Bootloader issues: what happens before the operating system itself starts.

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4
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1answer
78 views

How to detect if USB device is bootable in udev?

I'm trying to write a udev rule to not mount USB devices plugged into my system if they're bootable, but I don't know how to specify in udev if a device is bootable in a rule. Is that possible? If so, ...
1
vote
2answers
229 views

Why it is not recommended to put boot partition on lvm?

I read somewhere that it is not recommended to put boot partition on lvm based partition. But, I'm doing it anyway. Then the only problem I've faced on this is sometimes when I install a new Linux ...
0
votes
0answers
121 views

Error while Booting from USB in vitualbox from linux host machine (process:9494): GConf-WARNING

My host machine is linux mint. I was configuring to boot from usb in virtualbox. i run below commands: $mount In my case USB drive is /dev/sdb1 so i run: $ umount /dev/sdb1 create directory with ...
2
votes
1answer
367 views

Grub - boot debian iso file from ntfs partition and install it

I have problem installing debian directly from hard drive. Say, i have a logical partition /dev/sda5 and there is debian DVD iso file located in (hd0,5)/iso/debian-8.0.0-amd64-DVD-1.iso with initrd ...
1
vote
2answers
539 views

Creating a bootable OpenBSD Flashdrive

I've attempted to do dd if=install57.iso of=/dev/sdb. sdb is my flash drive. I've also tried with the install57.fs. When I try to boot from USB it says "Missing Operating System" Could anyone help? ...
1
vote
1answer
267 views

Installing Ubuntu 15.04 through Mint 17.1

I am currently using Mint 17.1 on a machine having both legacy BIOS and UEFI. Secure Boot is off. Mint is running on a fully encrypted physical partition and with swap partition is encrypted too. ...
0
votes
2answers
312 views

Uninstall Windows and Install Elementary Freya OS, cause unbootable OS

I've already uninstalled my Windows and installed Elementary Freya OS. But then my laptop won't reboot. It said "Reboot and select proper boot device ..." Here is the complete specification of my ...
2
votes
0answers
145 views

mdadm Software RAID1 with GPT on Debian 8.0 amd64 - Does not boot on disk removal [closed]

INTRO: I have spent countless days attaching/detaching MOLEX->SATA power cables, rebooting machines and trying hundreds of edits and commands. I am on the verge of desperation and desperately in need ...
3
votes
1answer
180 views

Which file in /proc gets read by the kernel during the boot up process?

Which file in /proc gets read by the kernel during the boot up process? This was a question on my LPIC 101 test that I think I might have answered wrong. I searched on google and some other places but ...
1
vote
1answer
67 views

How do I understand if an USB Ethernet adapter is compatible with a certain kernel version to use it to load kernel/filesystem?

I'm using an old kernel, 2.6.32, and I would like to boot the kernel over TFTP and mount the filesystem over NFS. Mounting the kernel over TFTP is a plus, but mounting the filesystem over NFS is a ...
0
votes
1answer
49 views

What changes my boot partition and how to prevent it?

As an another countermeasure against security threats I wrote a little script that computes MBR and boot checksum and then compare it to the old one. As long as the computer is running this is OK, but ...
1
vote
1answer
122 views

Unpacking of initramfs is very slow

I am trying to improve the kernel boot time of my device and I would like some help. I am using OMAPL138 with kernel version 2.6.37 and it takes about 50 seconds until the boot process is finished, ...
3
votes
3answers
881 views

Set default kernel in GRUB

How can I pick which kernel GRUB2 should load by default? I recently installed a the linux realtime kernel and now it loads by default. I'd like to load the regular one by default. So far I only ...
0
votes
2answers
68 views

Grub-install: what's the root directory

Can anyone provide a clear explanation what the root directory is for grub-install and when to use it?
1
vote
1answer
282 views

Is vmlinuz and bzImage really the same?

I just stumbled upon this page, which says that bzImage and vmlinuz are identical. bzImage is then copied using the cp (i.e., copy) command to the /boot directory and simultaneously renamed ...
2
votes
1answer
40 views

Grub-install: device vs partition

Grub can be installed to a device (grub-install /dev/sda) and to a certain partition (grub-install /dev/sda1) - as I understood. My question - if we install it to a partition will grub-installer write ...
2
votes
0answers
314 views

Fedora installation breaks UEFI boot

I am having problems installing Fedora 21/22-alpha on brand new system and I am new to the EFI thing so I am running into issues. I installed Win7, booted in UEFI, installed in UEFI, at least I see an ...
0
votes
0answers
200 views

Centos 6.6 unrecognized services during boot rsyslogd / iscsid / iscsi / mcstrans / syslog / yum-updatesd / rhnsd

Could anyone explain what is going on here, the server used to boot fine without errors and now all of a sudden services cannot be found anymore? When researching any of these errors I get no ...
1
vote
1answer
51 views

need a detailed guide to start scripts and applications in xfce4

I am looking for a detailed explanation about where is the right place to start scripts applications during the boot process. It seems there is either confusion or not need for the detail I am looking ...
1
vote
0answers
71 views

Can't see boot options or log with GRUB through serial-over-lan

I have a Debian system that is unable to boot a configuration I want. I don't have physical access to it, but I have serial-over-LAN access via Dell's BMC (so very limited), IPMI 1.5/isol. When I boot ...
2
votes
1answer
83 views

How do I find/change where GRUB 2 gets installed on a rewrite, on Debian Wheezy?

I have a Debian Wheezy system. On a recent upgrade, I got an error message from GRUB telling me that embedding was not supported for ext2 file systems (huh? Never seen that one before.) and after a ...
1
vote
2answers
616 views

Problem before Login Screen - Fedora 21

Have the following problem: Computer boots till the fedora logo before login. when I press F2, I see the following: (1 of 3) A start job is running for Gnome Display Manager (2 of 3) A start job is ...
0
votes
1answer
73 views

run a script from rc.local, that exists on an autofs nfs share

I mount some nfs exports from a fileserver to my workstation. The workstation is ubuntustudio 64bit 14.04. in order to make the mounts as transparent as possible, I have inserted the following in my ...
4
votes
1answer
2k views

Ubuntu 14 server edition, how to boot into single-user mode?

I'm new in Linux and just have basic knowledge about it. In the past I've tested to boot into single-user mode in some Linux distribution by just append " single" to the boot command. However, I don't ...
0
votes
0answers
41 views

What are the [internal] steps involved in making USB drive 'bootable'?

Whenever I have to install a new Linux distro, I create a bootable USB from the distro image using some specialized program like UNetBootin. Recently, I tried to do for Fedora using 'dd' command, but ...
1
vote
1answer
379 views

Half Solved | Grub error: unknown filesystem. (all partitions are unknown)

So, there are thousands of questions related to this all over the internet, but, after days of searching, I still can't find a solution! I have a Turnkey server that was pre-configured with MineOS, ...
0
votes
1answer
99 views

In Elemenary os, grub wont load anything but itself

I am running Elementary OS Freya as the only currently installed OS on my laptop, I have tried to install various operating system via USB and UNetbootin, however my grub for some reason just will not ...
0
votes
0answers
29 views

How to add grub 2 to syslinux

I'm trying to add grub 2 to syslinux (isolinux.cfg), but the problem is that I only could add an entry to grub4dos (not grub2). I don't know even how to get grub2 to the disk so I can refer to it.. ...
2
votes
2answers
39 views

Broke permissions on /bin, /boot, and /dev; how to clean the mess?

I just made a terrible mistake, I tried to fix it by myself but I need some help. Due to a syntax error all files and folders permissions were being changed: thankfully I saw this while it was ...
1
vote
0answers
31 views

Plugged mouse increases boot time

I was going through the output of dmesg -e and found that my logitech mouse is increasing boot time by around 7 seconds and my total boot time is around 45 seconds. [ +7.334661] usb 1-1: new ...
1
vote
0answers
58 views

error: cant't find command linux when booting system

I need some help with a problem when booting. Recently I've installed CentOS 7 on my pc, previously I had debian 7 and manjaro installed. When I installed manjaro I overwrote the bootloader of debian ...
0
votes
0answers
28 views

Installed Windows 8.1 not Booting from Internal HDD

I have Windows 8.1 and Linux installed on my internal HDD. Windows is installed first, it worked fine and later I installed Linux through live USB stick. After restarting nothing happened...my ...
0
votes
0answers
36 views

X11 hangs, leaves me with black&white text display, Intel i915, precise1-Ubuntu

I am running a Bodhi derivative Ubuntu, ("tainted") based on Precise, on an Acer Chromebook. After a system update, X11 dies, leaves me "hung" with text display. If I reboot in recovery mode, and ...
0
votes
0answers
141 views

Manjaro boots incredibly slow; Nouveau problem

I've got a problem with my fresh Manjaro install. It's installed on a new computer on SSD, yet it boots incredibly slow. As far as I can tell it may be related to graphics drivers. I've installed ...
0
votes
0answers
20 views

live-build strange symbols during boot

So I'm booting up my Debian live-build through QEemu and gets this strange symbols. Anyone know what it is?
1
vote
1answer
81 views

How to setup boot scripts to save orphan inodes after improper shutdown?

after abnormal shutdown in dmesg I have [ 16.107445] EXT4-fs (dm-1): INFO: recovery required on readonly filesystem [ 16.107450] EXT4-fs (dm-1): write access will be enabled during recovery [ ...
0
votes
2answers
117 views

Systemd dependency tree saving

As I know systemd stores dependencies between services in unit files. I need to know how systemd behaves on boot: Does it load unit files from specific paths and recalculate dependencies every time ...
3
votes
2answers
690 views

What is the purpose of UEFI partition?

On old computers (using BIOS) we had to create 2 partitions, one to mount / and second for swap. But on new systems with UEFI we need to create third partition EFI System in addition to those two ...
0
votes
0answers
35 views

Is it possible to boot a pxe client to hard disk image

I bought a banana pi device recently. While I checking out for OS to this device, I saw a lot of OS images on it's web site. Also there are third party OSes available. I decided to try all but writing ...
0
votes
0answers
20 views

Which partition should I use for /boot to dual boot with Windows 8

The distro was Antergos Linux. Last time I tried to install to the EFI system partition (the one Windows uses), but when I rebooted after finishing install, the booting process when straight to ...
0
votes
2answers
64 views

boot from usb flash drive

I have a Sony Vaio SV-E14A2M1E with Win 8.1; and I just created a bootable USB with Linux mint 17.1, but I can't boot from it. I've done a bit of research, but I'm not sure with what I've found.
2
votes
1answer
498 views

How do I fix an “unknown chipset” error when booting Arch Linux?

I have a laptop with this hardware: intel i5 nvidia 820m graphics card 64bit system with uefi boot I burned the Arch Linux ISO to USB, and I am getting the option to choose Arch on booting the ...
1
vote
0answers
49 views

how can i assemble my components (kernel, initramfs, rootfs) into a single bootable image?

I have created a compressed rootfs, kernel, and initramfs. I have a syslinux configuration that boots my rootfs/kernel to RAM. It works. However, I'd like to have something like image1 which ...
-1
votes
1answer
441 views

enabling Intel Iris Pro (syslinux, Tails system, Macbook Pro 15 Retina Late 2013, IGP/GPU)

Macbook Pro 15 Retina Late 2013 uses explicitly dedicated GPU. Integrated graphic processor isn't listed at all. Not being able to switch or turn off discrete card to improve battery life. ...
4
votes
0answers
224 views

How do I boot the linux kernel over PXE with dnsmasq and syslinux?

Are these dnsmasq.conf options fine: port=0 interface=enp0s20u2u1 bind-interfaces dhcp-range=192.168.2.50,192.168.2.220,12h dhcp-boot=boot/syslinux/lpxelinux.0 ...
1
vote
0answers
82 views

Convert BIOS booting to UEFI in existed linux installation

I have debian installed on HDD with GPT partition table. But it installed with BIOS compatible mode. Now I want to boot it from native UEFI. How can I do this? Ofcource I have motherboard with UEFI.
0
votes
1answer
332 views

Correct way to delete unnecessary files from /boot directory (Ubuntu)

Currently there is not enough space on by /boot partition/folder and the sofware update can not be performed. Question: how should I correctly free-up some space in that directory? Here is the ...
1
vote
0answers
55 views

Keyboard merely plugged in greatly increases kernel boot time

Specs are here. I am using a K65 RGB. I am using the ckb-git package from the AUR to provide basic input functionality. With Keyboard and with driver: Startup finished in 3.100s (firmware) + ...
0
votes
0answers
1k views

Jessie: can't boot the kernel 3.16.0-4-amd64

I have been using Jessie for a few months now, and I had a problem booting my computer a few weeks ago. I had this error on boot: early console in decompress_kernel Decompressing Linux... Parsing ...
0
votes
1answer
466 views

Laptop boots directly to Ubuntu, can't access BIOS or Boot menu anymore

I'm running Laptop with single OS: UbuntuMATE 15.04 Beta1 64bit on Toshiba laptop Core i3. After burning "Elementary OS" on a live USB drive using UNetbootin, what happened is: -After reboot, laptop ...