Questions that deal with various representations of characters & character sets, such as: ASCII, UTF-8, EBCDIC, among others. Often encountered when moving files between operating systems that encode new lines with carriage returns and/or newline characters.

learn more… | top users | synonyms

0
votes
1answer
85 views

jumbled character set

In my Linux env, for some unknown! reason when I process a raw unformatted file which I copied from Win7prof (was encoded in utf-16), the resulting file is all jumbled. It will print OK in Linux ...
2
votes
1answer
14 views

What encoding am I using? $LANG doesn't have an encoding

It seems like typically: echo $LANG results in something like this: en_US.UTF-8 What encoding is used when the result does not specify an encoding? echo $LANG en_US How do I figure out ...
0
votes
0answers
18 views

iconv adding redundant Shift-in 0x0F

we are using the below command to convert the codepage from utf8 to cp935 iconv filename -f utf8 -t Cp935 > out.filename the end file will be in Cp935 encoding for Chinese. At times this ...
2
votes
3answers
525 views

Why are file names surrounded with “â” sign?

After adding alias rm='rm -i' to my ~/.bashrc file (because, when I removed a file, it wasn't asking for confirmation), file names are surrounded with "â" signs as in the example below: rm: cannot ...
2
votes
1answer
145 views

UTF-8 not working over SSH

I have configured my terminal on OSX to show emoji properly. When I open up a terminal I can type and see emoji properly. My locale settings for OSX are shown below. When I start a tmux session it ...
3
votes
2answers
1k views

Check files for conventions

I need a script that checks and lists all text files for project conventions. With conventions I mean for example: UTF-8 encoding No trailing white spaces Newline at the end of file No not-ascii ...
1
vote
1answer
341 views

Unix command to convert character encoding in a .csv file

I need a Unix command to convert a .csv file that is in UNICODE format to ANSI format. The file is imported from the Cognos environment and I am unable to make any changes with the format in cognos ...
2
votes
1answer
58 views

Running grep for a string with non-rendering characters

So I have a log.txt files which I can search in Notepad++ on Windows, however due to the sheer number of them, I'd like to be able to run grep on them. However, the data is formatted with ...
1
vote
1answer
246 views

Rename files with non-utf8 characters using detox

I am trying to use detox in the following way detox -s utf_8-only -r -v -n to detect invalid filenames on my system. The command performs mostly ok. Unfortunately it falsely detects also German ...
4
votes
3answers
1k views

“mv” file with garbled name by inode number?

I have several files with encoding issues in their file names (German umlauts, burned on CD with Windows, read by Windows and synced to Linux with Seafile. Something, somewhere went wrong...). Bash ...
2
votes
3answers
7k views

Converting a UTF-8 file to ASCII (best-effort)

I have a file in UTF-8 that contains texts in multiple languages. A lot of it are people's names. I need to convert it to ASCII and I need the result to look as decent as possible. There are many ...
3
votes
3answers
3k views

How to convert unknown-8bit file to utf8

I have a .srt file that displays as gibberish when I open it in gEdit in ubuntu. So I want to convert it to utf8 to be able to read it. When I try to figure out what the encoding it give: file -i ...
3
votes
1answer
152 views

How to use grep with files in arbitrary encoding, without locale installed and without sudo?

I have utf-8 locale on my computer, and i want to search in KOI8-R encoded files. But i don't have KOI8-R locale installed. And i don't have sudo rights to install this locale. Is it possible to ...
21
votes
3answers
6k views

Understanding Unix file name encoding

I have a hard time understanding how the file name encoding works. On unix.SE I find contradicting explanations. File names are stored as characters To quote another answer: Several questions about ...
6
votes
3answers
1k views

Convert an ASCII file with octal escapes for UTF-8 codes to UTF-8

I have a text file which is an ASCII file itself, but contains octal escape sequences representing codes in utf-8: \350\207\252\345\212\250\346\216 Is there some program or command that can ...
5
votes
1answer
542 views

Untar filenames in a character encoding different from encoding used in the filesystem

I occasionally get tarballs where the filenames are encoded in ISO-8859-1 or some other pre-Unicode scheme. My system uses UTF-8, so when I untar these archives with the usual options (tar xvf ...
0
votes
0answers
33 views

Polish–Vietnamese mojibake in a .txt file, using LibreOffice, mousepad, and vim

I have a trouble with some .txt file. When I try open it with mousepad, vim or LibreOffice Writer in every case some Polish letters are changing to another, incorrectly (i.e. correct char ś and ć are ...
1
vote
3answers
6k views

AddDefaultCharset ISO-8859-1 not work

I have upgrade Apache from 2.2 to 2.4 and I am having problems with character encoding. In my pages I have è=è ò=ò ì=ì etc... In my httpd.conf I have commented the default value and added ...
21
votes
5answers
3k views

Generating a random password; why isn't this portable?

I want to generate a random password, and am doing it like so: </dev/urandom tr -dc [:print:] | head -c 64 On my laptop, which runs Ubuntu, this produces only printable characters, as intended. ...
4
votes
4answers
585 views

Prevent tail from modifying the charset of the terminal

In a Linux terminal (CentOS) I am using the command tail --follow=name my-rolling-file.log in order to see the logs of my application. Sometimes in the log there is some binary data dumped (I dump ...
3
votes
2answers
148 views

How to search and replace dual characters by Unicode single characters in a garbled file?

I have a very long text file in french language that I need to clean up. The non ASCII characters have been replaced by combination of odd characters. As an example, the following content : passer de ...
2
votes
1answer
213 views

Encoding problem on aix system when logging using log4j2

I am using log4j2 to log message on aix system. In log when I use command less I can see: ...|LU?N ...|NOV�K ...|ZEM�NEK when I copy same file on my ubunty system and use same program I can see: ...
2
votes
2answers
924 views

view file containing DOS text (box-drawing characters, CRLF line terminators) and escape sequences

I have stumbled upon a strange text file in an archive of an old dos game downloaded from some abandonware site. The text file is named WHY_NOT.TXT. I assume the file is some sort of .NFO file from ...
3
votes
0answers
99 views

Get consistent encoding for all files in directory

I have a directory containing lots of csv files from various vendors with two different encodings: ASCII Text / UTF-8 UCS2 / UTF-16 little endian I'd like to use grep, awk, sed and other utilities ...
28
votes
3answers
20k views

What charset encoding is used for filenames and paths on Linux?

Does it depend on what file system I use? For example, ext2/ext3/ext4 but also what happens when I insert one of those "joliet" CD-ROMs with ISO 9660? I've heard that POSIX contains some sort of spec ...
0
votes
0answers
227 views

Nothing helps Gnome Terminal to not default to ANSI_x3.4-1968

I would really like gnome-terminal to default to a UTF-8 encoding, but whatever I do, I can't get it to do it. I don't have sudo access, so I cannot edit /etc/environment. I'm on a university-managed ...
32
votes
5answers
25k views

Filtering invalid utf8

I have a text file in an unknown or mixed encoding. I want to see the lines that contain a byte sequence that is not valid UTF-8 (by piping the text file into some program). Equivalently, I want to ...
1
vote
1answer
309 views

Special characters in a web feed

I am running a script to check my gmail from the command line and display the first 35 characters in the title. curl -u username:password --silent "https://mail.google.com/mail/feed/atom" | \ grep ...
-1
votes
1answer
80 views

Usefulness of --from-code in command iconv

Is the --from-code option of the iconv command useful (http://man7.org/linux/man-pages/man3/iconv.3.html)? I mean, I don't see any difference if I specify this parameter (--from-code 'iso-8859-1' or ...
4
votes
1answer
129 views

Gedit displays text, but cat tells a different story

I am trying to sort a dictionary from Grady Ward's Moby and have encountered a bit of a problem. When I open it in gedit, I get: abaca×N abaciscus×N abacist×N aback×v abacli×p Abaco×N abactinal×A ...
0
votes
1answer
332 views

LMDE2 / MATE locale charset inconsistency

I have a machine with Linux Mint Debian Edition 2 "Betsy" (installed as RC, with all available updates applied) and MATE desktop environment. My problem is that in some applications special characters ...
1
vote
1answer
97 views

How to format password using SCP

I'm currently writing a Script to upload files to my server via SCP. I have the following line: sshpass -p password!% scp -P 1234 ./test.text user@mydyndns:~/test.txt But everytime I try that I ...
1
vote
0answers
33 views

Understanding script and font relation (character-map)

When I use charactermap, I found that if I change font, only Latin script changes. Character by all other scripts sounds independent with change in font! So, I want to know what is relationship ...
0
votes
0answers
44 views

Searching text data in Hebrew, Arabic or Aramaic

How can I search for a (sub-)string in a database that has several languages, including Hebrew? I am assuming that the text being right-to-left is a question of the presentation, but the logical ...
6
votes
2answers
3k views

Can vim display ASCII characters only, and treat other bytes as binary data?

I already know vim -b, however, depending on the locale used, it displays multi-byte characters (like UTF-8) as single letters. How can I ask vim to only display ASCII printable characters, and ...
1
vote
1answer
101 views

Can not get the file names with convmv

I have just uploaded some files on a FreeBSD server. Some files have the ??? into their names. The files came from a windows machine, so I try this: $ convmv -f cp850 -t utf-8 * Starting a dry run ...
2
votes
1answer
56 views

Cyrillic file names broken after upgrading Slackware

After upgrading glibc and some other libraries on Slackware instead of cyrillic names I see the garbage: | Was before | Is now | |------------+------------------| | Вождение | ...
4
votes
1answer
220 views

weird output when typing letter c in shell (non english input)

I had keyboard set to Georgian language input. Forgot to switch it back to English and typed letter c in shell. c = ც english c key is mapped to georgian letter ც - if this makes any difference. ...
28
votes
2answers
981 views

find(1): how is the star wildcard implemented for it to fail on some filenames?

In a file system where filenames are in UTF-8, I have a file with a faulty name; it is displayed as: D�sinstaller, actual name according to zsh: D$'\351'sinstaller, Latin1 for Désinstaller, itself a ...
2
votes
1answer
203 views

Convert TeX accents to UTF-8 in Python

edit below First of all, I am quite sure this is a duplicated question. But I have no idea how to search for it. I spent quite a long time already. I am reading with python from a .txt file the path ...
0
votes
1answer
106 views

make `tar` archive from NTFS with non-ascii file names

Loaded a live disk into a Windows based machine with NTFS files. Being a Linux user for some years, using tar came to my mind instantly and made some backup archives from partitions and stored them ...
12
votes
2answers
7k views

Convert a .docx to a .pdf with pandoc

I am trying to convert a .docx received by mail to a correct pdf by using pandoc (I am using GNU/Linux). I have an error concerning characters encoding : $ pandoc file.docx -o file.pdf pandoc: ...
0
votes
1answer
44 views

Error not found [closed]

I wrote this script to encode / encrypt data from a sql query by changing the names of tables and fields (I played on the ASCII character codes). #! /bin/bash chr() { [ "$1" -lt 256 ] || return 1 ...
1
vote
4answers
851 views

How to recognize which ASCII character in hex is this?

We have a textfile that we want to clear from "bad" characters. If we open it with vim (with ":set number"): 57000044 zo¥<9a>¥ge¥o¥graph¥i¥cal¥ly 39999999 pariá¹<83>Å<9b>a The ...
1
vote
1answer
247 views

cp: cannot stat error - when filename has Asian characters

I am simply trying to copy files using cp -r /home/user/source/ /home/user/destination/ but it throws me the cp: cannot stat /source/filename.xxx error for some of the files. When I searched for this ...
0
votes
2answers
2k views

iconv cannot convert given characters

I just wanted to convert a txt file to UTF-8, since cat displays it correctly, but vi or gedit doesn't: $ cat test.txt ># >‹ | || ° ├── └── _ __ $ iconv -f WINDOWS-1253 -t UTF-8 test.txt ...
8
votes
2answers
8k views

tr complains of “Illegal byte sequence”

I'm brand new to UNIX and I am using Kirk McElhearn's "The Mac OS X Command Line" to teach myself some commands. I am attempting to use tr and grep so that I can search for text strings in a regular ...
2
votes
1answer
496 views

Question marks instead of national letters in console

I have Netgear Stora MS2000 (which uses a modified version of Red Hat) and have strange font issues while connecting by SSH. Note that this occurs both when connecting by PuTTY from Windows and by ...
1
vote
2answers
96 views

How to only leave in given characters in a file?

Purpose: tr -cd '\12\40-\176' but with accents, ex.: á, í, ű, ő, ö, ü, ű, ú, ó, é. In octal: "á" is 341 "\n" is 12 So I tried: [user@notebook ~]$ printf 'XXXá\nXXX' | tr -cd '\12\341' | ...
1
vote
1answer
139 views

How do I edit text in Cyrillic / Russian on OpenBSD?

I'm trying to make it possible to easily edit text in Cyrillic / Russian on a remote OpenBSD 5.2 amd64. I'm using emacs-21.4p18-no_x11, which doesn't show any Cyrillic characters whatsoever when I ...