.bashrc is the primary configuration file for the bash shell.

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3
votes
1answer
86 views

Start all terminal sessions within /usr/bin/script

I would like to expend some disk space recording all input and output to my terminal sessions; /usr/bin/script appears to be fairly good at that. I would like to make it so all new shell sessions (...
6
votes
2answers
12k views

sftp gives an error: “Received message too long” and what is the reason?

I was able to do sftp yesterday to a RHEL 5.4 box (RedHat) and today I can't. The message is "Received message too long 778199411", and after some investigation, it was due to my RHEL box's .bashrc ...
1
vote
1answer
101 views

How can I use debian_chroot in bashrc to identify the chroot env?

I see the following in ~/.bashrc : if [ -z "${debian_chroot:-}" ] && [ -r /etc/debian_chroot ]; then debian_chroot=$(cat /etc/debian_chroot) fi which means if the variable is ...
3
votes
1answer
173 views

To export or not to export bash PS1 variable

I just spent a lot of time reading up on login and interactive shells and why one should or should not set environment variables, shell functions, etc. in the various profile and bashrc files. In this ...
0
votes
0answers
32 views

Fill the name of last-run program in Bash

Suppose I execute some command: ls -l ~/some_dir. I would like to create an alias, such that I could execute man with the name of the last-run program as a parameter, i.e., man ls in this case. ...
0
votes
1answer
159 views

How to remove the return code from the terminal prompt in Sugar on a Stick?

I am using Sugar on a Stick (Fedora 23) 0.106 for i686 as a distro. Here's the link to the website of this distro: https://sugarlabs.org When I use the terminal I get a very weird behaviour. For ...
0
votes
1answer
81 views

Bash: Tab completion with cdable_vars

I've been relying on this hack for jumping around in the file system for a couple of years before finding out today that I can do the same thing using native Bash by activating the option cdable_vars. ...
2
votes
1answer
6k views

When I run “sudo su” I get --bash: command not found for everything

I'm not good with command lines or servers. But I needed to configure for work a AMI of EC2 AWS with LINUX So I've installed a lot of stuff, moved a lot of stuff around and then I realized that sudo ...
3
votes
2answers
390 views

what is the command [ -s “$NVM_DIR/nvm.sh” ] && . “$NVM_DIR/nvm.sh” doing

I found the following command in the .profile file while installing node through nvm: [ -s "$NVM_DIR/nvm.sh" ] && . "$NVM_DIR/nvm.sh" I want to know what is the the purpose of [] and &&...
0
votes
0answers
81 views

Bash prompt time is not always updating

Before I start, this is not a question about how to customize PS1. I have already customized mine and I'm quite happy with it. I usually work in a remote server with SuperPuTTY, which allows me to ...
2
votes
1answer
43 views

building code from source and adding them to your path

Typically on Debian when you install things from the repository, they just work. It sets up things just fine and life is good. This is great for things that are up to date in the repository. I am ...
0
votes
1answer
78 views

unexpected EOF error while running bash_profile [closed]

I am a newbie to Linux and I am trying to install a software in my university cluster via ssh login from my PC. So, I first login via ssh, and then according to the software documentation I add the ...
12
votes
2answers
7k views

Bash doesn't read .bashrc unless manually started

bash won't source .bashrc from an interactive terminal unless I manually run bash from a terminal: $ bash or manually source it: $ source ./.bashrc or running: $ st -e bash Here's some useful ...
2
votes
2answers
500 views

How do I get ~/.bashrc to execute all scripts in my ~/Shell directory using a loop?

I have shell scripts in my ~/Shell directory that I want to be run whenever Bash is started up as my usual user account. So what I have done is added the following to ~/.bashrc: for i in `find ~/...
2
votes
4answers
359 views

How do I append multiple lines involving variables to the end of a bash script?

I would like to add: function ps_mem { python /home/vagrant/ps_mem/ps_mem.py -p $@ } To the end of ~/.bashrc from the command-line. I have tried using: printf "function ps_mem {\n python /home/...
1
vote
2answers
912 views

Git Server Bash and SSH

I want to use Git over SSH with my Linode VPS running Ubuntu 10.04 LTS. Instructions seem pretty easy, in fact given I had already setup my SSH key etc.. All I had to do was instruct my local ...
0
votes
1answer
91 views

Problem with loading settings from .bashrc

I have a strange problem with terminal settings. I am a Debian 3.16.7 user. I saw the .bashrc file using ls -a but I couldn't open it (no file comunicate), so I restored it from /etc/skel/.bashrc. ...
0
votes
2answers
85 views

aliases do not work in bash - login shell

I have an alias defined in ~/.bashrc and ~/.bash_profile as: alias e='echo' When I run the command as: bash -c 'e hello' It shows error as: bash: e: command not found But from an interactive ...
2
votes
1answer
294 views

Extract hostnames from non-hashed ssh known_hosts

I would like to extract hostnames/ips from .ssh/known_hosts file in all (known) format conditions: Hostname only hostname pubkey Hostname with ip: hostname,1.1.1.1 pubkey Hostname with ip that is ...
0
votes
1answer
259 views

Can fbterm support 256 colors?

I have Arch without X and want to make my console solarized. I think I can't do that in tty, so I had installed fbterm and tried to play with fbtermrc, bashrc etc. $ tput colors 256 $ xterm-color-...
4
votes
1answer
173 views

Load aliases from .bashrc file while using sudo

I have set aliases for a few programs in the .bashrc file, and they work fine without sudo and they don't with sudo. Is there a way to get those aliases work with sudo? For example: nano text.txt #...
2
votes
1answer
101 views

Bash autocompletion for an alias

This is in my .bashrc: alias p='sudo apt-get'; complete -F _apt_get p I've found the autocompletion only works if I've used autocompletion for apt-get at least once before trying to use it with the ...
1
vote
1answer
69 views

~/.bashrc script not run correctly on ssh login, does work correctly with source ~/.bashrc

To keep track of which ssh connection I have open in different tabs I use the following ~/.bashrc script: function set-title() { if [[ -z "$ORIG" ]]; then ORIG=$PS1 fi TITLE="\[\e]2;$@\a\]" ...
1
vote
1answer
163 views

PS1 from .bashrc overridden somewhere else

I'm trying to use a custom PS1 line, including colors and git repo information, on a Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6 machine. I have a predefined version I'm successfully using on other systems running ...
159
votes
3answers
30k views

What does “rc” in .bashrc stand for?

Is it "resource configuration", by any chance?
2
votes
3answers
2k views

sudo command doesn't source /root/.bashrc

I have added a custom path to PATH variable in my /root/.bashrc file When i do sudo su; echo $PATH, it shows the entry, '/path/to/custom/bins'. But i do sudo sh -c 'echo $PATH', it shows, /usr/...
1
vote
1answer
140 views

How to change the color scheme of the prompt based on user?

My current prompt is colorized and edited as so - #!/bin/bash # GIT Prompt help if tput setaf 1 &> /dev/null; then tput sgr0; # reset colors bold=$(tput bold); reset=$(tput sgr0); ...
3
votes
0answers
107 views

Monitor exit code in tmux

Is there a way to update tmux window attributes based on command exit status? Similar to activity monitoring, I would like the title to change color when a command exits, say, green for success and ...
2
votes
2answers
2k views

How to execute source command from sh file

I have file called install.sh and within this file I write something to $HOME/.bashrc file and after that I must call source command. In terminal I can type source $HOME/.bashrc but I can't do this in ...
0
votes
2answers
160 views

chmod – execute permission for non-admins?

I have used chmod to make all the contents of a directory executable. However, when I try to run one of the programs in that directory as a regular user (me), I get a "command not found" message. If ...
0
votes
1answer
157 views

Running script through bashrc causes nesting of tmux panes

I use the following tmux code in a script file tmux-dev.sh and add it to bash using bash /home/rohit/tmux-dev.sh : tmux new-session -d tmux split-window -h tmux split-window -v tmux -2 attach-session ...
2
votes
1answer
72 views

make sudoers use their own history file

I just can't seem to get a simple answer to this one. All I am trying to do is get a sudoers to use their own history file, but if I set the history var in the .bashrc for root with $user, the $user ...
1
vote
0answers
83 views

Bash completion function for vim 'scp://' Paths

For easily editing remote files with vim, I currently use a few .vimrc and .bashrc additions to my environment. The bash-scripting side of it "misuses" the available standard _scp bash completion ...
1
vote
4answers
15k views

Where is .bashrc file found in Linux?

I am not finding my .bash_login and .bash_profile root@linux:~# locate .bash* /etc/bash.bashrc /etc/skel/.bashrc /etc/skel/.bashrc.original /home/noroot/.bashrc /home/noroot/.bashrc.original /root/....
0
votes
1answer
30 views

Extract source commands of an existing gnome terminal session? [duplicate]

I have a bit of a situation. One of my co-workers just overwrote everyone's bashrc and bash_profile files. My custom settings have been lost. However, I still have a terminal open which sourced my own ...
3
votes
2answers
7k views

How to colorize “root” in red in CentOS?

This is the content of /etc/bashrc, I would like to modify it for show "root" as red but don't know where to add the color code. # /etc/bashrc # System wide functions and aliases # Environment stuff ...
0
votes
1answer
462 views

How to update .bashrc with PATH

I have installed a new JRE on my RedHat linux system. lsb_release -i -r Distributor ID: CentOS Release: 6.5 I have updated the symbolic links pointing to the desired Java installation: ls -l /...
0
votes
1answer
165 views

Bash overwrites the first line when using custom PS1 prompt [duplicate]

My question is similar, but different to, this question. I have created a custom PS1 in my .bashrc, as follows: STARTCOLOR='\e[0;36m'; ENDCOLOR="\e[0m" export PS1="\n$STARTCOLOR\u@\h:\! <\t> \...
-1
votes
1answer
331 views

No such file or directory error when attempting to run shell script upon startup of console [closed]

I'm trying to run a shell script upon startup in cygwin. I have added these commands to my .bashrc file: $ echo 'export MAIN="D:/dev/Main" >> .bashrc > echo '.MAIN/Env/tpsScripts/devenv.sh $...
34
votes
2answers
20k views

What is the difference between interactive shells, login shells, non-login shell and their use cases? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Difference between Login Shell and Non-Login Shell? I have been looking at /etc/profile. bash.bashrc to see how they are run, and notice that some are executed by non-login ...
20
votes
2answers
21k views

Refresh aliases and functions after defining new aliases and functions?

When I define a new alias in .bash_aliases file or a new function in .bashrc file, is there some refresh command to be able immediately use the new aliases or functions without closing the terminal (...
1
vote
1answer
553 views

How can I set a bash_logout for all users?

I've run into an issue trying to set up a little bit of ASCII art to display upon connection and on logout. I can do this for one user with .bashrc and with .bash_logout, and set a login MOTD by ...
14
votes
3answers
9k views

l, ls & la — what are the differences, and are there more of these commands?

So, through typing several commands I've found that there's not only ls, but l and la too. There doesn't appear to be any man entries on Ubuntu 12.14. They all appear to do similar things with minor ...
3
votes
1answer
503 views

Bash prompt: using \[ and \] within PROMPT_COMMAND

I'm working on a bash prompt. I'm also trying to create the prompt intelligently, so that it will be easily readable and maintainable. That means not having one huge export PS1. Various sources (...
1
vote
1answer
139 views

Bashrc PS1 error

I created a nice PS1 for bash with http://bashrcgenerator.com/, but something seems to go wrong. The terminal emulator shows me some random, characters which means that PS1 probably has a syntax error....
2
votes
1answer
30 views

What controls the home directory in applications like Geeqie and Thunar?

I have a line in my .bashrc that cd's to a specific directory. For as long as I can remember, this only changed the directory in which terminal sessions began. But then at some point recently, GUI ...
2
votes
2answers
146 views

Separate bashrc file for ssh sessions to avoid Unison Errors

Recently my Unison started throwing up some strange error whenever I tried to sync between my laptop and my PC. I realized that I had added a line in bashrc that would print my pending tasks whenever ...
2
votes
1answer
205 views

change terminal appearance according to server

I have 2 different serves (all running Linux) to which I connect via ssh . After login all terminal background looks same. I want to have different color theme or background for different servers. For ...
1
vote
2answers
317 views

bash - Why does type -a execute “$(printf 'a')” and is it possible to get back the original alias? [duplicate]

After i ask this question 2 days ago, i decided to make this alias in my ~/.bashrc: alias catvu="LC_ALL=C sed \"$(printf 's/[^\t -\176\200-\377]/^&/g')\"|LC_ALL=C tr '\0-\10\13-\37\177' '@-...
0
votes
0answers
223 views

SCP won't copy files due to output in .bashrc

I just uploaded my linux (mint to v. 17.1), and now I cannot upload files to a cluster via scp anymore. I understand that .bashrc cannot output anything during the process for it confuses scp, so when ...