.bashrc is the primary configuration file for the bash shell.

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Emacs alternate editor client server start

How can I get Emacs to start in server mode with the alternate editor? From this conversation, I was able to enable the server with the alternate editor. However, I just re-installed emacs and I am ...
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4answers
657 views

Bash aliases/functions and command line options

I want to set an alias to start nedit together with command line option -noautosave (due to text files up to 500MB). What seemed to be easy: alias nn="nedit -noautosave $1 &" just raises some ...
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2answers
846 views

Adding to PS1 in bash_profile

In my .bash_profile currently, I have PS1='\[\e[1;91m\][\u@\h \w]\$\[\e[0m\] '. I am trying to follow these commands to show branch name on iTerm terminal. I changed my PS1='\[\e[1;91m\][\u@\h ...
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4answers
672 views

Why no shebang in .bashrc/.bash_profile?

Simple inquiry: I have just realized that I have never seen a shebang on top of a .bashrc script, which leads me to think the system uses the default shell to source it upon login (${SHELL}). I am ...
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2answers
576 views

scp from remote host fails due to login greeting set in .bashrc [duplicate]

My simple file scp from a remote host (actually a locally run VM but that shouldn't matter) failed without displaying any error message but clearly not having copied the desired file: scp ...
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3answers
266 views

sudo command after long sleep call without re-prompting sudo password

I'm trying to write a simple bash function that sleeps X-number of mins and then runs a system sleep command (for me it's sudo pm-suspend since I'm on Ubuntu) right now the function looks like this: ...
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votes
3answers
2k views

How to tell if terminal session is running within screen

When running a bash script, I would like to be able to tell if it is running within a screen. Is this possible? I want this so that .bashrc can set the colour of the command prompt depending on ...
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2answers
155 views

How to make .bashrc call dependant on tmux program being installed?

I have a section in my .bashrc that fires up the tmux program (terminal multiplexor). However if the tmux program isn't installed (say I'm setting up a new computer) then having this in my .bashrc ...
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2answers
740 views

Redirect all stderr of a console and subsequent commands to a file [duplicate]

I know how to redirect stderr to a file or to the stdout when I issue a command: command 2 > log or command 2 > &1 or even command 2 > &1 > /dev/null. However, I want to redirect ...
3
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2answers
279 views

How can I use aliases in commands?

I have created aliases in my .bashrc for various frequently used long paths but I can not seem to be able to use them inside vim or with commands such as find or grep. E.g the following: db in cli ...
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3answers
110 views

I need to turn a series of commands piped together into an alias in .bashrc

sudo ifconfig wlan0 | grep 'inet addr:' | cut -d: -f2 | awk '{ print $1}' The above command when run from terminal outputs the right "internal" ip address. When I try to pass as alias like: alias ...
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2answers
167 views

Color PS1 based on previous command output [duplicate]

I have my current PS1 as follows. The $? output is really useful (second line). export PS1="\ ${PSOn_Blue}${PSBWhite}\t\ ${PSColor_Off} \$?\ ${PSColor_Off}${PSBGreen} \u\ ${PSColor_Off}${PSWhite}@\ ...
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0answers
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why bash history overlap the prompt when scroll up in the history? [duplicate]

I customized my bash prompt, PS1 value. ~/.bashrc: Color_Off='\e[0m' # Text Reset BGreen='\e[1;32m' # Green BPurple='\e[1;35m' # Purple BWhite='\e[1;37m' # White ...
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0answers
576 views

.bashrc alias not working [closed]

I have set up a few aliases in my .bashrc file, like the following: alias ras='rails server' alias res='redis-server' alias rc='rails console' alias be='bundle exec' # git alias's are as follows ...
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3answers
202 views

In bash, how can I erase an alias without logout? [duplicate]

I had an alias in my .bashrc and I really don't want it anymore. I erased the alias, but my bash already has this alias loaded. Can I erase this alias from this bash without logging out?
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1answer
105 views

Keep two bash history files, one with ignoredups, one with everything

For the purposes of looking at which commands I am using the most, I'd like to keep a record of command I type in my bash history (even duplicates). But, for sanity and ease of use, I still want to ...
3
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1answer
4k views

How to colorize “root” in red in CentOS?

This is the content of /etc/bashrc, I would like to modify it for show "root" as red but don't know where to add the color code. # /etc/bashrc # System wide functions and aliases # Environment stuff ...
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1answer
118 views

Is it possible to change shell using bashrc when assigned a nologin default shell?

i have assigned a /sbin/nologin shell to a user while creating that user (specifying -s option in useradd), if this user logs in using SFTP and changes his .bashrc file, will he be able to change his ...
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1answer
1k views

How can I change screen's hardstatus color based on the logged in user?

I haven't edited/created a .screenrc file in a while, but this is what I'm currently using: # Turn off the screen startup message startup_message off # Define format of bottom ...
2
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1answer
5k views

sftp gives an error: “Received message too long” and what is the reason?

I was able to do sftp yesterday to a RHEL 5.4 box (RedHat) and today I can't. The message is "Received message too long 778199411", and after some investigation, it was due to my RHEL box's .bashrc ...
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2answers
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What is the difference between '.' and 'source' in shells? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: running script with “. ” and with “source ” I have used both the dot command '.' and 'source' to reload a given rc file (typically to update my environment variables) ...
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4answers
2k views

execute bash script inside .bashrc

Hi I am curious if it is possible to execute a bash script inside bash rc. It would seem to create a infinite loop unless there was some way to tell it to not try and start a new shell. Here is an ...
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1answer
744 views

Login script for bash not loading

I am very confused about the login script for bash. I have always used ~/.bash_profile to configure my bash shell. Now I am on a new system just as a user: I am not root. This system was originally ...
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1answer
538 views

View shell function's current definition

So I am editing bashrc constantly, and I have a terminal open with a working function definition, although bashrc has been updated with a wrong function definition. (Because the definition do not ...
2
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1answer
240 views

How to make a permanent variable

In terminal: VAR="Extremely long and often used command" echo $VAR Output: Extremely long and often used command So far it works fine, but after restarting a terminal my variable doesn't ...
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3answers
822 views

Run ssh login command without modifying remote .bashrc

We have a bunch of servers set up with set -o vi in their ~/.bashrc. It would be nice to be able to ssh into these boxes and automagically run set -o emacs as a timesave. I've seen a solution ...
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1answer
617 views

Bash script for Angstrom

I have written a bash script to automate cross-compiling an OpenCV program: echo "Compiling started for: $1" if [[ $1 == *.c ]] then gcc -ggdb `pkg-config --cflags opencv` -o `basename $1 .c` $1 ...
2
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1answer
156 views

How to link different (incompatible) libraries at runtime depending on program?

I have a number of legacy codes that need to be compiled with specific (and often conflicting) libraries. To be specific I have a program which can only be compiled with g77 and another program which ...
2
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3answers
333 views

What is the difference between ./script and . ./script? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Using ‘.’ to execute files in bash I was trying to figure out how to export my environmental via script instead of changing my .bashrc file. I found this old useful ...
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3answers
2k views

Added bin directory to my path, can't execute commands in it with 'sudo command'

I made a bin directory in my home folder where I place all my scripts. Then in my .bashrc I added the following: export PATH=$PATH:/home/myusername/bin So I could access files I placed in there ...
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5answers
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How to test for possible conflicts while using alias in bashrc?

Is there a simple way to list all the command conflicts that have occurred in the system due to the bashrc update involving alias commands? For example, someone writes alias ...
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2answers
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What is the difference between interactive shells, login shells, non-login shell and their use cases? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Difference between Login Shell and Non-Login Shell? I have been looking at /etc/profile. bash.bashrc to see how they are run, and notice that some are executed by ...
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2answers
8k views

Global bash_profile

I realize there are /etc/profile and /etc/bashrc files for setting global environment variables and maybe I'm just misunderstanding their purposes, but... Is there a global bash_profile file? I'm ...
4
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1answer
2k views

Problems with automatically starting screen on SSH login

I'm looking at http://taint.org/wk/RemoteLoginAutoScreen to setup my server so it autostarts a screen session when I login via SSH. I have added the following to my .bashrc: # Auto-screen ...
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2answers
134 views

Is there any way I can fit this into my ~/.bashrc as a function?

I just discovered this useful bit of code on this useful-looking website. #!/bin/sh exec tclsh "$0" ${1+"$@"} proc main {} { set lines [lrange [split [read stdin] \n] 0 end-1] set count ...
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0answers
430 views

How to use history commands with readonly PROMPT_COMMAND?

I'm sometimes logged in on a host which I do not control and where PROMPT_COMMAND is readonly. Is there some way to work around this to run history commands anyway, for example using PS1? I've tried ...
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3answers
8k views

How do I get rid of Cygwin's /cygdrive prefix in all paths?

I'm switching to Cygwin from the bash shell that ships with Git for Windows, and encountering a strange problem. Someone thought it would be a good idea to add /cygdrive/ to all paths, while I think ...
2
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3answers
539 views

When the lines of a file or directory get too long, upgrade to ls list format?

Is there a way I can do this? For example if a gets a long name like: i-have-names-that-are-too-long-to-describe/ i-have-names-that-are-too-long-to-describe-2/ ...
0
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2answers
2k views

How to assign user root rights?

I have Suse Linux on my desktop. So I am root and "normal" user. Frequently e.g. to start tomcat or install/remove a program I should use sudo or switch to super user. But I have defined many aliases ...
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3answers
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What is the difference between ~/.profile, ~/.bashrc, ~/.bash_profile, ~/.gnomerc, /etc/bash_bashrc, /etc/screenrc …?

Answers to the questions on SO and askubuntu, along with poking through (and reading headers of) $HOME and /etc/, indicate a number of files that can be used to set environment variables, including: ...
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3answers
1k views

Issues with .bash_profile and terminal commands

I added some data to my .bash_profile to run two aliases ruby version 19 and the proper gems. As soon as I added the data I could not longer run any commands such as the MacPorts command port nor the ...
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1answer
140 views

What's the right way to reuse this one-liner?

I recently came up with the following one-liner: for f in *.mp3; do sha1sum $f | sed -r 's/[a-z]//g' | cut -c1-2 | awk '{ print ($1 >= 255) ? $1 - $1 + (1/3)*$1 : $1 }' | xargs -i id3v2 -T {} $f; ...
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4k views

How can I find a rogue alias declaration?

I'm trying to find where a specific alias has been declared. I've searched all the usual places I know to look for aliases: ~/.bashrc ~/.bash_profile /etc/bashrc /etc/profile With no luck. I know ...
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1answer
244 views

Fedora 7 server export in .bashrc not getting set [duplicate]

I'm trying to set the JAVA_HOME environment variable in my .bashrc but every time I log back in it gets unset again to its original value, below is my .bashrc file # .bashrc # User specific aliases ...
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2answers
7k views

Where is the system profile that gets sourced at login on CentOS 5.8?

In CentOS release 5.8 (Final), where is the bash system profile? Is it /etc/profile ? I've added the following to source my ~/.bashrc file but haven't had any luck as it fails. I know it fails ...
3
votes
1answer
247 views

Alias in .bashrc doesn't seem to accept an argument [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: In Bash, when to alias, when to script, and when to write a function? I'm trying to setup an alias in my .bashrc file, but it's not working as expected. I have this ...
11
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4answers
940 views

How can I source the bashrc file every time I 'clear'

This might be a bad idea. The more I think about it the more I come to the realization that I probably shouldn't do it... but I've been trying and failing so I REALLY want to know how to do it, even ...
9
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7answers
10k views

Doing simple math on the command line using bash functions: $1 divided by $2 (using bc perhaps)

Sometimes I need to divide one number by another. It would be great if I could just define a bash function for this. So far, I am forced to use expressions like echo 'scale=25;65320/670' | bc but ...
8
votes
1answer
1k views

How to detect when a shell is owned by a remote SSH session?

My question is similar to this one, but I'm looking for something slightly different. I have a notebook PC that I use to access Linux machines on a network in two different scenarios: I have a ...
169
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6answers
287k views

How to correctly add a path to PATH?

I'm wondering where a new path has to be added to PATH environment variable. I know this is accomplished editing .bash_rc (for example), but it's not clear how to do this. This way: export ...