Bootloader issues: what happens before the operating system itself starts.

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12
votes
5answers
16k views

What is the difference between LILO and GRUB?

I am running a web server under Debian and I currently have GRUB installed. Should I consider using LILO instead of GRUB? And what are the advantages of each?
3
votes
2answers
604 views

Inittab seems to ignore remount,rw /

I have an embedded system that boots off compact flash and runs with the initrd.img ramdisk mounted as root. When booting, it mounts the initrd image ok in read only mode but then when inittab runs, ...
0
votes
1answer
2k views

Filesystem type is ext2fs, partition type 0x83

I installed Ubuntu 10.04 (LTS) to a VPS server I'm renting and get this critical error when booting: Filesystem type is ext2fs, partition type 0x83 This prevents the rest of the boot process to ...
5
votes
1answer
2k views

Getting an existing Linux installation from one computer to boot on another

I have an existing Dell Precision 690 workstation setup to dual boot Windows XP and CentOS 5.5. These operating systems are installed on two separate drives. I have a grub menu on the Linux drive with ...
3
votes
1answer
352 views

Graphical boot-up screen lost after upgrading the kernel

I used the Ubuntu 10.10 alternate install CD to install Maverick to an encrypted partition on a USB stick. This worked perfectly, but after the first cycle of updates that took the kernel from ...
2
votes
2answers
2k views

How to change the install path of my Linux Source tree?

I was trying to bring up my custom kernel. I did the following : $ make menuconfig && make modules && make modules_install && make install I would like to change the ...
10
votes
2answers
545 views

Removing abstraction from Ubuntu boot process

I have been using Linux after almost 5 years and observed that boot process has been almost abstracted. I mean, not much is visible to the user what is going on behind the scenes (Due to splash ...
5
votes
1answer
388 views

Is there a BSD operating system that can be booted off a logical drive partition?

From several BSD operating systems' documentation, there is a requirement for it to be booted off a primary partition. Is there any BSD that can be booted off a logical partition in some indirect ...
7
votes
1answer
2k views

How can you schedule a computer to boot at a specific time?

Usually BIOSes have an option to schedule a time to which to boot at. Is there a Unix/Linux interface to specify the scheduled boot?
4
votes
1answer
617 views

Is it possible to boot an x86 Linux kernel using both 80x25 text mode consoles and VESA framebuffer consoles?

The Linux kernel documents that you can choose to boot Linux with VESA framebuffer consoles instead of the default 80x25 text mode consoles. For text application testing purposes, one may need both ...
6
votes
3answers
1k views

What happens after loading the linux kernel image into RAM

I just to want to know the flow of activities happening after loading the linux kernel image into the RAM after boot process.
8
votes
3answers
8k views

How to install GRUB to a whole ext4 disk without partition table?

Currently I have the entire disk /dev/sda formatted as ext4, and installed Gentoo. (There is no MBR, no partition at all. ) But finally, I can't install GRUB on it, because it seems like GRUB needs ...
3
votes
1answer
1k views

How to enter into BusyBox when booting?

I have occasionally installed cloud-init package in Ubuntu, which blocks me from booting. Neither recovery mode works. Because cloud-init installed some upstart job configuration. So I want to enter ...
22
votes
5answers
13k views

SSH to decrypt encrypted LVM during headless server boot?

When I installed Ubuntu 10.04 and, now, 10.10, I was offered the option of enabling "encrypted LVM" for my hard drive. After choosing that option, I am prompted for my password during boot to decrypt ...
4
votes
1answer
756 views

Why is plymouth-log-viewer starting up?

I've been using Fedora 14 for about a month on my primary system (converted from Win2K). My secondary system was converted to Fedora 12 from Win2K, and was updated sequentially to Fedora 14 (using ...
6
votes
1answer
1k views

Is Ramdisk and initrd the same?

While reading through the kernel documentation on ramdisk in ramfs-rootfs-initramfs.txt i was having a doubt like the ramdisk explained there is same as the initrd features described in the post at ...
1
vote
1answer
457 views

How to mount external hard disk every time the server is restarted?

I have a server which the date will be backup to a external windows server hard disk which is mounted. But problem is every time the server is restarted I will need to mount the disk manually. How do ...
1
vote
1answer
425 views

Stuck on “Determining IP information for wlan0” at boot

In my struggles to install ClearOS correctly, I now have another problem: After the first boot I keep getting stuck on "Determining IP information for wlan0...". It doesn't move forward at all. I've ...
1
vote
1answer
268 views

Recording and charting boot process information in Linux

I need to write a command line tool that records the boot process information in Linux, and then renders it in a chart format (a textual chart would do). How do I programmatically obtain the this boot ...
3
votes
2answers
4k views

FreeBSD in USB Flash Drive

I like to use live FreeBSD in my USB flash drive. How can i do it ? Please give clear way to do it.
4
votes
1answer
344 views

How does Ubuntu lock my Live USB?

I notice that, after booting from my Live USB (with Ubuntu inside) and shutdown, I won't be able to boot it again, unless I unplug the USB and plug it in again. Is this a side-effect of something, or ...
8
votes
5answers
6k views

Is it possible to put root in LVM without using initrd?

I have just set up a Gentoo base system (which means I can boot and log in and do stuff with it now). My root partition is in an LVM2 virtual group (with a separated /boot partition). In order to boot ...
3
votes
1answer
639 views

Ubuntu: How can I disable boot and logout screen

I want to be able to see all stuff from the boot process, just like in Debian. I instaled startupmanager but It only change boot screen to more ugly. I search google and find that you must remove ...
3
votes
5answers
938 views

how to ensure a program is always running but without root access?

Currently I need to have a program running all the time, but when the server is rebooted I need to manually run the program. And sometimes I'm not available when that happens. I can't use a normal ...
2
votes
2answers
566 views

Fedora vs. Ubuntu installation

I am using Fedora 13, and it was my friend who did the installation for me. I have used Ubuntu also and I found it more easy to install than fedora. Ubuntu uses a WUBI installer (if I am correct) and ...
5
votes
2answers
634 views

Resources for very low-level (board bring-up)

I've worked with a few embedded systems, but now I'd like to make my own piece of hardware and despite a pretty thorough knowledge of Linux, I have no idea how to get Linux up and running on new ...
1
vote
3answers
625 views

How can I write an OpenSuse script that will change my boot menu.lst file and add “nomodeset” automatically both to failsafe and normal boot option?

How can I write an OpenSuse script that will change my boot menu.lst file and add "nomodeset" automatically both to failsafe and normal boot option? (This script is for suseStudio I'm going to write ...
7
votes
1answer
7k views

How do I add PC BSD / FreeBSD to Grub 2 boot loader?

I have Ubuntu 10.04 installed as my primary operating system, and I installed PC BSD in a different partition: /dev/sda4 without installing it's boot loader. I figured out that I need to edit ...
4
votes
1answer
5k views

What is the easiest way to boot Linux from a USB drive on Intel Mac?

I would like to boot an Intel Mac from Linux on an external USB drive. Right now, I have install rEFIt and use grub on the internal hard disc to boot the external drive. That seems pretty complicated. ...
10
votes
5answers
11k views

Stop program running at startup in Linux

How do I stop a program running at startup in Linux. I want to remove some apps from startup to allow them to be managed by supervisord e.g apache2
8
votes
3answers
2k views

How should I configure grub for booting linux kernel from a USB hard drive?

I have a laptop hard drive in an external enclosure which I use as a large pendrive. For an added twist, I have installed Linux on it, so I can boot any machine with my distribution of choice (e.g. ...