Bootloader issues: what happens before the operating system itself starts.

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How to fix boot failure due to incorrect fstab?

It seems that I have added incorrect record to /etc/fstab: //servername/share /mnt/share cifs defaults,username=myuser 0 0 When I did mount -a, it asked user password to mount network ...
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3answers
26k views

How to boot Debian into text mode without using GUI?

How can I boot Debian into text mode? My mouse and keyboard are working in GRUB, but when the login screen appears they don't, so I can't do anything.
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3answers
349 views

decrease kernel boot log verbosity level

When my kernel boots, apart from the useful important information, it prints lots of debugging info, such as .... kernel: [0.00000] BIOS-e820: [mem 0x0000000000000000-0x000000000009d3ff] usable ...
8
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1answer
2k views

How is /etc/fstab accessed before root is mounted?

I was making some changes to /etc/fstab, when this chicken and egg question occurred to me - if /etc/fstab contains the instructions for mounting the file systems, including the root partition, then ...
8
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3answers
9k views

Does initramfs use /etc/fstab?

The way I understand it, initramfs is responsible for loading the "real" root filesystem. Now, there are two places where we define that root. First we put an entry in /etc/fstab. Second, we put the ...
8
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1answer
3k views

booting qemu/kvm directly from a file system

Having used Xen and its pygrub for a while, I'm now trying to do something similar with KVM/qemu. Basically, I have a LVM logical volume (though that could as well be a file) that contains the root ...
8
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1answer
384 views

Encrypted Booting

I want to boot the Linux from the /boot partition, and also want to encrypt this /boot partition. [ AFAIK, Grub is unable to find the kernel and initrd from an truecrypted partition or cryptsetup ...
8
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1answer
300 views

How to Pass High Resolution from GRUB2 to FreeBSD?

I boot FreeBSD-10-RELEASE from GRUB2. I have set up the GRUB2 boot menu to display very nicely at my laptop's max resolution of 1024x768x32. I know it's possible to pass this resolution to the boot ...
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1answer
2k views

Booting a file system image from a HDD using GRUB2 with persistence

How do I preserve changes I make to files when running an operating system that is booted - using GRUB2 - from a file that contains a file system. I managed to get GRUB2 to boot an image file that ...
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6answers
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Can you make a linux system halt and boot my Raspberry-pi at certain times?

How to make a system turn itself off and back on at different times. For example I would have my "server" turn off at 4 A.M then turn back on at 5 A.M every day. Is this possible? I am using a ...
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3answers
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boot partition is almost full in CentOS [duplicate]

I got a warning of my /boot partition is almost full(85%). What should I do? Can I remove one of the backup kernel? How to do it safely? My partition right now Filesystem 1K-blocks ...
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2answers
97 views

Looking at the source files, where does Linux start executing?

I would like to read a bit of the source code to try and understand how it all fits together, but cannot see where to start. Which file in the Linux source code is the main file used to compile the ...
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2answers
28k views

How Do You Pass VGA/VESA Modes with GRUB2?

One of my machines has a 3 TB HD setup to triple boot into Mint 14 (Ubuntu 12.10 variant), Slackware 14.1 and Arch Linux. The HD is formatted using the GPT/Guid system. The Grub2 technically "belongs" ...
7
votes
2answers
26k views

How to extract boot.img?

I am trying to see the content in a boot.img file from an Android image. I googled and found this article to extract system.img, but it doesn't work for boot.img. When trying to do this for boot.img, ...
7
votes
1answer
2k views

Is Ramdisk and initrd the same?

While reading through the kernel documentation on ramdisk in ramfs-rootfs-initramfs.txt i was having a doubt like the ramdisk explained there is same as the initrd features described in the post at ...
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1answer
2k views

How to boot FreeBSD system with broken bootcode?

I have an HDD (or SSD, or flash drive) with FreeBSD installed on it, and somehow I broke the bootcode (first 446 bytes of MBR). How could I boot into this FreeBSD?
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4answers
1k views

How to list all the files used during Linux boot

I would like to get the list of files that are used during the process of Linux boot. We are developing the protected enterprise system based on the RHEL 6.4. The integrity of specified files will be ...
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votes
3answers
13k views

Moving /boot and MBR to a new drive

I have a CentOS 6 server with two hard drives in it. My old 3TB drive has been giving me some issues so I'm moving things over to a new drive. Because my / and /home partition are managed by a LVM ...
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4answers
2k views

Difference between bootable and non-bootable partitions

What is the difference between a bootable and non-bootable partition? I know that a user cannot boot a system from a partition marked non-bootable and can from one marked bootable. I want to know ...
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votes
3answers
8k views

FreeBSD 10 does not boot after clean install

Latest FREEBSD 10 does not boot after clean installation. Installed using this image: FreeBSD-10.0-RELEASE-amd64-memstick.img Used Guided Partitioning, where I selected my only hard drive, chose ...
7
votes
2answers
4k views

How to block loading kernel module only in single user boot when blacklist fails?

On a "Linux debian 2.6.32-5-amd64 #1 SMP" installation where loading a kernel module (mpt2sas) is desired to be delayed to be loaded after starting sshd and users can remotely login, the mpt2sas ...
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2answers
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mknod permanent in archlinux

I have a custom kernel module (on ArchLinux) that I can load manually and interact with. What I would like to do is have it loaded at boot time. So far I have managed to get the device appear in ...
7
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1answer
3k views

after BIOS splash, will not boot, asked to select OS, but can't

I'm running Linux Mint 13 MATE 64-bit. Everything has been working for several weeks. Yesterday, when I tried to boot up my computer, after the BIOS screen flashes I reach a screen with a black ...
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votes
1answer
3k views

Fedora 17 Freezes on Boot

I have been having issues with Fedora 17 not booting after the latest round of updates. I am able to enter the pass for my disk encryption, the boot logo acts normally but after the animation is ...
7
votes
1answer
9k views

How do I add PC BSD / FreeBSD to Grub 2 boot loader?

I have Ubuntu 10.04 installed as my primary operating system, and I installed PC BSD in a different partition: /dev/sda4 without installing it's boot loader. I figured out that I need to edit ...
7
votes
1answer
550 views

30 second gap in boot process

I did a full upgrade on my Debian system (jessie/sid). Unfortunately there is now a 30 second gap on the bootup and I really don't know where it comes from and where I have to look to find it. I ...
7
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1answer
9k views

rpcbind-“warning” on boot

On my debian testing system, I get these messages in my /var/log/boot file: Starting rpcbind daemon...rpcbind: Cannot open '/var/run/rpcbind/rpcbind.xdr' file for reading, errno 2 (No such file or ...
7
votes
1answer
2k views

How to set keyboard layout used to enter password on an encrypted filesystem?

After my upgrade to Debian 6 (Squeeze), the keyboard layout used to enter the password of encrypted filesystem has been changed. How can I revert it back to previous one? My understanding is that, ...
7
votes
1answer
5k views

UEFI install (14.04) boots to GRUB command prompt, no GUI

I just installed zorin 9 core (14.04) on my Hard-Disk in UEFI mode. But, when I boot, all that comes up is a GRUB2 command line. I've searched for solution and came up with this command configfile ...
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2answers
816 views

Determine what program is in my MBR code

I've done a lot of partitioning / dual booting on my Macbook Pro. Right now I have Mac OS X installed along with Ubuntu 12.04, with Grub installed on the Ubuntu partition. I am wondering - what is ...
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2answers
2k views

How can I boot the PC-BSD live DVD-ISO IMAGE directly via GRUB2?

Via the loopback command, GRUB2 allows to directly boot an ISO file. Now, I've configured the according menuentry to boot the PC-BSD Live DVD ISO, but when I try to boot it, the FreeBSD bootstrap ...
6
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1answer
432 views

How can I prevent someone from gaining root access through the bootloader?

On Ubuntu 10.10 I can login as root without the root password by replacing ro quiet splash with rw init=/bin/bash. How can I secure my machine and disable this backdoor?
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2answers
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How does Linux load the 'initrd' image?

I've been trying to understand the booting process, but there's just one thing that is going over my head.. As soon as the Linux kernel has been booted and the root file system (/) mounted, ...
6
votes
2answers
5k views

ERROR: Root device mounted successfully, but /sbin/init does not exist

I've installed Linux Mint and Manjaro Linux on my computer. I installed only the Linux mint on the MBR. For Manjaro, I created a /boot/efi partition, but I have not checked to install to MBR. So, I ...
6
votes
1answer
15k views

How can I autologin to desktop with systemd?

How can I configure systemd to automatically log me in to my desktop environment, preferably without using login manager? I'm using Arch.
6
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3answers
466 views

How to skip DHCP if no cable connected to ethernet in Debian

My Bananian Linux is wasting time at logon trying to get a DHCP lease for eth0 interface which is not connected. Well, the extender cable is connected to it, but nothing is on the other end. I have ...
6
votes
2answers
4k views

Grub 'incompatible license' error

The other day, I was using a laptop for general desktop use when its keyboard began to act up. Most of the keys on the keyboard's right side stopped working entirely and key combinations such as Ctrlu ...
6
votes
1answer
541 views

Is there a BSD operating system that can be booted off a logical drive partition?

From several BSD operating systems' documentation, there is a requirement for it to be booted off a primary partition. Is there any BSD that can be booted off a logical partition in some indirect ...
6
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1answer
8k views

Ubuntu 14 server edition, how to boot into single-user mode?

I'm new in Linux and just have basic knowledge about it. In the past I've tested to boot into single-user mode in some Linux distribution by just append " single" to the boot command. However, I don't ...
6
votes
1answer
326 views

How to install an old version of OpenBSD inside VirtualBox?

I'm reading an old Phrack article and I would like to install OpenBSD 3.0 inside VirtualBox. I remember installing this very version using actual physical floppy disks in 2001, but nowadays I don't ...
6
votes
2answers
6k views

How to recreate EFI boot partition?

I've installed Fedora on my machine with / partition, swap partition and ESP partition for EFI booting. Now, I was installing Elementary OS instead of Fedora. I have formatted the / partition ...
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votes
3answers
1k views

Location of the kernel binary (when not in /boot)?

I failed to find the kernel binary in the standard location in /boot. I've also searched the whole file system for vmlinux or bzimage find / -iname vmlin* find / -iname bzimage However, this is an ...
6
votes
1answer
281 views

Deploying filesystem images onto a partition of arbitrary size

I would like to establish a deployment process for Ubuntu machines based on root FS images. I would like to restore the image onto a simply-formatted hard drive (I can completely erase the disk during ...
6
votes
2answers
3k views

Booting a newly compiled linux kernel

I have started reading the book Essential Linux Device Drivers. I am following the process for compiling and booting into a new kernel. However I am unable to boot into the newly compiled kernel - I ...
6
votes
1answer
87 views

Moving /boot partition without messing up the system

I have deleted my old Linux Mint partition I had installed beside my new current Rafaela one. Thus, I have free space I want to add to my home partition. Above you can see the partition layout: sda4 ...
6
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1answer
4k views

GRUB Quiet Splash

As a Linux newbee, I would like to know What exactly is the significance of "Quiet Splash" in GRUB? GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX_DEFAULT="quiet splash"
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1answer
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How to mount iso9660 filesystem as read write

Hey my iso file won't accept device files so I was wondering how I could mount a cdrw with an iso9660 filesystem as read write to copy device files to the cdrw.
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3answers
2k views

Is there a way to speed up boot time by loading things into RAM immediately?

I'm looking to lower my boot time by whatever means possible. I have about 8GB of RAM in my laptop, and if there's any way I could leverage that into faster boot time, that'd be awesome. Is there a ...
6
votes
1answer
4k views

How can you get console backgrounds for Arch Linux?

I have tested out openSUSE and found that the tty1 is a bit different from other systems as the tty has got a background. I know that Knoppix has a tux penguin for each core the computer has, but I'm ...
6
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1answer
3k views

Getting an existing Linux installation from one computer to boot on another

I have an existing Dell Precision 690 workstation setup to dual boot Windows XP and CentOS 5.5. These operating systems are installed on two separate drives. I have a grub menu on the Linux drive with ...