.bashrc is the primary configuration file for the bash shell.

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3
votes
2answers
427 views

How can I use nested [] to replace a if-then-fi ? (“[: -f: binary operator expected”)

In my .bashrc file I have: if [ -f /etc/bash_completion ] && ! shopt -oq posix; then . /etc/bash_completion; fi I wanted to use [] around it instead of if then fi I already have [ -f ...
3
votes
2answers
166 views

How to make .bashrc call dependant on tmux program being installed?

I have a section in my .bashrc that fires up the tmux program (terminal multiplexor). However if the tmux program isn't installed (say I'm setting up a new computer) then having this in my .bashrc ...
3
votes
2answers
120 views

What's a smart way to use/maintain two separate bash_profile's and vimrc's

I have two different setups I like to use in terminal and vim. One uses a light background and a somewhat fancy airline statusline in vim. The other uses a dark background and a more barebones vim ...
3
votes
4answers
771 views

Bash aliases/functions and command line options

I want to set an alias to start nedit together with command line option -noautosave (due to text files up to 500MB). What seemed to be easy: alias nn="nedit -noautosave $1 &" just raises some ...
3
votes
1answer
142 views

What does . ~/.bashrc command do? [duplicate]

I was viewing my .bash_profile file, and I saw this written inside a block of if statement: if [ -f ~/.bashrc ]; then . ~/.bashrc Can someone explain what the second line is actually doing? ...
3
votes
2answers
324 views

How can I use aliases in commands?

I have created aliases in my .bashrc for various frequently used long paths but I can not seem to be able to use them inside vim or with commands such as find or grep. E.g the following: db in cli ...
3
votes
1answer
7k views

sftp gives an error: “Received message too long” and what is the reason?

I was able to do sftp yesterday to a RHEL 5.4 box (RedHat) and today I can't. The message is "Received message too long 778199411", and after some investigation, it was due to my RHEL box's .bashrc ...
3
votes
2answers
139 views

Is there any way I can fit this into my ~/.bashrc as a function?

I just discovered this useful bit of code on this useful-looking website. #!/bin/sh exec tclsh "$0" ${1+"$@"} proc main {} { set lines [lrange [split [read stdin] \n] 0 end-1] set count ...
3
votes
1answer
933 views

Where can I find a good boilerplate bashrc?

I've used unix/linux at work in the past, and recently started developing on a Mac. I'd always (lovingly) borrow co-workers' bashrc's for a good starting point, such as common aliasing and commands, ...
3
votes
1answer
392 views

How to print last login time?

I'd like to know how to set in .bashrc file to print the last login time of users when logging into another user in terminal. I do know that with who or last, but I'd like something a little more ...
3
votes
1answer
152 views

Bash scripts ran from from gnome/nautilus don't have enviroment variables

In my ~/.bashrc and ~/.profile I have some variables set to some filepaths: export MY_VAR1="/path/to/somewhere" In my ~/bin/ (which is added to my PATH) I have a few scripts that rely on those ...
3
votes
1answer
116 views

Match empty line in an alias .bashrc

I would like to bind my empty line in my bash to a specific command (for example pwd, ls, ...), like so : $<enter> $/home/ I tried // ~/.bashrc alias ="pwd" But obviously this was ...
3
votes
3answers
4k views

Messed up bash.bashrc file, commands not working anymore

Trying installing Java, I tried to add it to the executable path with the line: export PATH=/usr/lib/jvm/jdk1.7.0_60/bin:$PATH in the system-wide /etc/bash.bashrc file. For some reason this ...
3
votes
1answer
54 views

Why did my “d” break when I screwed up a bind?

I was swapping some readline settings in my .bashrc earlier today and mistyped the following (bind since it's not in .inputrc): bind "mark-symlinked-directories on" I forgot to put a set in there ...
3
votes
2answers
4k views

HISTTIMEFORMAT modification. In /etc/bash.rc or /etc/profile? [duplicate]

I'd like to add the date/time to the output of the history command in CentOS/RHEL 6. I would like this to apply to all users on the machine by default. This itself is easy. It seems to just be a case ...
3
votes
2answers
5k views

How to colorize “root” in red in CentOS?

This is the content of /etc/bashrc, I would like to modify it for show "root" as red but don't know where to add the color code. # /etc/bashrc # System wide functions and aliases # Environment stuff ...
3
votes
1answer
71 views

Bash prompt: using \[ and \] within PROMPT_COMMAND

I'm working on a bash prompt. I'm also trying to create the prompt intelligently, so that it will be easily readable and maintainable. That means not having one huge export PS1. Various sources ...
3
votes
3answers
1k views

Issues with .bash_profile and terminal commands

I added some data to my .bash_profile to run two aliases ruby version 19 and the proper gems. As soon as I added the data I could not longer run any commands such as the MacPorts command port nor the ...
3
votes
0answers
727 views

.bashrc alias not working [closed]

I have set up a few aliases in my .bashrc file, like the following: alias ras='rails server' alias res='redis-server' alias rc='rails console' alias be='bundle exec' # git alias's are as follows ...
3
votes
1answer
120 views

Invoke subshell command with loaded rcfile

I have some Python code that does: (this is a simplified version) shell = os.environ['SHELL'] os.environ['PATH'] = ... # some new PATH value if call(shell, '-c', ...
2
votes
3answers
248 views

In bash, how can I erase an alias without logout? [duplicate]

I had an alias in my .bashrc and I really don't want it anymore. I erased the alias, but my bash already has this alias loaded. Can I erase this alias from this bash without logging out?
2
votes
2answers
3k views

What is the difference between '.' and 'source' in shells? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: running script with “. ” and with “source ” I have used both the dot command '.' and 'source' to reload a given rc file (typically to update my environment variables) ...
2
votes
3answers
617 views

bashrc in custom folder [duplicate]

I want to cleanup my home folder and have managed to move out most of the configuration files to the .config folder. But, one file I'm not able to figure out is the .bashrc file. How can I specify ...
2
votes
1answer
246 views

How to make a permanent variable

In terminal: VAR="Extremely long and often used command" echo $VAR Output: Extremely long and often used command So far it works fine, but after restarting a terminal my variable doesn't ...
2
votes
3answers
332 views

sudo command after long sleep call without re-prompting sudo password

I'm trying to write a simple bash function that sleeps X-number of mins and then runs a system sleep command (for me it's sudo pm-suspend since I'm on Ubuntu) right now the function looks like this: ...
2
votes
1answer
3k views

.bashrc doesn't get executed

I have a user (non-root) which has a ~/.bashrc file with some aliases in it. But it doesn't look like the file is executed at log in time. If I do source ~/.bashrc then it does what it's supposed to. ...
2
votes
3answers
353 views

Why root does not source .bash_profile?

Everytime I try to login as root using su (not su -), it doesn't source .bash_profile in user1's home directory. Basically my /var/root directory doesn't have .bash_profile, so I put a copy of ...
2
votes
2answers
106 views

Can I recover my .bash_profile from an open Terminal tab?

I'm actually using a Macbook Pro, and am quite new to non-Windows OS' (I know, for shame!), and I've made the mistake of overwriting my bash profile, instead of appending to it... (n00b!). What I do ...
2
votes
2answers
600 views

How to create permanent aliases on Unix-like systems?

I am looking for a simple way to create a permanent alias for all users. So ~/.bashrc or ~/.bash_profile is not an option. Hasn't anybody created a program for this? I think it should be a very ...
2
votes
2answers
959 views

Non-interactive shell expand alias

I'm having trouble getting aliases to expand on my hosting account when I run a command like: ssh user@server "bash -c \"alias\"" My .bashrc file is: echo .bashrc # .bashrc shopt -s ...
2
votes
3answers
388 views

What is the difference between ./script and . ./script? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Using ‘.’ to execute files in bash I was trying to figure out how to export my environmental via script instead of changing my .bashrc file. I found this old useful ...
2
votes
3answers
675 views

When the lines of a file or directory get too long, upgrade to ls list format?

Is there a way I can do this? For example if a gets a long name like: i-have-names-that-are-too-long-to-describe/ i-have-names-that-are-too-long-to-describe-2/ ...
2
votes
1answer
279 views

Including .bash_profile over ssh

I am trying to write a script that will: Copy files to a server (I already have a script copy.sh that does this task) ssh to that server cd to the directory where the files I just copied are run ...
2
votes
2answers
105 views

How do I remove the new environment commands that were created by the virtualenvwrapper script?

I've installed and run virtuarenvwrapper.sh to try to configure an alternate version of python on my system. This script has placed somewhere a series of commands that are now executed whenever I ...
2
votes
4answers
900 views

Defining aliases for a certain directory

Is there a way to have an alias set for a particular directory and its subdirectories? I know I can put it in my .bashrc file, but I would like it only for a certain directory. Edit: what i mean is ...
2
votes
1answer
211 views

How to make an alias active in both current session and in .bashrc at same time?

I just found frequently I decide to add an alias for longer time use at the same time use it now. So I have to type the same thing twice, first in current bash session then .bashrc.
2
votes
2answers
226 views

Color PS1 based on previous command output [duplicate]

I have my current PS1 as follows. The $? output is really useful (second line). export PS1="\ ${PSOn_Blue}${PSBWhite}\t\ ${PSColor_Off} \$?\ ${PSColor_Off}${PSBGreen} \u\ ${PSColor_Off}${PSWhite}@\ ...
2
votes
1answer
58 views

bashrc behaviour differs when opening a session or opening a terminal

I'm using RHEL 6.6. I got a problem configuring my .bashrc file. I have a sudo su - dummy followed by an exit in it. When I open a terminal, the current user is changes to dummy. If I type exit, I go ...
2
votes
1answer
183 views

Bash: How to get different color for the command line and its output? [duplicate]

Basically, I am trying to edit my .bashrc such that when I type ls or whatever I type on the console, it will be displayed in Green color. At the same time, all the results / output displayed by ls or ...
2
votes
3answers
1k views

Upstart - load bashrc variable

I'm wondering how to load bashrc variables in an upstart script and run (node.js in that case server). What is the best way to do it? I tried this: exec sudo -u someuser $NODE_PATH ...
2
votes
1answer
176 views

How to link different (incompatible) libraries at runtime depending on program?

I have a number of legacy codes that need to be compiled with specific (and often conflicting) libraries. To be specific I have a program which can only be compiled with g77 and another program which ...
2
votes
1answer
72 views

When i run “sudo su” i get --bash: command not found for everything

I'm not good with command lines nor servers. But I needed to configure for work a AMI of EC2 AWS with LINUX So I've installed a lot of stuff, moved a lot of stuff around and then I realized that sudo ...
2
votes
1answer
56 views

change terminal appearance according to server

I have 2 different serves (all running Linux) to which I connect via ssh . After login all terminal background looks same. I want to have different color theme or background for different servers. For ...
2
votes
1answer
408 views

Opening multiple tabs in gnome-terminal, having them automatically password-lessly ssh to servers and do so using alias from my bashrc file

I regularly have to ssh into four or so servers we run, at the same time. I have aliased these like. SERVER1=root@server1 alias sshserver1='ssh -t ${SERVER1} "bash -rcfile .my_bashrc"' # Above line ...
2
votes
1answer
1k views

Jenkins does not use system's locales

I got a interesting behavior in Jenkins. Jenkins' shell does not use my systems locales. Jenkins runs as user jenkins on my system. Logged in as jenkins via SSH: locale displayed: ...
2
votes
1answer
897 views

.bashrc and .bash_profile not executed [closed]

I'm running RHEL5. I added simple alias command into ~/.bashrc. When I start a new terminal, nothing happens but source ~/.bashrc works so I know the syntax is correct. I also ...
2
votes
3answers
70 views

bash: dynamic environment control

I have an application which modifies environment variables. The intent is to launch a bash shell with a modified context-specific environment. When my application modifies the environment, and ...
2
votes
1answer
204 views

Change the PS1 prompt in a subshell sh called from parent bash

When I am running an interactive bash session, I sometimes experiment with sh. I call sh directly from this bash session. My question is, how can I change the PS1 prompt of this subshell? I would ...
2
votes
2answers
128 views

bashrc that calls other bashrc depending on linux distro

I login to a system that reads my bashrc file and loads some software ready to use. I'd like to load a given bashrc file depending on the linux system that I am logging into. Specifically, if I am ...
2
votes
1answer
19 views

What controls the home directory in applications like Geeqie and Thunar?

I have a line in my .bashrc that cd's to a specific directory. For as long as I can remember, this only changed the directory in which terminal sessions began. But then at some point recently, GUI ...