Bootloader issues: what happens before the operating system itself starts.

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3
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3answers
2k views

Failed to boot a fresh FreeBSD 8.2 installation on an Intel SS4200-EHW

I've installed FreeBSD on an Intel SS4200-EHW which has four hard disks and a flash DOM (Disk On Module) disk through an IDE interface. I want to install FreeBSD on the Flash DOM. In order to get the ...
2
votes
1answer
60 views

2 distros/1 PC: can I suspend one of them, then boot into the second one?

There are 2 linux distros on my pc: an ubuntu 10.04 and a fedora 14. If I suspend e.g.: the ubuntu are there any chances that I can boot into Fedora? Or that's impossible because the suspend uses the ...
1
vote
1answer
1k views

Flash drive won't boot or mount after trying to create installation medium

I have a 1GB USB flash drive which I wanted to use as an installation medium for Linux distros. My first experiment was to be installing Arch on an old laptop (old enough that if I really messed it ...
2
votes
2answers
104 views

mounting on boot - how to edit

How does linux know which partition should be mounted at which directory? Where is this info stored?
8
votes
1answer
350 views

Encrypted Booting

I want to boot the Linux from the /boot partition, and also want to encrypt this /boot partition. [ AFAIK, Grub is unable to find the kernel and initrd from an truecrypted partition or cryptsetup ...
2
votes
2answers
55 views

How can I determine which service run during bootup is responsible for a certain behaviour?

On my Fedora 14 system, some strange bind mounts have appeared in the list of mounts. They appear on every bootup. I can unmount them with umount -l, but I would like to find which package is mounting ...
14
votes
1answer
1k views

Rebooting without shutting off?

I have been using Linux Mint Debian with Debian unstable and noticed that when I press restart, instead of going all the way back to the BIOS, then grub, then booting up, I seem to be shutting down ...
5
votes
1answer
3k views

How can you get console backgrounds for Arch Linux?

I have tested out openSUSE and found that the tty1 is a bit different from other systems as the tty has got a background. I know that Knoppix has a tux penguin for each core the computer has, but I'm ...
2
votes
1answer
692 views

How to configure DHCP so that boot is completed even without a DHCP server?

I have configured /etc/network/interface like this: auto lo eth0 iface lo inet loopback iface eth0 inet dhcp But when a lease cannot be obtained, the booting is not completed. Is it possible to ...
1
vote
0answers
163 views

Arch Linux not functional after kernel upate [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Arch Linux not booting after system update After running a system update, in which the kernel was updated, when I try to boot Arch (in single user, not quiet), I get the ...
1
vote
4answers
305 views

linux shell global linux memory in mem variable - from shell

Is there any way for me to set an env variable without editing files to be in memory and effect other shells as well, which will take effect on any new user who connects that machine and will take ...
3
votes
2answers
4k views

Arch Linux not booting after system update

After running a system update pacman -Syu with the testing repo not commented, my computer no longer boots. It shows the udev loading, then shows a black screen with a cursor blinking in upper left. I ...
2
votes
1answer
157 views

Where are the program calls of the boot process stored

I just wrote a little program which logs all calls of bash during the boot process. This is a part of the output produced: (root) '/bin/bash-' '-c' 'gzip -d -c ...
1
vote
1answer
118 views

GRML will not boot automatically

I install GRML on my USB disk with the grml2usb tool. But when I boot from the USB, it first boots to a blank screen with boot: text on it. I must type the boot options myself to boot the system. I ...
1
vote
1answer
1k views

Message while booting : “can't allocate mem resource [0xc0000000-0xbfffffff]”

I get the following message on the console every time the Linux kernel boots: pci 0000:00:00.0: BAR 0: can't allocate mem resource [0xc0000000-0xbfffffff] Is this an error message? What causes this ...
3
votes
2answers
3k views

Solaris 10 boot from cd-rom

I am trying to start up my solaris server using the newly downloaded iso written on a CD. The iso name is sol-10-u9-ga-sparc-dvd.iso When we started the server, logging in as root then tried to boot ...
4
votes
1answer
875 views

Safe to delete System.map-* files in /boot?

I'm experimenting with generating some custom kernels using genkernel. However, each iteration leaves a file in /boot called System.map-genkernel-<arch>-<version>. Is it safe to rename ...
5
votes
6answers
9k views

How does a kernel mount the root partition?

My question is with regards to booting a Linux system from a separate /boot partition. If most configuration files are located on a separate / partition, how does the kernel correctly mount it at boot ...
0
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1answer
99 views

Kernel - Starting the application

I placed the uBoot loader and the kernel into the raw flash image. This does not contain any root file system. (I copied uBoot and kernel image using dd command to a flash image). Now i have to ...
5
votes
1answer
3k views

Unable to boot Chromium OS from USB drive

I have tried both my own builds of Chromium OS and Hexxeh's daily Vanilla builds, and neither work. I copy them over to my flash drive, but when I try to boot from it, nothing happens except my ...
4
votes
1answer
820 views

Booting without initrd

Is it possible to boot linux without a initrd.img ? I am planning to add default drivers as a part-of-kernel itself and avoid initrd completely. What are the modules that should be made ...
2
votes
1answer
1k views

Creating new initrd without installing kernel

How can i create initrd image for a new(experimental) kernel without actually installing it. (Existing tools to create initrd based on config and details from installed kernel.) Say i compile a new ...
4
votes
1answer
2k views

GRUB error 15, no boot menu nor /boot

I am have a fully updated Arch Linux system that was running fine. Last night I tried to setup autofs per instructions on the Arch wiki, but upon restart there was no boot menu and only a GRUB error ...
3
votes
2answers
2k views

hibernate to disk not restoring, but suspend to ram is working

I have Debian 6, I have also seen this under Ubuntu (can not remember how I fixed it). I can hibernate, but when I switch on the system cold boots (it does not restore previous session). Note ...
13
votes
4answers
7k views

How can I avoid “Run fsck manually” messages while allowing experimenting with system time changes?

I'm working with a system where we want to allow users to play around with the date and time if they want, and where reboots may happen arbitrarily. This is fine, except for one thing: if there's a ...
4
votes
2answers
3k views

Iso booting with grub2

I am using Linux Mint 10, and it is installed on sda8. I edited /etc/grub.d/40_custom: #!/bin/sh echo "Adding 40_custom.">&2 exec tail -n +3 $0 # This file provides an easy way to add custom ...
8
votes
2answers
7k views

Bash Script on Startup? (Linux)

Is there any way to make/run a bash script on reboot (like in Debian/Ubuntu for instance, since thats what my 2 boxes at home have) Also, any recommended guides for doing cron jobs? I'm completely ...
3
votes
1answer
7k views

Startup log file for RHEL?

When I start up my Red Hat box I see a progress meter in the center of the screen that has a button that says "Show Details...". When I click on this button, I see a console like screen that shows ...
2
votes
1answer
361 views

load program/module at boot

I'm trying to load a program I wrote at boot. The program is also a module.ko and a small bash script. For the module I tried doing depmod mymodule.ko and modprobe -a and messing around with modprob ...
4
votes
1answer
813 views

Will a “customized” initrd survive a kernel update via yum?

I have a CentOS 5.5 installation with the stock CentOS 5.5 kernel. I have modified the init script in the initrd, commenting out some unneeded modules, lowering the interval time of the "stabilized" ...
0
votes
1answer
823 views

Problem with Fedora 14 after ATI Catalyst 10.11 Install

I followed the steps as given in this article. After following all of the steps, ATI Catalyst was installed but when i boot my system, I get these options at GRUB: GNU GRUB version 0.97 ...
12
votes
5answers
17k views

What is the difference between LILO and GRUB?

I am running a web server under Debian and I currently have GRUB installed. Should I consider using LILO instead of GRUB? And what are the advantages of each?
3
votes
2answers
623 views

Inittab seems to ignore remount,rw /

I have an embedded system that boots off compact flash and runs with the initrd.img ramdisk mounted as root. When booting, it mounts the initrd image ok in read only mode but then when inittab runs, ...
0
votes
1answer
2k views

Filesystem type is ext2fs, partition type 0x83

I installed Ubuntu 10.04 (LTS) to a VPS server I'm renting and get this critical error when booting: Filesystem type is ext2fs, partition type 0x83 This prevents the rest of the boot process to ...
6
votes
1answer
2k views

Getting an existing Linux installation from one computer to boot on another

I have an existing Dell Precision 690 workstation setup to dual boot Windows XP and CentOS 5.5. These operating systems are installed on two separate drives. I have a grub menu on the Linux drive with ...
3
votes
1answer
353 views

Graphical boot-up screen lost after upgrading the kernel

I used the Ubuntu 10.10 alternate install CD to install Maverick to an encrypted partition on a USB stick. This worked perfectly, but after the first cycle of updates that took the kernel from ...
2
votes
2answers
2k views

How to change the install path of my Linux Source tree?

I was trying to bring up my custom kernel. I did the following : $ make menuconfig && make modules && make modules_install && make install I would like to change the ...
10
votes
2answers
548 views

Removing abstraction from Ubuntu boot process

I have been using Linux after almost 5 years and observed that boot process has been almost abstracted. I mean, not much is visible to the user what is going on behind the scenes (Due to splash ...
5
votes
1answer
408 views

Is there a BSD operating system that can be booted off a logical drive partition?

From several BSD operating systems' documentation, there is a requirement for it to be booted off a primary partition. Is there any BSD that can be booted off a logical partition in some indirect ...
7
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1answer
2k views

How can you schedule a computer to boot at a specific time?

Usually BIOSes have an option to schedule a time to which to boot at. Is there a Unix/Linux interface to specify the scheduled boot?
4
votes
1answer
625 views

Is it possible to boot an x86 Linux kernel using both 80x25 text mode consoles and VESA framebuffer consoles?

The Linux kernel documents that you can choose to boot Linux with VESA framebuffer consoles instead of the default 80x25 text mode consoles. For text application testing purposes, one may need both ...
6
votes
3answers
1k views

What happens after loading the linux kernel image into RAM

I just to want to know the flow of activities happening after loading the linux kernel image into the RAM after boot process.
8
votes
3answers
8k views

How to install GRUB to a whole ext4 disk without partition table?

Currently I have the entire disk /dev/sda formatted as ext4, and installed Gentoo. (There is no MBR, no partition at all. ) But finally, I can't install GRUB on it, because it seems like GRUB needs ...
3
votes
1answer
1k views

How to enter into BusyBox when booting?

I have occasionally installed cloud-init package in Ubuntu, which blocks me from booting. Neither recovery mode works. Because cloud-init installed some upstart job configuration. So I want to enter ...
22
votes
5answers
14k views

SSH to decrypt encrypted LVM during headless server boot?

When I installed Ubuntu 10.04 and, now, 10.10, I was offered the option of enabling "encrypted LVM" for my hard drive. After choosing that option, I am prompted for my password during boot to decrypt ...
4
votes
1answer
760 views

Why is plymouth-log-viewer starting up?

I've been using Fedora 14 for about a month on my primary system (converted from Win2K). My secondary system was converted to Fedora 12 from Win2K, and was updated sequentially to Fedora 14 (using ...
6
votes
1answer
1k views

Is Ramdisk and initrd the same?

While reading through the kernel documentation on ramdisk in ramfs-rootfs-initramfs.txt i was having a doubt like the ramdisk explained there is same as the initrd features described in the post at ...
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1answer
458 views

How to mount external hard disk every time the server is restarted?

I have a server which the date will be backup to a external windows server hard disk which is mounted. But problem is every time the server is restarted I will need to mount the disk manually. How do ...
1
vote
1answer
434 views

Stuck on “Determining IP information for wlan0” at boot

In my struggles to install ClearOS correctly, I now have another problem: After the first boot I keep getting stuck on "Determining IP information for wlan0...". It doesn't move forward at all. I've ...
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1answer
268 views

Recording and charting boot process information in Linux

I need to write a command line tool that records the boot process information in Linux, and then renders it in a chart format (a textual chart would do). How do I programmatically obtain the this boot ...