Questions that deal with various representations of characters & character sets, such as: ASCII, UTF-8, EBCDIC, among others. Often encountered when moving files between operating systems that encode new lines with carriage returns and/or newline characters.

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2
votes
1answer
135 views

UTF-8 not working over SSH

I have configured my terminal on OSX to show emoji properly. When I open up a terminal I can type and see emoji properly. My locale settings for OSX are shown below. When I start a tmux session it ...
3
votes
2answers
1k views

Check files for conventions

I need a script that checks and lists all text files for project conventions. With conventions I mean for example: UTF-8 encoding No trailing white spaces Newline at the end of file No not-ascii ...
1
vote
1answer
280 views

Unix command to convert character encoding in a .csv file

I need a Unix command to convert a .csv file that is in UNICODE format to ANSI format. The file is imported from the Cognos environment and I am unable to make any changes with the format in cognos ...
2
votes
1answer
56 views

Running grep for a string with non-rendering characters

So I have a log.txt files which I can search in Notepad++ on Windows, however due to the sheer number of them, I'd like to be able to run grep on them. However, the data is formatted with ...
1
vote
1answer
237 views

Rename files with non-utf8 characters using detox

I am trying to use detox in the following way detox -s utf_8-only -r -v -n to detect invalid filenames on my system. The command performs mostly ok. Unfortunately it falsely detects also German ...
4
votes
3answers
1k views

“mv” file with garbled name by inode number?

I have several files with encoding issues in their file names (German umlauts, burned on CD with Windows, read by Windows and synced to Linux with Seafile. Something, somewhere went wrong...). Bash ...
2
votes
3answers
6k views

Converting a UTF-8 file to ASCII (best-effort)

I have a file in UTF-8 that contains texts in multiple languages. A lot of it are people's names. I need to convert it to ASCII and I need the result to look as decent as possible. There are many ...
3
votes
3answers
3k views

How to convert unknown-8bit file to utf8

I have a .srt file that displays as gibberish when I open it in gEdit in ubuntu. So I want to convert it to utf8 to be able to read it. When I try to figure out what the encoding it give: file -i ...
3
votes
1answer
137 views

How to use grep with files in arbitrary encoding, without locale installed and without sudo?

I have utf-8 locale on my computer, and i want to search in KOI8-R encoded files. But i don't have KOI8-R locale installed. And i don't have sudo rights to install this locale. Is it possible to ...
21
votes
3answers
6k views

Understanding Unix file name encoding

I have a hard time understanding how the file name encoding works. On unix.SE I find contradicting explanations. File names are stored as characters To quote another answer: Several questions about ...
6
votes
3answers
989 views

Convert an ASCII file with octal escapes for UTF-8 codes to UTF-8

I have a text file which is an ASCII file itself, but contains octal escape sequences representing codes in utf-8: \350\207\252\345\212\250\346\216 Is there some program or command that can ...
5
votes
1answer
493 views

Untar filenames in a character encoding different from encoding used in the filesystem

I occasionally get tarballs where the filenames are encoded in ISO-8859-1 or some other pre-Unicode scheme. My system uses UTF-8, so when I untar these archives with the usual options (tar xvf ...
0
votes
0answers
31 views

Polish–Vietnamese mojibake in a .txt file, using LibreOffice, mousepad, and vim

I have a trouble with some .txt file. When I try open it with mousepad, vim or LibreOffice Writer in every case some Polish letters are changing to another, incorrectly (i.e. correct char ś and ć are ...
1
vote
3answers
5k views

AddDefaultCharset ISO-8859-1 not work

I have upgrade Apache from 2.2 to 2.4 and I am having problems with character encoding. In my pages I have è=è ò=ò ì=ì etc... In my httpd.conf I have commented the default value and added ...
21
votes
5answers
3k views

Generating a random password; why isn't this portable?

I want to generate a random password, and am doing it like so: </dev/urandom tr -dc [:print:] | head -c 64 On my laptop, which runs Ubuntu, this produces only printable characters, as intended. ...
4
votes
4answers
554 views

Prevent tail from modifying the charset of the terminal

In a Linux terminal (CentOS) I am using the command tail --follow=name my-rolling-file.log in order to see the logs of my application. Sometimes in the log there is some binary data dumped (I dump ...
3
votes
2answers
143 views

How to search and replace dual characters by Unicode single characters in a garbled file?

I have a very long text file in french language that I need to clean up. The non ASCII characters have been replaced by combination of odd characters. As an example, the following content : passer de ...
2
votes
1answer
191 views

Encoding problem on aix system when logging using log4j2

I am using log4j2 to log message on aix system. In log when I use command less I can see: ...|LU?N ...|NOV�K ...|ZEM�NEK when I copy same file on my ubunty system and use same program I can see: ...
2
votes
2answers
914 views

view file containing DOS text (box-drawing characters, CRLF line terminators) and escape sequences

I have stumbled upon a strange text file in an archive of an old dos game downloaded from some abandonware site. The text file is named WHY_NOT.TXT. I assume the file is some sort of .NFO file from ...
3
votes
0answers
95 views

Get consistent encoding for all files in directory

I have a directory containing lots of csv files from various vendors with two different encodings: ASCII Text / UTF-8 UCS2 / UTF-16 little endian I'd like to use grep, awk, sed and other utilities ...
27
votes
3answers
20k views

What charset encoding is used for filenames and paths on Linux?

Does it depend on what file system I use? For example, ext2/ext3/ext4 but also what happens when I insert one of those "joliet" CD-ROMs with ISO 9660? I've heard that POSIX contains some sort of spec ...
0
votes
0answers
219 views

Nothing helps Gnome Terminal to not default to ANSI_x3.4-1968

I would really like gnome-terminal to default to a UTF-8 encoding, but whatever I do, I can't get it to do it. I don't have sudo access, so I cannot edit /etc/environment. I'm on a university-managed ...
32
votes
5answers
24k views

Filtering invalid utf8

I have a text file in an unknown or mixed encoding. I want to see the lines that contain a byte sequence that is not valid UTF-8 (by piping the text file into some program). Equivalently, I want to ...
1
vote
1answer
305 views

Special characters in a web feed

I am running a script to check my gmail from the command line and display the first 35 characters in the title. curl -u username:password --silent "https://mail.google.com/mail/feed/atom" | \ grep ...
-1
votes
1answer
78 views

Usefulness of --from-code in command iconv

Is the --from-code option of the iconv command useful (http://man7.org/linux/man-pages/man3/iconv.3.html)? I mean, I don't see any difference if I specify this parameter (--from-code 'iso-8859-1' or ...
4
votes
1answer
122 views

Gedit displays text, but cat tells a different story

I am trying to sort a dictionary from Grady Ward's Moby and have encountered a bit of a problem. When I open it in gedit, I get: abaca×N abaciscus×N abacist×N aback×v abacli×p Abaco×N abactinal×A ...
0
votes
1answer
316 views

LMDE2 / MATE locale charset inconsistency

I have a machine with Linux Mint Debian Edition 2 "Betsy" (installed as RC, with all available updates applied) and MATE desktop environment. My problem is that in some applications special characters ...
1
vote
1answer
92 views

How to format password using SCP

I'm currently writing a Script to upload files to my server via SCP. I have the following line: sshpass -p password!% scp -P 1234 ./test.text user@mydyndns:~/test.txt But everytime I try that I ...
1
vote
0answers
30 views

Understanding script and font relation (character-map)

When I use charactermap, I found that if I change font, only Latin script changes. Character by all other scripts sounds independent with change in font! So, I want to know what is relationship ...
0
votes
0answers
42 views

Searching text data in Hebrew, Arabic or Aramaic

How can I search for a (sub-)string in a database that has several languages, including Hebrew? I am assuming that the text being right-to-left is a question of the presentation, but the logical ...
6
votes
2answers
3k views

Can vim display ASCII characters only, and treat other bytes as binary data?

I already know vim -b, however, depending on the locale used, it displays multi-byte characters (like UTF-8) as single letters. How can I ask vim to only display ASCII printable characters, and ...
1
vote
1answer
98 views

Can not get the file names with convmv

I have just uploaded some files on a FreeBSD server. Some files have the ??? into their names. The files came from a windows machine, so I try this: $ convmv -f cp850 -t utf-8 * Starting a dry run ...
2
votes
1answer
55 views

Cyrillic file names broken after upgrading Slackware

After upgrading glibc and some other libraries on Slackware instead of cyrillic names I see the garbage: | Was before | Is now | |------------+------------------| | Вождение | ...
4
votes
1answer
213 views

weird output when typing letter c in shell (non english input)

I had keyboard set to Georgian language input. Forgot to switch it back to English and typed letter c in shell. c = ც english c key is mapped to georgian letter ც - if this makes any difference. ...
28
votes
2answers
965 views

find(1): how is the star wildcard implemented for it to fail on some filenames?

In a file system where filenames are in UTF-8, I have a file with a faulty name; it is displayed as: D�sinstaller, actual name according to zsh: D$'\351'sinstaller, Latin1 for Désinstaller, itself a ...
2
votes
1answer
196 views

Convert TeX accents to UTF-8 in Python

edit below First of all, I am quite sure this is a duplicated question. But I have no idea how to search for it. I spent quite a long time already. I am reading with python from a .txt file the path ...
0
votes
1answer
101 views

make `tar` archive from NTFS with non-ascii file names

Loaded a live disk into a Windows based machine with NTFS files. Being a Linux user for some years, using tar came to my mind instantly and made some backup archives from partitions and stored them ...
11
votes
2answers
7k views

Convert a .docx to a .pdf with pandoc

I am trying to convert a .docx received by mail to a correct pdf by using pandoc (I am using GNU/Linux). I have an error concerning characters encoding : $ pandoc file.docx -o file.pdf pandoc: ...
0
votes
1answer
44 views

Error not found [closed]

I wrote this script to encode / encrypt data from a sql query by changing the names of tables and fields (I played on the ASCII character codes). #! /bin/bash chr() { [ "$1" -lt 256 ] || return 1 ...
1
vote
4answers
813 views

How to recognize which ASCII character in hex is this?

We have a textfile that we want to clear from "bad" characters. If we open it with vim (with ":set number"): 57000044 zo¥<9a>¥ge¥o¥graph¥i¥cal¥ly 39999999 pariá¹<83>Å<9b>a The ...
1
vote
1answer
237 views

cp: cannot stat error - when filename has Asian characters

I am simply trying to copy files using cp -r /home/user/source/ /home/user/destination/ but it throws me the cp: cannot stat /source/filename.xxx error for some of the files. When I searched for this ...
0
votes
2answers
2k views

iconv cannot convert given characters

I just wanted to convert a txt file to UTF-8, since cat displays it correctly, but vi or gedit doesn't: $ cat test.txt ># >‹ | || ° ├── └── _ __ $ iconv -f WINDOWS-1253 -t UTF-8 test.txt ...
8
votes
2answers
8k views

tr complains of “Illegal byte sequence”

I'm brand new to UNIX and I am using Kirk McElhearn's "The Mac OS X Command Line" to teach myself some commands. I am attempting to use tr and grep so that I can search for text strings in a regular ...
2
votes
1answer
463 views

Question marks instead of national letters in console

I have Netgear Stora MS2000 (which uses a modified version of Red Hat) and have strange font issues while connecting by SSH. Note that this occurs both when connecting by PuTTY from Windows and by ...
1
vote
2answers
94 views

How to only leave in given characters in a file?

Purpose: tr -cd '\12\40-\176' but with accents, ex.: á, í, ű, ő, ö, ü, ű, ú, ó, é. In octal: "á" is 341 "\n" is 12 So I tried: [user@notebook ~]$ printf 'XXXá\nXXX' | tr -cd '\12\341' | ...
1
vote
1answer
131 views

How do I edit text in Cyrillic / Russian on OpenBSD?

I'm trying to make it possible to easily edit text in Cyrillic / Russian on a remote OpenBSD 5.2 amd64. I'm using emacs-21.4p18-no_x11, which doesn't show any Cyrillic characters whatsoever when I ...
1
vote
1answer
91 views

Any way to interpret pstree?

-bash-3.2$ pstree 29838 RBcron.shâââjavaâââ15*[{java}] -bash-3.2$ pstree 24423 bashââ¬âRBcron.shâââjavaâââ15*[{java}] ââvim -bash-3.2$ Any way to interpret this? Why would this happen?
4
votes
2answers
511 views

Characters visible in vi, but not in cat.

I have a 300 lines file with ^@ character between each characters in the file. (I cannot post the entire contents for security reasons, so I am pasting only the first line) [mercury@app01 ftp_logs]$ ...
13
votes
1answer
800 views

Command to retrieve the list of characters in a given character class in the current locale

What could be way to retrieve a list of all the characters in a given character class (like blank, alpha, digit...) in the current locale. For instance, LC_ALL=en_GB.UTF-8 that-command blank ...
1
vote
1answer
319 views

script to parse integer and convert it to char code

I am noob on Unix. I've a very unique problem where and really appreciate your help. I need to parse string containing hash code value and convert the hash code is equivalent char representation. Here ...