.bashrc is the primary configuration file for the bash shell.

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3
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1answer
95 views

Change the location of .bashrc

Is it possible to change the location of .bashrc from /home/orhanc/.bashrc to some other directory?
19
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2answers
8k views

What is the difference between ~/.profile, ~/.bashrc, ~/.bash_profile, ~/.gnomerc, /etc/bash_bashrc, /etc/screenrc …?

Answers to the questions on SO and askubuntu, along with poking through (and reading headers of) $HOME and /etc/, indicate a number of files that can be used to set environment variables, including: ...
1
vote
1answer
173 views

Can't get golang working on Fedora 19

I've installed the golang package on Fedora 19. Go also needs the the GOPATH variable. I added to my ~/.bashrc: GOPATH=$HOME/.go/ But go env didn't see it (after the source ~/.bashrc): ...
4
votes
2answers
245 views

How do I execute a command on login for a system user with no home folder and no personal .bashrc file?

I set these users' home folders through the /etc/passwd file, but when they log in I would like them to activate a python virtualenv. If they had a personal .bashrc file, I'd just include the activate ...
1
vote
1answer
300 views

Aliases in scripts are not set globally

I know this sound really wierd but this is exactly what happens. I have my .profile and .bashrc file set up in a way that the .bash_aliases file gets executed (checked it with a echo). I do not get ...
3
votes
2answers
438 views

Bash doesn't read .bashrc unless manually started

bash won't source .bashrc from an interactive terminal unless I manually run bash from a terminal: $ bash or manually source it: $ source ./.bashrc or running: $ st -e bash Here's some useful ...
0
votes
0answers
173 views

Emacs alternate editor client server start

How can I get Emacs to start in server mode with the alternate editor? From this conversation, I was able to enable the server with the alternate editor. However, I just re-installed emacs and I am ...
3
votes
4answers
424 views

Bash aliases/functions and command line options

I want to set an alias to start nedit together with command line option -noautosave (due to text files up to 500MB). What seemed to be easy: alias nn="nedit -noautosave $1 &" just raises some ...
3
votes
4answers
378 views

Why no shebang in .bashrc/.bash_profile?

Simple inquiry: I have just realized that I have never seen a shebang on top of a .bashrc script, which leads me to think the system uses the default shell to source it upon login (${SHELL}). I am ...
0
votes
2answers
221 views

scp from remote host fails due to login greeting set in .bashrc [duplicate]

My simple file scp from a remote host (actually a locally run VM but that shouldn't matter) failed without displaying any error message but clearly not having copied the desired file: scp ...
2
votes
3answers
156 views

sudo command after long sleep call without re-prompting sudo password

I'm trying to write a simple bash function that sleeps X-number of mins and then runs a system sleep command (for me it's sudo pm-suspend since I'm on Ubuntu) right now the function looks like this: ...
3
votes
2answers
124 views

How to make .bashrc call dependant on tmux program being installed?

I have a section in my .bashrc that fires up the tmux program (terminal multiplexor). However if the tmux program isn't installed (say I'm setting up a new computer) then having this in my .bashrc ...
0
votes
2answers
439 views

Redirect all stderr of a console and subsequent commands to a file [duplicate]

I know how to redirect stderr to a file or to the stdout when I issue a command: command 2 > log or command 2 > &1 or even command 2 > &1 > /dev/null. However, I want to redirect ...
3
votes
2answers
241 views

How can I use aliases in commands?

I have created aliases in my .bashrc for various frequently used long paths but I can not seem to be able to use them inside vim or with commands such as find or grep. E.g the following: db in cli ...
12
votes
3answers
5k views

How do I get rid of Cygwin's /cygdrive prefix in all paths?

I'm switching to Cygwin from the bash shell that ships with Git for Windows, and encountering a strange problem. Someone thought it would be a good idea to add /cygdrive/ to all paths, while I think ...
0
votes
3answers
89 views

I need to turn a series of commands piped together into an alias in .bashrc

sudo ifconfig wlan0 | grep 'inet addr:' | cut -d: -f2 | awk '{ print $1}' The above command when run from terminal outputs the right "internal" ip address. When I try to pass as alias like: alias ...
2
votes
2answers
90 views

Color PS1 based on previous command output [duplicate]

I have my current PS1 as follows. The $? output is really useful (second line). export PS1="\ ${PSOn_Blue}${PSBWhite}\t\ ${PSColor_Off} \$?\ ${PSColor_Off}${PSBGreen} \u\ ${PSColor_Off}${PSWhite}@\ ...
1
vote
0answers
30 views

why bash history overlap the prompt when scroll up in the history? [duplicate]

I customized my bash prompt, PS1 value. ~/.bashrc: Color_Off='\e[0m' # Text Reset BGreen='\e[1;32m' # Green BPurple='\e[1;35m' # Purple BWhite='\e[1;37m' # White ...
0
votes
1answer
219 views

Fedora 7 server export in .bashrc not getting set [duplicate]

I'm trying to set the JAVA_HOME environment variable in my .bashrc but every time I log back in it gets unset again to its original value, below is my .bashrc file # .bashrc # User specific aliases ...
2
votes
0answers
288 views

.bashrc alias not working [closed]

I have set up a few aliases in my .bashrc file, like the following: alias ras='rails server' alias res='redis-server' alias rc='rails console' alias be='bundle exec' # git alias's are as follows ...
1
vote
3answers
137 views

In bash, how can I erase an alias without logout? [duplicate]

I had an alias in my .bashrc and I really don't want it anymore. I erased the alias, but my bash already has this alias loaded. Can I erase this alias from this bash without logging out?
3
votes
1answer
92 views

Keep two bash history files, one with ignoredups, one with everything

For the purposes of looking at which commands I am using the most, I'd like to keep a record of command I type in my bash history (even duplicates). But, for sanity and ease of use, I still want to ...
2
votes
1answer
2k views

How to colorize “root” in red in CentOS?

This is the content of /etc/bashrc, I would like to modify it for show "root" as red but don't know where to add the color code. # /etc/bashrc # System wide functions and aliases # Environment stuff ...
0
votes
1answer
100 views

Is it possible to change shell using bashrc when assigned a nologin default shell?

i have assigned a /sbin/nologin shell to a user while creating that user (specifying -s option in useradd), if this user logs in using SFTP and changes his .bashrc file, will he be able to change his ...
2
votes
3answers
832 views

What is the difference between '.' and 'source' in shells? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: running script with “. ” and with “source ” I have used both the dot command '.' and 'source' to reload a given rc file (typically to update my environment variables) ...
0
votes
1answer
498 views

Login script for bash not loading

I am very confused about the login script for bash. I have always used ~/.bash_profile to configure my bash shell. Now I am on a new system just as a user: I am not root. This system was originally ...
4
votes
1answer
246 views

View shell function's current definition

So I am editing bashrc constantly, and I have a terminal open with a working function definition, although bashrc has been updated with a wrong function definition. (Because the definition do not ...
2
votes
1answer
218 views

How to make a permanent variable

In terminal: VAR="Extremely long and often used command" echo $VAR Output: Extremely long and often used command So far it works fine, but after restarting a terminal my variable doesn't ...
0
votes
1answer
464 views

Bash script for Angstrom

I have written a bash script to automate cross-compiling an OpenCV program: echo "Compiling started for: $1" if [[ $1 == *.c ]] then gcc -ggdb `pkg-config --cflags opencv` -o `basename $1 .c` $1 ...
2
votes
1answer
120 views

How to link different (incompatible) libraries at runtime depending on program?

I have a number of legacy codes that need to be compiled with specific (and often conflicting) libraries. To be specific I have a program which can only be compiled with g77 and another program which ...
10
votes
5answers
518 views

How to test for possible conflicts while using alias in bashrc?

Is there a simple way to list all the command conflicts that have occurred in the system due to the bashrc update involving alias commands? For example, someone writes alias ...
2
votes
3answers
247 views

What is the difference between ./script and . ./script? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Using ‘.’ to execute files in bash I was trying to figure out how to export my environmental via script instead of changing my .bashrc file. I found this old useful ...
6
votes
3answers
1k views

Added bin directory to my path, can't execute commands in it with 'sudo command'

I made a bin directory in my home folder where I place all my scripts. Then in my .bashrc I added the following: export PATH=$PATH:/home/myusername/bin So I could access files I placed in there ...
5
votes
2answers
5k views

What is the difference between interactive shells, login shells, non-login shell and their use cases? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Difference between Login Shell and Non-Login Shell? I have been looking at /etc/profile. bash.bashrc to see how they are run, and notice that some are executed by ...
4
votes
2answers
4k views

Global bash_profile

I realize there are /etc/profile and /etc/bashrc files for setting global environment variables and maybe I'm just misunderstanding their purposes, but... Is their a global bash_profile file? This ...
4
votes
1answer
2k views

Problems with automatically starting screen on SSH login

I'm looking at http://taint.org/wk/RemoteLoginAutoScreen to setup my server so it autostarts a screen session when I login via SSH. I have added the following to my .bashrc: # Auto-screen ...
2
votes
2answers
122 views

Is there any way I can fit this into my ~/.bashrc as a function?

I just discovered this useful bit of code on this useful-looking website. #!/bin/sh exec tclsh "$0" ${1+"$@"} proc main {} { set lines [lrange [split [read stdin] \n] 0 end-1] set count ...
1
vote
0answers
365 views

How to use history commands with readonly PROMPT_COMMAND?

I'm sometimes logged in on a host which I do not control and where PROMPT_COMMAND is readonly. Is there some way to work around this to run history commands anyway, for example using PS1? I've tried ...
2
votes
3answers
375 views

When the lines of a file or directory get too long, upgrade to ls list format?

Is there a way I can do this? For example if a gets a long name like: i-have-names-that-are-too-long-to-describe/ i-have-names-that-are-too-long-to-describe-2/ ...
0
votes
2answers
2k views

How to assign user root rights?

I have Suse Linux on my desktop. So I am root and "normal" user. Frequently e.g. to start tomcat or install/remove a program I should use sudo or switch to super user. But I have defined many aliases ...
3
votes
3answers
967 views

Issues with .bash_profile and terminal commands

I added some data to my .bash_profile to run two aliases ruby version 19 and the proper gems. As soon as I added the data I could not longer run any commands such as the MacPorts command port nor the ...
1
vote
1answer
129 views

What's the right way to reuse this one-liner?

I recently came up with the following one-liner: for f in *.mp3; do sha1sum $f | sed -r 's/[a-z]//g' | cut -c1-2 | awk '{ print ($1 >= 255) ? $1 - $1 + (1/3)*$1 : $1 }' | xargs -i id3v2 -T {} $f; ...
2
votes
2answers
4k views

Where is the system profile that gets sourced at login on CentOS 5.8?

In CentOS release 5.8 (Final), where is the bash system profile? Is it /etc/profile ? I've added the following to source my ~/.bashrc file but haven't had any luck as it fails. I know it fails ...
2
votes
1answer
209 views

Alias in .bashrc doesn't seem to accept an argument [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: In Bash, when to alias, when to script, and when to write a function? I'm trying to setup an alias in my .bashrc file, but it's not working as expected. I have this ...
7
votes
7answers
4k views

Doing simple math on the command line using bash functions: $1 divided by $2 (using bc perhaps)

Sometimes I need to divide one number by another. It would be great if I could just define a bash function for this. So far, I am forced to use expressions like echo 'scale=25;65320/670' | bc but ...
11
votes
4answers
808 views

How can I source the bashrc file every time I 'clear'

This might be a bad idea. The more I think about it the more I come to the realization that I probably shouldn't do it... but I've been trying and failing so I REALLY want to know how to do it, even ...
7
votes
1answer
1k views

How to detect when a shell is owned by a remote SSH session?

My question is similar to this one, but I'm looking for something slightly different. I have a notebook PC that I use to access Linux machines on a network in two different scenarios: I have a ...
2
votes
0answers
296 views

Populate PS1 asynchronously

I have a few git svn related functions that see if I have to pull/push from/to the repository. My problem is that the functions I've wrote to gather these informations are too slow, I'd like to make ...
14
votes
2answers
978 views

.bashrc overwritten but still sourced — how can it be recovered?

Usually when I find a command I want to alias, I echo it to my .bashrc like so: [up button pressed to last command, then line edited so that it reads] $echo "command-i-just-did" >> ~/.bashrc ...
1
vote
1answer
2k views

.bashrc doesn't get executed

I have a user (non-root) which has a ~/.bashrc file with some aliases in it. But it doesn't look like the file is executed at log in time. If I do source ~/.bashrc then it does what it's supposed to. ...