Questions specific to the CentOS Linux distribution. Use this tag if your question relates to how the CentOS distribution affects your problem; do not use it if you just happen to be using CentOS and your question is about a specific configuration detail or syntax.

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4
votes
2answers
6k views

Using Awesome window manager on CentOS 7

Awesome works fine on Fedora 19, so it should work on CentOS 7, right? Well, I tried and failed to get it to work. After a long time, I managed to compile it from source and set GDM to boot from an ...
7
votes
2answers
4k views

Why is there a discrepancy in disk usage reported by df and du? [duplicate]

I have a Linux(CentOS) server, the OS+packages used around 5GB. Then, I transferred 97GB data from a Windows server to two folders on this Linux server, after calculated the disk usage, I see the ...
21
votes
2answers
18k views

How to colorize output of ls ?

I'm running CentOS in Linux text mode. When I run the command ls /usr/, the output is too hard to read (dark blue on black). How can I change the text coloring?
4
votes
1answer
5k views

Rename All Files with a Certain Name

I'm trying to find certain files with the name "stringx" and replace the name (but not the extension) with "stringy". So basically for stringx.txt and stingx.cs, I'd want stringy.txt and stringy.cs. ...
30
votes
5answers
24k views

How can I limit the bandwidth used by a process?

I have a CentOS 5.7 server that will be backing up its files nightly. I am concerned that visitors to the various sites that the server hosts will experience degraded performance while the backup is ...
7
votes
3answers
8k views

Moved bin and other folders! How to get them back?

I accidentally moved all folders from root to a subfolder. (/bin, /etc, /home, /lib, /usr... all moved) The only ones that were not moved, since they were in use, are /bak, /boot, /dev, /proc, /sys. ...
5
votes
4answers
14k views

What are the different ways that a message can be displayed to a bash shell after a user logs in?

I have a CentOS 5.7 VPS using bash as its shell that displays a branded greeting immediately after logging in via SSH. I've been trying to modify it, but can't seem to find where it is in the usual ...
22
votes
6answers
49k views

CentOS no network interface after installation in VirtualBox

I have Ubuntu 12.10 on which i installed virtual box on which I setup centos 6.4 i386. On Ubuntu I have: 3.5.0-17-generic kernal running. On virtual box I install centos 6.4 and everything works ...
7
votes
1answer
6k views

How to download a file from repo, and install it later w/o internet connection?

Assuming that I want to install a program called leafpad later. Currently the only way to install it is via: yum install leafpad -y but I want to save this and install it later without internet ...
3
votes
2answers
936 views

Commands for determining level of usage of server

I am scripting a new program that will connect to a cluster of machines in a VM park, and hopefully check their level of usage. The VM clients are a combination of RHEL and CentOS, and runs on ...
51
votes
2answers
236k views

How to install Desktop Environments on CentOS 7?

I have recently installed CentOS 7(Minimal Install without GUI) and now I want to install a GUI environment in it. How can I install Desktop Environments on previously installed CentOS7 without ...
15
votes
1answer
83k views

CentOS - install using yum Apache 2.4

I need Apache 2.4 in CentOS because with Apache 2.2 mod_proxy_wstunnel is not possible. I have tried this, but unfortunately its for RHEL. After installing, I can't execute the Apache 2.4. Can anyone ...
69
votes
11answers
112k views

Is CentOS exactly the same as RHEL?

I'm sure this question has been asked again and again elsewhere (I did not find anything specific to CentOS vs RHEL in SE), but I would still like to ask and confirm a few specific points. I am well ...
43
votes
7answers
147k views

How can I fix “cannot find a valid baseurl for repo” errors on CentOS?

I finished installing CentOS 6, but when I tried running yum update I got: [root@centos6test ~]# yum update Loaded plugins: fastestmirror, refresh-packagekit Determining fastest mirrors Could not ...
21
votes
5answers
156k views

How to create a FTP user with specific /dir/ access only on a Centos / linux installation

So I'm on a VPS - CentOS Linux installation. I have vsFTPd on the server. I currently have SFTP access to the server via my root user, but am now trying to create a new user with FTP access to a ...
19
votes
7answers
57k views

“Symbolic link not allowed or link target not accessible” / Apache on CentOS 6

I've got a brand new CentOS 6 installation, which has a symlink in the document root to my development files: [root@localhost html]# ls -l total 4 -rwxrwxrwx. 1 root root 0 Sep 18 20:16 index.html ...
21
votes
2answers
19k views

How display log messages from previous boots under CentOS 7?

Executing journalctl under a CentOS 7 system just prints messages generated after the last boot. The command # journalctl --boot=-1 prints Failed to look up boot -1: Cannot assign requested ...
5
votes
1answer
11k views

CentOS conservative governor, nice error

I changed my CentOS 6 CPU governor from ondemand (the default one) to conservative and got this after restarting the cpufreq service: /etc/rc5.d/S13cpuspeed: line 88: ...
5
votes
1answer
51k views

How to upgrade Apache 2.2.15 to 2.4.4 in CentOS

I want to upgrade Apache from 2.2.15 to 2.4.4 in CentOS. Do I need to download update files to a folder and update Apache? Is this even possible?
41
votes
2answers
75k views

CentOS 6 “Default” Installation Options

Can someone tell me the difference between a Desktop Install, a Basic Server install, and a Minimal Install? During installation, it doesn't give a description and I can't find documentation on it ...
4
votes
2answers
21k views

Set Static IP in CentOS 6.4?

Most guides seem to revolve around modifying ifcfg-eth0, which doesn't exist on my system.. [root@Azaz07]# vi /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-eth0 [root@Azaz07]# ls ...
5
votes
4answers
19k views

Whitelist IP's in CentOS 7

I want to setup CentOS 7 firewall such that, all the incoming requests will be blocked except from the originating IP's that I whitelist. And for the Whitelist IP's all the ports should be accessible. ...
7
votes
3answers
24k views

httpd cant write to folder/file because of selinux

Does anyone know which sebool it is to allow httpd write access to /home/user/html? When I disable selinux echo 0 > /selinux/enforce I can write, so definitely selinux. Just don't know which one is ...
9
votes
2answers
22k views

Windows boot option is missing after installing CentOS 7, how can I get it back?

I recently installed CentOS 7 on a machine that has been running Windows 7. I did a dual boot installation and installed CentOS in a partition. But when I boot up my machine, it only gives me two ...
7
votes
3answers
5k views

What does it mean to be in group 0?

Several users in a system I inherited have their group set to 0 in /etc/passwd. What does that mean? Do they essentially get full root privileges? The system is running CentOS 5, and the users ...
7
votes
6answers
27k views

How do I upgrade OpenSSL?

According to these instructions: http://wiki.apache.org/httpd/NameBasedSSLVHostsWithSNI I need to use OpenSSL 0.9.8k or later (right now it's on 1.0.0c) to use name based virtual hosts in apache. ...
3
votes
4answers
11k views

Fastest RDP client on linux

I currently use KRDC on CentOS, but mouse pointer is a little slow and I'm sure that this is not caused by my internet line speed, because the windows RDP client works and everything is fine. Which ...
4
votes
2answers
10k views

Use inotifywait to move file when it loads in dropbox folder

I'm trying to find a way to immediately move a file to another folder as soon as it appears in my dropbox on CentOS. I have scoured the internet for some clues but I can't get any further than the ...
3
votes
3answers
19k views

How to auto type password for SCP or SFTP to automate it?

I have script where I put scp command to backup file to other server. But when it runs it asking to type password. Is there way to automate this? I am using CentOS 5.6. I have seen few guides they use ...
1
vote
1answer
110 views

Saving process output to a file in systemd unit file

I created a systemd file unit (Centos 7) and I wanted to save the Python output to a file but the service won't start with the below code. [root@static ~]# cat /etc/systemd/system/pykms.service ...
19
votes
5answers
21k views

How to find out if a system uses SysV, Upstart or Systemd initsystem [duplicate]

Is there a simple way to find out which initsystem is being used e.g by a recent Debian wheezy or Fedora system? I'm aware that Fedora 21 uses systemd initsystem but that is because I read that and ...
22
votes
2answers
24k views

CentOS: List the installed RPMs by date of installation/update?

I'm on a CentOS machine. I updated and installed some packages a few weeks back, but I don't remember the name of every package or the names of every dependency. I used yum. Can I list the packages ...
9
votes
1answer
4k views

How to shrink root filesystem without booting a livecd

I find myself needing to rearrange a system's partitions to move data previously under the root filesystem into dedicated mount points. The volumes are all in LVM, so this is relatively easy: create ...
5
votes
1answer
56k views

How can I create an SFTP user in CentOS?

I'd like to give temporary SFTP access to a support guy. How do I create an SFTP user? And how can I delete it once the job is done? Also, how do I specify a home directory for them? Can I prevent ...
13
votes
3answers
38k views

I Can't login as root with su command, but I can with SSH

How is it possible that I cannot log in as root by su root or su (I get incorrect password error), but I can log in by ssh root@localhost or ssh root@my_local_IP with the same password? I'm using ...
7
votes
3answers
38k views

PHP 5.5.13 on CentOS 6.5 with yum

I've got problems with installing PHP 5.5.13 (last stable build) on a CentOS 6.5 (64 bit) machine, through yum. Can somebody guide me through this a little bit? It is not a part of the CentOS, EPEL ...
24
votes
4answers
90k views

Why the default eth0 interface is down by default on CentOS?

I am already a little bit familiar with Linux distros like Debian or Ubuntu (yeah, very similar) but I wanted to try Red Hat based - CentOS 6.2 . I have installed it on my Windows 7 host in virtualBox ...
11
votes
1answer
8k views

Configuring OpenVPN to use Firewalld instead of iptables on Centos 7

I need some help configuring OpenVPN on Centos 7 using firewalld. I used iptables on Centos 6.5 and only had to add the following lines to /etc/sysconfig/iptables: -A POSTROUTING -s "10.0.0.0/24" ...
10
votes
1answer
24k views

Installing fail2ban on CentOS 7

I am using @GarethTheRed 's answer to this question to install fail2ban on a remote CentOS 7 server. I am able to complete all the steps up until tail -f /var/log/fail2ban.log, at which point I get ...
11
votes
2answers
25k views

Equivalent of update-grub for RHEL/Fedora/CentOS systems?

In Ubuntu (and I guess in Debian too) there is a system script named update-grub which automatically executes grub-mkconfig -o with the correct path for the grub configuration file. Is there any ...
3
votes
1answer
2k views

Systemd kills service immediately after start

I'm writing systemd unit file for OSSEC HIDS. Problem is that when systemd starts service it immediately stops them. When I use that ExecStart directive all working fine. ...
1
vote
1answer
32k views

Uninstall JDK rpm to reinstall

Where do I find the JDK install to uninstall? @terdon had explained using an rpm type download so it would be easier to uninstall, but I cannot find it.
17
votes
7answers
6k views

Is there a difference of stability between Linux distros?

I've using Debian since 2010 for some home purposes and it has been stable. Is Debian still a good option if I need a server for heavy network, cpu, disk and memory usage? Last month I listened to ...
9
votes
3answers
17k views

How to install packages to a custom location in centos6

I have a shared location, let me call it /tp I want to install all my libraries and packages in this location just like the default install. Reason to do this is: I want all the users in the network ...
3
votes
1answer
1k views

Is there an easy way to check which program wrote to /var/log/messages?

Is there an easy way to check which program wrote to which file? I'd like to check which program wrote an error to /var/log/messages for example.
8
votes
2answers
10k views

When exactly does tmpwatch clear out files I place in /tmp?

CentOS 6.x I'm confused on when exactly files I place in /tmp/ are deleted. /etc/cron.daily/tmpwatch has the following: #! /bin/sh flags=-umc /usr/sbin/tmpwatch "$flags" -x /tmp/.X11-unix -x ...
8
votes
2answers
2k views

Is it possible to create a directory and file inside /proc/sys?

I am running CentOS 6.2 and I need to create a subdirectory named "crypto" inside /proc/sys. Inside /proc/sys/crypto, I need to create a file named test which contains the value "1". I have tried ...
7
votes
3answers
1k views

Why does the i386 version of software get installed on an x86_64 system?

Why does the i386 version of most software get installed, along with the x86_64 version, on a CentOS 64-bit system? # yum install php-xml Loaded plugins: fastestmirror Loading mirror speeds from ...
6
votes
3answers
6k views

How to execute a script on gdm login automatically for all users?

What file should I modify to execute some instructions when any user logs in through gdm? I tried /etc/bashrc but that is executed ony when starting bash (and each time an xterm is open). I'd like to ...
5
votes
3answers
3k views

SSH Login doesn't work using a key Without Password?

Agent admitted failure to sign using the key I'm working on centos6.5(32bit) and I have tried to ssh log in without Password Using ssh-keygen & ssh-copy-id? the steps that I have done: first I ...