.bashrc is the primary configuration file for the bash shell.

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4
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1answer
256 views

bashrc lazy substitution

How does one get ~/.bashrc aliases to evaluate $() substitutions at run time, instead of at the time that ~/.bashrc is executed (when opening a terminal)? I run this command often enough that I would ...
4
votes
1answer
134 views

Keep two bash history files, one with ignoredups, one with everything

For the purposes of looking at which commands I am using the most, I'd like to keep a record of command I type in my bash history (even duplicates). But, for sanity and ease of use, I still want to ...
4
votes
1answer
194 views

Load aliases from .bashrc file while using sudo

I have set aliases for a few programs in the .bashrc file, and they work fine without sudo and they don't with sudo. Is there a way to get those aliases work with sudo? For example: nano text.txt #...
4
votes
2answers
311 views

What's a smart way to use/maintain two separate bash_profile's and vimrc's

I have two different setups I like to use in terminal and vim. One uses a light background and a somewhat fancy airline statusline in vim. The other uses a dark background and a more barebones vim ...
4
votes
1answer
333 views

Alias in .bashrc doesn't seem to accept an argument [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: In Bash, when to alias, when to script, and when to write a function? I'm trying to setup an alias in my .bashrc file, but it's not working as expected. I have this alias ...
4
votes
1answer
3k views

Can I run a command loaded from .bashrc with sudo?

I have some custom functions and aliases defined in my .bashrc file. Sometimes I need to execute whem as root. I then do something like: $ sudo custom_cmd 80 ...
4
votes
1answer
949 views

PS: what does “ps -o comm= -p $PPID” do

I have a script which does ps -o comm= -p $PPID. The explanation says this gets the parent process name. From the man page I found out -o means user defined format, comm means command and -p means ...
4
votes
1answer
4k views

Jenkins does not use system's locales

I got a interesting behavior in Jenkins. Jenkins' shell does not use my systems locales. Jenkins runs as user jenkins on my system. Logged in as jenkins via SSH: locale displayed: LANG=en_US....
4
votes
2answers
465 views

Can 'ssh <host> <command>' be configured to always load server-side startup files?

I would like run remote ssh commands and have them always load server-side startup files by default. I am looking for a solution that does not require: configuration by root adding extra boiler ...
3
votes
2answers
397 views

what is the command [ -s “$NVM_DIR/nvm.sh” ] && . “$NVM_DIR/nvm.sh” doing

I found the following command in the .profile file while installing node through nvm: [ -s "$NVM_DIR/nvm.sh" ] && . "$NVM_DIR/nvm.sh" I want to know what is the the purpose of [] and &&...
3
votes
2answers
4k views

What is the difference between '.' and 'source' in shells? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: running script with “. ” and with “source ” I have used both the dot command '.' and 'source' to reload a given rc file (typically to update my environment variables) but I ...
3
votes
3answers
2k views

sudo command doesn't source /root/.bashrc

I have added a custom path to PATH variable in my /root/.bashrc file When i do sudo su; echo $PATH, it shows the entry, '/path/to/custom/bins'. But i do sudo sh -c 'echo $PATH', it shows, /usr/...
3
votes
3answers
3k views

Why root does not source .bash_profile?

Everytime I try to login as root using su (not su -), it doesn't source .bash_profile in user1's home directory. Basically my /var/root directory doesn't have .bash_profile, so I put a copy of ....
3
votes
2answers
204 views

Can I concatenate a bash alias?

Sample : to use Composer locally, I must write : php composer.phar After some locals installation of Composer, I want to alias it only "composer" but keeping absolute path with "pwd" command. I ...
3
votes
4answers
2k views

Non-interactive shell expand alias

I'm having trouble getting aliases to expand on my hosting account when I run a command like: ssh user@server "bash -c \"alias\"" My .bashrc file is: echo .bashrc # .bashrc shopt -s ...
3
votes
2answers
90 views

regenerate .bashrc from current shell

So I stupidly inadvertently destroyed ~/.bashrc. If I have open terminals with the settings that were previously there, is there a way to export the current settings back to a new .bashrc? (I've tried ...
3
votes
2answers
98 views

Handling duplicate programs names bash

I'm wondering if $PATH cascades entries. You'll all need to take a leap of faith with me here, but here it goes. Let's say we have a Java executable at /usr/bin/java but this version is very old and ...
3
votes
1answer
226 views

To export or not to export bash PS1 variable

I just spent a lot of time reading up on login and interactive shells and why one should or should not set environment variables, shell functions, etc. in the various profile and bashrc files. In this ...
3
votes
2answers
493 views

How can I use nested [] to replace a if-then-fi ? (“[: -f: binary operator expected”)

In my .bashrc file I have: if [ -f /etc/bash_completion ] && ! shopt -oq posix; then . /etc/bash_completion; fi I wanted to use [] around it instead of if then fi I already have [ -f ~/....
3
votes
2answers
191 views

How to make .bashrc call dependant on tmux program being installed?

I have a section in my .bashrc that fires up the tmux program (terminal multiplexor). However if the tmux program isn't installed (say I'm setting up a new computer) then having this in my .bashrc ...
3
votes
4answers
1k views

Bash aliases/functions and command line options

I want to set an alias to start nedit together with command line option -noautosave (due to text files up to 500MB). What seemed to be easy: alias nn="nedit -noautosave $1 &" just raises some ...
3
votes
1answer
170 views

What does . ~/.bashrc command do? [duplicate]

I was viewing my .bash_profile file, and I saw this written inside a block of if statement: if [ -f ~/.bashrc ]; then . ~/.bashrc Can someone explain what the second line is actually doing?
3
votes
2answers
440 views

How can I use aliases in commands?

I have created aliases in my .bashrc for various frequently used long paths but I can not seem to be able to use them inside vim or with commands such as find or grep. E.g the following: db in cli ...
3
votes
2answers
151 views

Is there any way I can fit this into my ~/.bashrc as a function?

I just discovered this useful bit of code on this useful-looking website. #!/bin/sh exec tclsh "$0" ${1+"$@"} proc main {} { set lines [lrange [split [read stdin] \n] 0 end-1] set count [...
3
votes
3answers
1k views

When the lines of a file or directory get too long, upgrade to ls list format?

Is there a way I can do this? For example if a gets a long name like: i-have-names-that-are-too-long-to-describe/ i-have-names-that-are-too-long-to-describe-2/ i-have-names-that-are-too-long-to-...
3
votes
1answer
132 views

Does “color” in TERM always mean I can use colors?

Should the following always indicate that I can use escape sequences and tput to colorize things? if [[ $TERM == *"color"* ]]; then true else false fi
3
votes
1answer
2k views

How to print last login time?

I'd like to know how to set in .bashrc file to print the last login time of users when logging into another user in terminal. I do know that with who or last, but I'd like something a little more ...
3
votes
3answers
2k views

Upstart - load bashrc variable

I'm wondering how to load bashrc variables in an upstart script and run (node.js in that case server). What is the best way to do it? I tried this: exec sudo -u someuser $NODE_PATH $FULL_PATH/$...
3
votes
1answer
1k views

Where can I find a good boilerplate bashrc?

I've used unix/linux at work in the past, and recently started developing on a Mac. I'd always (lovingly) borrow co-workers' bashrc's for a good starting point, such as common aliasing and commands, ...
3
votes
1answer
44 views

Sourcing .bashrc from ssh after removing the prompt string check

I have a .bashrc file that needs to be sourced non-interactively. The problem is that on the file there is this return statement preventing from sourcing by code: [ -z "$PS1" ] && return ...
3
votes
1answer
301 views

Bash scripts ran from from gnome/nautilus don't have enviroment variables

In my ~/.bashrc and ~/.profile I have some variables set to some filepaths: export MY_VAR1="/path/to/somewhere" In my ~/bin/ (which is added to my PATH) I have a few scripts that rely on those ...
3
votes
1answer
173 views

Match empty line in an alias .bashrc

I would like to bind my empty line in my bash to a specific command (for example pwd, ls, ...), like so : $<enter> $/home/ I tried // ~/.bashrc alias ="pwd" But obviously this was ...
3
votes
3answers
8k views

Messed up bash.bashrc file, commands not working anymore

Trying installing Java, I tried to add it to the executable path with the line: export PATH=/usr/lib/jvm/jdk1.7.0_60/bin:$PATH in the system-wide /etc/bash.bashrc file. For some reason this ...
3
votes
1answer
103 views

Start all terminal sessions within /usr/bin/script

I would like to expend some disk space recording all input and output to my terminal sessions; /usr/bin/script appears to be fairly good at that. I would like to make it so all new shell sessions (...
3
votes
1answer
8k views

When I run “sudo su” I get --bash: command not found for everything

I'm not good with command lines or servers. But I needed to configure for work a AMI of EC2 AWS with LINUX So I've installed a lot of stuff, moved a lot of stuff around and then I realized that sudo ...
3
votes
1answer
530 views

Bash prompt: using \[ and \] within PROMPT_COMMAND

I'm working on a bash prompt. I'm also trying to create the prompt intelligently, so that it will be easily readable and maintainable. That means not having one huge export PS1. Various sources (...
3
votes
1answer
60 views

Why did my “d” break when I screwed up a bind?

I was swapping some readline settings in my .bashrc earlier today and mistyped the following (bind since it's not in .inputrc): bind "mark-symlinked-directories on" I forgot to put a set in there ...
3
votes
2answers
7k views

How to colorize “root” in red in CentOS?

This is the content of /etc/bashrc, I would like to modify it for show "root" as red but don't know where to add the color code. # /etc/bashrc # System wide functions and aliases # Environment stuff ...
3
votes
3answers
2k views

Issues with .bash_profile and terminal commands

I added some data to my .bash_profile to run two aliases ruby version 19 and the proper gems. As soon as I added the data I could not longer run any commands such as the MacPorts command port nor the ...
3
votes
0answers
116 views

Monitor exit code in tmux

Is there a way to update tmux window attributes based on command exit status? Similar to activity monitoring, I would like the title to change color when a command exits, say, green for success and ...
3
votes
1answer
34 views

What controls the home directory in applications like Geeqie and Thunar?

I have a line in my .bashrc that cd's to a specific directory. For as long as I can remember, this only changed the directory in which terminal sessions began. But then at some point recently, GUI ...
3
votes
0answers
1k views

.bashrc alias not working [closed]

I have set up a few aliases in my .bashrc file, like the following: alias ras='rails server' alias res='redis-server' alias rc='rails console' alias be='bundle exec' # git alias's are as follows ...
3
votes
1answer
270 views

Invoke subshell command with loaded rcfile

I have some Python code that does: (this is a simplified version) shell = os.environ['SHELL'] os.environ['PATH'] = ... # some new PATH value if call(shell, '-c', '...
2
votes
4answers
17k views

Where is .bashrc file found in Linux?

I am not finding my .bash_login and .bash_profile root@linux:~# locate .bash* /etc/bash.bashrc /etc/skel/.bashrc /etc/skel/.bashrc.original /home/noroot/.bashrc /home/noroot/.bashrc.original /root/....
2
votes
3answers
322 views

In bash, how can I erase an alias without logout? [duplicate]

I had an alias in my .bashrc and I really don't want it anymore. I erased the alias, but my bash already has this alias loaded. Can I erase this alias from this bash without logging out?
2
votes
4answers
396 views

How do I append multiple lines involving variables to the end of a bash script?

I would like to add: function ps_mem { python /home/vagrant/ps_mem/ps_mem.py -p $@ } To the end of ~/.bashrc from the command-line. I have tried using: printf "function ps_mem {\n python /home/...
2
votes
1answer
299 views

How to make a permanent variable

In terminal: VAR="Extremely long and often used command" echo $VAR Output: Extremely long and often used command So far it works fine, but after restarting a terminal my variable doesn't ...
2
votes
3answers
486 views

sudo command after long sleep call without re-prompting sudo password

I'm trying to write a simple bash function that sleeps X-number of mins and then runs a system sleep command (for me it's sudo pm-suspend since I'm on Ubuntu) right now the function looks like this: ...
2
votes
1answer
4k views

.bashrc doesn't get executed

I have a user (non-root) which has a ~/.bashrc file with some aliases in it. But it doesn't look like the file is executed at log in time. If I do source ~/.bashrc then it does what it's supposed to. ...
2
votes
2answers
2k views

How to execute source command from sh file

I have file called install.sh and within this file I write something to $HOME/.bashrc file and after that I must call source command. In terminal I can type source $HOME/.bashrc but I can't do this in ...