0
votes
2answers
172 views

Files created by 'make' aren't getting executable permissions by default

I'm trying to build a project, and when I use the command make, I get the following errors: /bin/sh: line 4: .deps/ipset_bitmap_ipmac.Tpo: Permission denied make[2]: *** [ipset_bitmap_ipmac.lo] Error ...
1
vote
1answer
136 views

Able to delete file without permission [duplicate]

I've been experimenting with file permissions and ownership lately, and I tried this: touch a sudo chown root:root a sudo chmod 000 a I can't read, write, or execute the file, but I can still ...
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votes
1answer
97 views

Why is ./filename required to run executable script? [duplicate]

After creating a Python script file, test.py, in my home directory, and running chmod +x test.py to make it executable, and placing #!usr/bin/env as the file header, I expected to be able to run the ...
5
votes
2answers
289 views

Is it possible to represent the +X symbolic permission with an octal value?

Is it possible to represent the +X symbolic permission with an octal value? The chmod(1) man page says: execute/search only if the file is a directory or already has execute permission for some ...
2
votes
1answer
4k views

script failing with “chmod: … Operation not permitted”

A script of mine works fine when I run it, but fails when run by a different user, with an error of the form chmod: changing permissions of `/A/B/C/D/E': Operation not permitted (Here /A/B/C/D/E is ...
1
vote
2answers
413 views

How to make a path world-readable?

To make some item X world-readable, it is not enough for it to have the right permissions: each component of the absolute path leading to it must also have the right permissions. (My understanding, ...
1
vote
2answers
596 views

chmod wont work - no error message

Everytime I try to change the permissions of a file with chmod on my Ubuntu with a command like chmod 744 /media/DATEN/Dokumente/Coding/Python/DirFileFuncts.py it doesnt work. I tried octal and =rwx ...
1
vote
1answer
933 views

Allow all group members to create directories and files

There are 2 users sftp_user apache Both users belong to the updaters group as well as other groups. New directories and files are created in the /updates/ directory. drwxrwsr-x 8 sftp updaters ...
1
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0answers
139 views

External HDD read/write permission changing from a cron job

So, I run an overnight python script that runs a backup of our web data in the /var/www directory, then moves the backups to an external HDD in /media. The script in scheduled in the sudo crontab ...
3
votes
2answers
4k views

Why does “chmod 1777” and “chmod 3777” both set the sticky bit?

To set the sticky bit on a directory, why do the commands chmod 1777 and chmod 3777 both work?
1
vote
1answer
99 views

Securely running LAMP under a specific user

I'm setting up a sandbox type of server that will be used by a couple users as a development environment and knowledge base. The server will have a web frontend so I've installed Apache, MySQL and ...
3
votes
1answer
154 views

Change who is able to chmod

Is there a way to change who can chmod (change the permissions of) a particular file? It is only the owner of the file (without sudo-ing it), if my experimentation has been correct? But what I want ...
2
votes
1answer
279 views

What does it mean if a directory has only x (executable) permission for certain user/group?

I stumbled across the directory /etc/ssl/private on Ubuntu (12.04), it has following permission: drwx--x--- 2 root ssl-cert 4096 7月 8 2012 private/ I wonder what does this mean for group ...
0
votes
1answer
236 views

Unable to change file permissions [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: No effect of umask and chmod on mounted drives I am not able to change file permissions using chmod from the user who owns the file as well as from root. I am using ...
4
votes
1answer
485 views

Clear setuid permission using numeric mode

On an Ubuntu Linux I have a directory with the setuid bit set (drwsr-xr-x) which I want to unset. Neither chmod 755 nor chmod 0755 nor chmod 00755 (I though maybe the first 0 is interpreted as just ...
1
vote
2answers
786 views

Fedora 14 command line: assign folder permissions

How can I assign folder permissions in Fedora 14 using the command line? I'd like to give read/write/execute permissions to : 2 users (tom, jim) to the folder /Home/Share 1 group (employees) to the ...
2
votes
1answer
361 views

Hide parent directory but allow to view dir

I would like the following result on my UNIX system: ls -l /users/test -> permission denied, or any other way so I can't see the content of it. ls -l /users/test/testdir/ -> shows all files in the ...
5
votes
1answer
2k views

what is the difference between “chmod 775” and “chmod 2755”?

Question What is the difference between "chmod 775" and "chmod 2755" ?
6
votes
4answers
3k views

When does chmod fail?

Under what circumstances will chmod fail? I looked at the man page but it only specifies usage and doesn't go into details about what circumstances it won't work in. I'd assume chmod will work if: ...
3
votes
1answer
171 views

How to create a folder which will change its contents’ ownership to what the folder has?

In a GNU/Linux OS there is no way to change ownership of a file until you are root. But what if I want to hide my system’s username e.g. before sending a file to someone, because some things like tar ...
4
votes
1answer
1k views

copying device nodes

I'm trying to transfer a working Linux installation to a new larger disk, so I've attached the new disk on a USB port, partitioned it and created filesystems. While copying all the files over I hit a ...