C is a general-purpose computer programming language used for operating systems, games and other high performance work and is clearly distinct from C++. It was developed in 1972 by Dennis Ritchie for use with the Unix operating system.

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Cannot find -lgcc

I'm trying to compile my next basic c program after hello-world. This contains two supporting modules. I have Ubuntu running in a VM through VirtualBox on a mac. Everything is up to date but I ...
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3k views

Getting “cannot open shared object file: No such file or directory” error while run time

I have successfully compiled the file but now I am getting following errors export LD_LIBRARY_PATH=/opt/mcr/v717/sys/java/jre/glnxa64/jre/lib/amd64/server/:D_LIBRARY_PATH ./invoke ./invoke: error ...
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1answer
30 views

-fPIC Flag System-wide?

Position Independent Code means that the generated machine code is not dependent on being located at a specific address in order to work. and the jumps are relative. So is it OK to declare -fPIC ...
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1answer
103 views

How to compile manual files .1

I have .c, .h, and .1 files, how can I compile them together in one executable file. Everything clear with .c and .h files, but I have also .1 as I can see from the content it is used for manual, how ...
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2answers
135 views

How can I link my C program against the Arb library?

I tried to compile the program Testing Li’s criterion in Ubuntu. However, when I do gcc demo.c, I get the output as, demo.c:2:19: fatal error: fmpcb.h: No such file or directory #include "fmpcb.h" ...
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1answer
668 views

Linking a static library when compiling a C program

I'm linking *.a file with *.c file, so I have used the following command: gcc abc.c -l ad.a (here abc is the C source file and ad is the static library file) then after executing the following ...
3
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1answer
143 views

Read .desktop files programmatically [closed]

I would like to make a C program (GTK) that reads a .desktop file. The only thing I need from the .desktop file is the exec command. Is there something built into GTK that would allow me to interact ...
2
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2answers
150 views

assign output of a c program to a shell variable: token error

I have a shell script to run several times a .c program ('switch') which admit 3 input paramenters. I want to run the program 4 times passing values {4,16,32,64}, and for parameters ...
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2answers
3k views

How to check whether a process is daemon or not?

I have written a small daemon that starts at the boot time and does all the things perfectly like writing in the log file. But I want to know, how can we check whether that process is daemon or not? ...
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1answer
149 views

Linux [admin] How to test pivot_root?

I want to test the pivot_root command line, which moves the root file system of the current process to the directory put_old and makes new_root the new root file system. ...
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1answer
36 views

snd_rawmidi_open() waits forever - no error message

I am trying to use ALSA for MIDI purposes in C. My problem is, snd_rawmidi_open() sort of "crashes" (waits forever like a while loop) when using valuable arguments : #include <stdio.h> ...
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0answers
49 views

Make GNU indent break long comments

Is there a way to convince GNU indent to break long comment and change it to multiline comment? Something like this: // Very long comment, longer than 80 characters. Just imagine that. To this: /* ...
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2answers
1k views

Linux cannot compile without GCC optimizations; implications? [closed]

One can find several threads on the Internet such as this: http://www.gossamer-threads.com/lists/linux/kernel/972619 where people complain they cannot build Linux with -O0, and are told that this is ...
4
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1answer
159 views

How to compile programs on Linux systems when I don't have sudo privileges to install the dev dependencies [duplicate]

How should I go about compiling programs that depend on libraries whose development packages (headers and such) aren't pre-installed on the system when I don't have sudo access? In this particular ...
3
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1answer
363 views

How to create GUIs (such as menuconfig) with lxdialog

I try to generate a menuconfig by my own with the help of lxdialog (source: lxdialog). Unfortunately this is not so well documented as I wished for. Example: So what I did: I included these files ...
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0answers
46 views

CPUFreq Kernel module

I would like to try the CPUFreq module on my board (Marvell Soc based on ARMv7 running a v3.15 linux kernel). My architecture is obviously not supported by the default source code (located in the ...
6
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4answers
3k views

chdir(<directory>) doesn't change directory after exiting to shell

I wanted to make a simple C program to change to my project directory. Its content is as follows: #include <unistd.h> int main() { chdir("/home/enedil/projects/algo"); return 0; } I ...
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1answer
61 views

What are the disadvantages of uClibc?

I try to speed up my boot sequence, and somebody recommends to use the uClibc instead of Glibc. I've built an image with it, it gets smaller and faster to boot — but at which cost? Does anyone know ...
4
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1answer
218 views

How to programmatically retrieve the GID of a running process

I need to write some C code to check the effective GID of a running process whose PID I know. I've not found any direct way to do this. There are a number of heavyweight kludges I could use, such as ...
2
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1answer
1k views

what device name should I have to give in snd_pcm_open other than “default”

I want to record sound from 2 devices simultaneously: internal mic external usb webcam mic Using pulseaudio sound controller, I set either of these devices as default and could record sound with ...
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0answers
79 views

Limit program execution to a list of arguments

I would like that my Unix users can only run a specific command insecurecommand with a controlled list of arguments stored in a file. The only solution I have found at this time is to : Create a ...
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0answers
2k views

GTK3+ and C++ on OSX - “No GSettings schemas are installed” error

I'm trying to run a C++ example with GTK3+ and GStreamer components on OSX. I can gcc compile the source with: gcc -o basic5 basic-tutorial-5.c 'pkg-config --libs --cflags gstreamer-1.0 ...
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2answers
281 views

How does a parallelized Python program look with top command?

I work on a shared cluster. I've seen people run parallelized c code on this cluster which, when I use top to see what processes are running, are shown to be using (for example) 400% of the CPU, ...
2
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2answers
86 views

What is bitwise.c~? [duplicate]

I am new to Linux Debian and I am trying to made a program to experiment bitwise operators. The name of the program is bitwise.c Before compiling the program, I decided to look at the directory just ...
2
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1answer
763 views

closing the unwanted file descriptors

I am trying to understand how pipes work . This code snippet is from some website . So my understanding of the program goes like this : When we do pipe(fd) then fd[0]=3 and fd[0]=4 ( assuming only ...
3
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1answer
69 views

Is each process considered a thread?

Is a Linux process considered a thread? For example, if I write a simple c program that calls pthread_create to create a new thread in main(), does that mean that I now have 2 threads, one for ...
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0answers
254 views

How do I use ctags functionality in vim with cscope installed?

When I install cscope by adding the line Bundle 'chazy/cscope_maps to my .vimrc file, my tags menu (g+[) is replaced with a cscope list, which seems to contain a list of files where the tag is called, ...
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1answer
9k views

Default stack size for pthreads

As I understand, the default stack size for a pthread on Linux is 16K. I am getting strange results on my 64-bit Ubuntu install. $ ulimit -s 8192 Also pthread_attr_init(&attr); ...
0
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1answer
171 views

Difference between maximum resident set size as reported by /usr/bin/time vs. getrusage?

I ran the command a.out like this: $ /usr/bin/time -f"%M" ./a.out a.out also uses the function getrusage() and prints: printf("%ld",ru.ru_maxrss); where the first ru is the struct. When I run ...
11
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5answers
2k views

What is meant by “a system call” if not the implementation in the programing language?

I would like to understand the term "system call". I am familiar that system calls are used to get kernel services from a userspace application. The part i need clarification with is the difference ...
3
votes
1answer
909 views

ioctl: invalid argument for HDIO_GET_IDENTITY

I wrote a program to get the details of hard disk drive using HDIO_ ioctl calls. For writing program, I'm referring Documentation/ioctl/hdio.txt in kernel source(2.6.32). Here is my main part of ...
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1answer
74 views

How to get the authentication status from the last PAM module run

If I have the following PAM stack: auth required default_pam.so auth requisite my_custom_pam.so .... How do you obtain the authentication status from the last/previous PAM module run for use in ...
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1answer
248 views

Error: Missing newline before EOF - inserted

In my application I am inserting some files in main file. In that there is common header file to all the code files (*.c). This giving me error: D:\New folder\COM_Port_Cont\COM_Port_Task.h(268) : ...
22
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6answers
11k views

What C library version does my system use?

How can I tell for sure what userland C library my system uses? Possible reasons to need this information include: There's a gigantic source package I am considering downloading which I'm sure will ...
0
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1answer
209 views

libext2fs gcc linking error

I am writing a C program which uses libext2fs: #include <ext2fs/ext2fs.h> int main(int argc, char *argv[]) { char *fsname = argv[1]; errcode_t err; ext2_filsys fs; err= ...
6
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3answers
428 views

Are there “esoteric” (weird) but standards-compliant C compilers or runtimes?

As we know, the C standard does not specify a lot of details of the implementation, for example value of NULL pointer, order of bits and bytes (endiannes), alignment in structs and of stack ...
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1answer
151 views

Compile OS with gcc and ld on Linux

I'm practicing operating system development and am having trouble getting gcc and ld to produce pure binary without any metadata or section labels. For example: int function(){ return 100;} would ...
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0answers
271 views

How to cause memory fragmentation on a Linux based embedded device?

Hardware ARM What am I trying to do: Answer: I am trying to create memory fragmentation on a Linux 2.6.31 based swapless embedded device. Why: Answer:I am trying to port some patches to Linux ...
3
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2answers
2k views

Writing own daemon. systemd error: Failed to read PID from file: Invalid argument

I'm trying to write own daemon a la very simple MPD (it's operating systems laboratory work). I made it work: it starts like a daemon (output of ps): 1 14877 14877 14877 ? -1 Ss 0 ...
2
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1answer
186 views

Can you use LXC through C?

I want to use LXC to 'container' plugins my application is loading. Am I able to do this through C? I have been Googling a lot about it, but there don't seem to be any headers, only scripts that can ...
3
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1answer
858 views

How to let a user execute a script owned by root? Setuid doesn't seem to work anymore [duplicate]

I have some bash scripts that I use with the user 'root' to manage iptable rules. The problem is that I want these things at the same time: The script must be owned by root Permissions must be 700 ...
-2
votes
1answer
108 views

How to compile c, c++ and python code as “Released/Final” version? [closed]

I want to know if there are ways to compile C, C++ and Python code in order to not be able to reverse engineering it over Linux or not? I have heard there are some ways over Windows to do it, but I ...
11
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7answers
3k views

Possible to find out the sizes of data types (int, float, double, …) on a system, without writing a C program?

Is it possible to find out the sizes of data types (int, float, double, ...) on a Linux system, without writing a C program? Would the results for C same as for C++, and other programming languages ...
2
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0answers
253 views

How can I compile minix when I make changes in libraries

I am looking for a way to compile minix. The make hdboot command seems to do nothing with the directories under /usr/src/lib. I changed only one .c file in syslib. Do I have to do make world for this ...
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3answers
139 views

In makefile when do we use .o files?

In the following make file, what is the significance of adding .o files instead of .c files? CC=gcc CFLAGS=-I. hellomake: hellomake.o hellofunc.o $(CC) -o hellomake hellomake.o hellofunc.o ...
5
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2answers
347 views

What would I get when sudo a kernel-destructive program?

It suddenly comes to me how easy it will be for a sudoer to crash the kernel, so I tried something like this: #include<stdio.h> int main(){ printf("hello world"); int a; ...
3
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1answer
2k views

Error compiling FTDI VCP drivers: Cannot find version.h

driver installation fails of FTDI VCP driver during make install. Running ElementaryOS with kernel 3.11.0-14-generic make install awk: cannot open ...
2
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0answers
275 views

Writing to Arbitrary Memory Addresses [closed]

I'm reading "Art of Exploitation 2nd Ed." and I have a question regarding a section on format string attacks. Target program Below code (fmt_vuln.c) is a target program. #include <stdio.h> ...
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3answers
153 views

Is there any manual about C in Linux? If any, what is it?

While I find that we can read some manuals about Library calls (C library functions) & acsii in Linux. But I still do not find any manual about C precedence order so far. So you can recommend ...
2
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2answers
660 views

How to make processes not die after its parent dies?

I've been messing with forkbombs and noticed that if I just fork() processes repeatedly, killing the initial process will bring down the whole tree. This is not the case for forkbombs written in BASH ...