The software that loads up the operating system or another boot-loader (chain loading).

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32
votes
9answers
4k views

What is the /boot partition really for?

I'm reading a relatively old text on Linux partitions and file systems (the LPIC 1 Certification Bible). It says: Some versions of the Linux boot loaders cannot access a kernel that is outside ...
25
votes
3answers
32k views

Installing Grub 2 on a USB flash drive

MultiBootISOs is a tool that let you install Grub on a USB flash drive. I really like it because it lets me boot from ISO files and let me put a bunch of ISOs on my USB and choose which one to boot. ...
21
votes
7answers
1k views

Why do most distributions chain UEFI and grub?

Most distributions install a additional boot loader on an UEFI system. UEFI itself is a boot loader, it offers a menu to select different operating systems or individual kernels. Furthermore, the UEFI ...
18
votes
3answers
3k views

FreeNAS grub2 booting ISO

I've got usb-keys setup to multi-boot different Linux images. I wouldn't mind adding FreeNAS, and there's a doc with samples to add to grub.cfg menuentry "FreeNAS-8.0.4-RELEASE-x64" { insmod ufs2 ...
15
votes
2answers
170k views

Recovering from 'grub rescue>' crash [closed]

Originally posted to AskUbuntu.com ... AskUbuntu has adopted a policy of closing questions about EOL (End Of Life) versions. There's a vocal contingent to remove them as well. To prevent ...
14
votes
4answers
4k views

discribe in details tha boot process of any linux system

I am preparing a document in detail showing light on the boot sequence of Linux right from pressing of Power-on button the host to the login prompt appearance. It would be great if we could combine ...
14
votes
3answers
27k views

What is the “Bootable flag” option when installing a distro?

Is the "bootable flag" needed in today's distributions? If not, then Why is it still in the installers? What is it exactly?
13
votes
2answers
531 views

How do I use the TPM to seal away data on an UEFI booted system?

I would like to seal away files on my system using keys stored in the TPM. Since my system uses UEFI to boot, I can no longer use TrustedGrub as a boot loader to maintain my trust chain. Are there any ...
10
votes
5answers
31k views

Installed Centos 7 after Windows and can't boot into CentOS

I wanted to setup a dual boot for Windows 7 and CentOS 7 I had a Windows 7 machine with 500GB disk. I shrank the Windows partition to provide space for CentOS 7 (roughly 230GB). I created a USB ...
9
votes
2answers
20k views

Windows boot option is missing after installing CentOS 7, how can I get it back?

I recently installed CentOS 7 on a machine that has been running Windows 7. I did a dual boot installation and installed CentOS in a partition. But when I boot up my machine, it only gives me two ...
9
votes
4answers
1k views

GRUB on USB Drive — adding OSes

Some Background: Coming from a largely Windows background (though I'm familiar with Ubuntu, etc.) and using a Windows 7 machine to complete this task Have gotten GRUB installed successfully to the ...
9
votes
2answers
18k views

How do I configure syslinux to boot immediately

I'm tweaking a Debian live system (built with live-build), and I want it to boot straight into the system from syslinux — no menu, no timeout. According to the syslinux documentation, a timeout value ...
8
votes
10answers
48k views

Install rEFInd on OS X 10.10 Yosemite

I want to dual boot my macbook with Arch Linux and thus tried to install rEFInd using the install script, however, after install rEFInd doesn't seem to start at all? Anyone experienced the same issue ...
7
votes
1answer
1k views

Can Grub2 multi-boot LUKS/LVM distros with only one boot partition?

There are many tutorials on the internet for multi-booting unencrypted distros using a single boot partition and chainloading. For example, booting 145 OSes. Likewise, there are tutorials for ...
7
votes
2answers
2k views

How can I boot the PC-BSD live DVD-ISO IMAGE directly via GRUB2?

Via the loopback command, GRUB2 allows to directly boot an ISO file. Now, I've configured the according menuentry to boot the PC-BSD Live DVD ISO, but when I try to boot it, the FreeBSD bootstrap ...
6
votes
2answers
2k views

How is a Linux kernel capable of accessing its assigned initramfs/initrd?

I'm trying to understand the boot process of a machine as a whole from the time you hit the power button. There's this one piece from bootloader to initramfs stage I don't quite understand among some ...
6
votes
2answers
2k views

Getting “NTFS5: No ang0” error message when booting Linux Mint

I am getting the following message as shown in the link below when trying to boot into linux mint 13. Try (hd0,0): NFTS5: No ang0 Try (hd0,1): NTFS5: No ang0 Try (hd0,2): NTFS5: No ang0 Try ...
6
votes
1answer
390 views

How to create yaboot partition using a ppc Mac

My computer g4 1.5 ghz PowerBook ppc I need to use this computer to make a yaboot partition on a USB stick. Here is documentation for making a yaboot partition with a Linux machine: ...
6
votes
2answers
4k views

Which Bootloader is Used on a Chromebook?

I installed ChrUbuntu on an Acer C7 Chromebook, and I am able to dual boot Ubuntu 12.04 and ChromeOS and to control which OS loads by default. I tried to edit the /etc/default/grub file and did run ...
5
votes
5answers
954 views

Bootstrapping a DSL installation onto a machine with no BIOS boot support

I have a vintage 2001 laptop (Vaio R505) which is very hardware limited. Fortunately there is much that works, but I can't figure how to make it work better. The two biggest constraints are 256MB RAM ...
5
votes
2answers
244 views

Ignorantly dd'd /dev/sda*

I was trying to write an iso to a flash drive. I mistakenly thought that all /dev/sda* are flash drives attached to the system. I wasn't sure how to figure out which was which, so I just unplugged my ...
5
votes
2answers
1k views

How to run a bootloader from Linux?

I want to reboot from Linux to another system (a bootable CD for my current need). I don't want to modifiy the current bootloader, nor to modify BIOS settings. Some Linux CD can be run from Windows ...
5
votes
2answers
9k views

Windows Boot Configuration Data (BCD) viewer for linux

Is there such a thing as a Windows Boot Configuration Data (BCD) viewer for Linux? I understand that BCD files are 'like registry hives' and tools exist to read registry hives for Linux. Is there a ...
5
votes
2answers
294 views

Should I use LILO or GRUB or other?

I am making a netinstall DVD which will have netinstall for 10 different Linux distros on it. I will need to install a bootloader on the disk so I can choose which distro I want to install. Which is ...
5
votes
1answer
341 views

Running one OS per core

I'm interested in using a COTS board like the Wandboard for a project. On one hand I'd like to use something like Ubuntu for user interaction, sounds, TCP/IP stuff, etc. But I also need an RTOS like ...
5
votes
1answer
217 views

Disabling TCP/IP during boot process in linux

I'm trying to install Linux on an FPGA board. The linux flavour is petalinux for Xilinx FPGA chips. The current Xilinx SoC has a Cortex A9 processor and a programmable hardware logic i.e FPGA. I ...
4
votes
2answers
1k views

Is it possible for a CentOS system on EC2 to not have a bootloader?

I'm attempting to look for grub: [root /]# find / -iname "*grub*" /sbin/grubby /usr/share/man/man8/grubby.8.gz /usr/share/vim/vim70/syntax/grub.vim /usr/share/vim/vim70/ftplugin/grub.vim ...
4
votes
2answers
4k views

How do I backup my partition table?

I just bought a new laptop with Windows 8 preloaded but without an actual Windows disk. I would obliterate the whole thing, but I need to use Visual Studio for one of my classes and the most recent ...
4
votes
1answer
3k views

“Missing operating system” error on boot

I replaced Windows 8 with Linux Mint. After the installation had completed, I restarted only to face a black screen with missing operating system. I thought the problem was with Mint so I decided to ...
4
votes
2answers
270 views

How do I make sure grub is only installed once?

I currently have Windows on one partition, and Ubuntu on another. I'd like to install Quimo, and possibly Mint and/or Lubuntu as well. How do I make sure that only Ubuntu has Grub, and that the ...
4
votes
3answers
20k views

CentOS boot time screen resolution

I'm trying to set the screen resolution in /etc/grub.conf using vga= on the kernel line: vga=788 I'm using CentOS 6.4. That command should set the screen resolution to 16bit 800x600 according to ...
4
votes
1answer
2k views

Installed CentOS, Now There is No Windows 8 Options on Restart

I bought a new PC with Windows 8 and wanted to dual-boot linux. I shrank the partition by 50GB in windows, then installed CentOS from a live CD. CentOS is working fine, but I can't boot into ...
4
votes
1answer
515 views

Does the vmlinux header contain the length of the kernel image?

I am trying to disassemble a compound file that consists of several parts, one of which is an uncompressed kernel sandwiched between several other files. I am trying to find the exact length of the ...
4
votes
2answers
4k views

Why is GRUB 2 booting so slowly?

I have a small custom embedded Linux distribution (created with OpenEmbedded), which boots with GRUB 1.99. The aim is to have it start up fast. Currently it says: GRUB loading. for ~2+ seconds ...
4
votes
4answers
4k views

How can I chainload GRUB from syslinux?

Due to the current state of my setup, I want to make Syslinux which is my main bootloader to chainload GRUB2. Google brings up plenty of info on how to chainload Syslinux from GRUB2, but nothing ...
4
votes
1answer
1k views

Can the grub2 bootloader replace Windows bootloader partition?

I'm dual-booting Windows and Kali Linux on my laptop, using GRUB 2 as the bootloader. Can I remove the partition Windows 7 creates for the bootloader? It is the 100 MB partition labeled "System ...
4
votes
1answer
4k views

Why am I getting btx halted trying to install FreeBSD?

When trying to install FreeBSD 8 off a USB Drive (UNetBootin loaded) I receive BTX Halted when choosing any of the Boot options. Boot FreeBSD [default] Boot FreeBSD width ACPI disabled Boot ...
4
votes
0answers
1k views

Install Linux on Chromebook with failed TPM module?

I have a Samsung XE303C12 Chromebook which apparently has a failed TPM module. It won't boot into ChromeOS, and when I try to recover the OS, I'm told that an error has occurred. I hit Tab and the ...
4
votes
1answer
167 views

Simple problem, Long read: How to overwrite file residing on ESP at Linux boot

First, foundation. Here is my setup: I have a 64-bit dual-boot system running Windows 7 and Linux Mint 17 Cinnamon. I use rEFInd to graphically choose which system to boot. A little bit about ...
4
votes
1answer
303 views

LVM - failed to install bootloader

I have Mint 16 installed on an LVM system. I originally had 3 logical volumes: lvswap, lvrootone, and lvstorage, with Mint 16 installed on lvrootone. I was hoping to use this scheme to upgrade and try ...
4
votes
1answer
866 views

Manually copying MBR from one drive to the other GPT drive and configuring GRUB results in booting failure

I run CentOS 6.4. I have SSD 300GB for system files and RAID10 8TB for storage + backup. SSD system drive is partitioned as follows: fdisk -l /dev/sdb Disk /dev/sdb: 300.1 GB, 300069052416 bytes 255 ...
3
votes
2answers
804 views

Where to find the VBR on the /dev/sda1 partition?

I have one built-in hard disk /dev/sda which looks like this: Disk /dev/sda: 160.0 GB, 160041885696 bytes 255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 19457 cylinders, total 312581808 sectors Units = sectors of 1 * ...
3
votes
1answer
10k views

How do I remove the timeout in the boot menu

I am a beginner to Linux so I installed several operating systems on my computer in a multiboot configuration (Ubuntu, Linux Mint, Windows, ...). When I turn on my PC, the boot menu appears with a ...
3
votes
2answers
655 views

How to query EFI signature

It appears that Grub-EFI will only boot a "signed" Linux kernel. Is there some command that will allow me to query a given kernel image to find out what signatures (if any) are present on it?
3
votes
2answers
7k views

Multiple boot: Windows-10 along Linux?

On a computer running for the long term Linux Mint 17 Xfce (ubuntu 14.04) along Windows 7 I have created another two separate partitions with the purpose of installing for the short term other systems ...
3
votes
3answers
2k views

reorder GRUB to list Windows on top

I have win 7 and linux mint 14 installed. Is it possible to modify the GRUB Menu to show Windows as the first option instead of Linux, which it currently does. Mainly so that during boot it starts ...
3
votes
2answers
645 views

How does a bootloader and kernel interact after the kernel is loaded in memory?

I'm a little bit confused about the role of bootloader and its interaction with kernel, especially when talking wrt ARM Llnux. Once the Kernel is loaded into RAM, is there any job left for the ...
3
votes
1answer
949 views

Arch Linux not showing bootloader on UEFI system

I recently installed Arch on my laptop (Dell Precision M4500). I had just changed the hard disk so I had to partition from scratch during the installation. I chose to go for a GPT partition and also ...
3
votes
1answer
1k views

Can I add Windows to my systemd-boot bootloader if I have separate EFI partitions?

I've just installed Arch Linux on to a new set of partitions on my Windows 8 machine. In doing so, I created a new 512MB EFI partition for Linux to load from, leaving the existing Windows EFI ...
3
votes
2answers
531 views

Easy way initrd to chain loading another kernel with kexec

I have here a machine which won't boot 64-bit kernels (it has efi32 with a little bit of... uncommon firmware). Currently, my only way to boot my 64-bit linux system is: Booting a 32-bit distro ...