Questions about bash only, as opposed to other Bourne/POSIX shells. For all Bourne/POSIX-style shells, use the /shell tag instead.

learn more… | top users | synonyms

3
votes
0answers
67 views

How to best track adventures of a novice administrator

I have this user that has limited sudo privileges, yet he manages to screw up from time to time. I would like to keep an eye on his adventures, so that I can reverse any damage with less digging. ...
3
votes
0answers
21 views

cursor and combining diacritics in shell

I frequently deal with combining diacritics, especially the combining acute accent (U0301, or \xcc\x81). I have a keyboard set up to insert this character, and that works fine in the shell. $ echo а́ ...
3
votes
0answers
78 views

Bash command not found due to stray garbage characters

What is the cause of this behavior? $ cd ../ $ bash: $'\210\210cd': command not found This happens sometimes (rarely) when I enter a command, there is no visible character preceding the cd, still ...
3
votes
0answers
60 views

How do I loop through a list from dconf in bash?

I want to read the list of Gnome Terminal profiles from dconf $ dconf read /org/gnome/terminal/legacy/profiles:/list ['b1dcc9dd-5262-4d8d-a863-c897e6d979b9', '1a3bb41a-5de6-4a23-af30-e70b4b8e5230', ...
3
votes
0answers
372 views

When I use zip, how can I display the overall progress without flooding the command line?

A fixed-length progress bar, a file or byte count, or better yet a timer showing the estimated time remaining would be ideal. zip's standard behavior seems to be to print a line for every file ...
3
votes
0answers
172 views

Errtrace and local

I am using the following script: #!/bin/bash -Eu trap 'echo Hi' ERR exit_failure() { echo "Hello, World!" return 1 } sub_failure() { res=$(exit_failure) } sub_failure It results in the ...
3
votes
0answers
200 views

Securing a script a little more

I currently have the following script which works fine: #!/bin/sh user="$(zenity --entry --title="Username" --text="Username")" pass="$(zenity --password --title="Password" --text="Password")" ...
2
votes
0answers
52 views

Context-sensitive bash completion changes wildcard behavior

Somewhere along the way I've fallen into the habit of hitting tab twice after using a wildcard in commands like mv or rm, which by default causes bash to show the list of files that would match the ...
2
votes
0answers
65 views

Why can I change bash history?

Why does bash change the history even I'm not executing a command I'm modifying? For example, if I type: $ echo foo1 foo1 $ echo foo2 foo2 $ echo foo3 foo3 After this, I press up twice, and I get ...
2
votes
0answers
99 views

Fixing my PATH variable

I am perplexed by the following problem and hoping someone can help me fix it: when I type echo $PATH, I get the output: /usr/local/bin:/usr/bin:/bin:/usr/local/games:/usr/games However, I ...
2
votes
0answers
211 views

Bash regular expression comparison fail for hex byte \x01

Bash regular expression fails to compare correctly for $'\x01' when End-Of-String char $ is used. All other byte values (seem to) compare correctly. Using GNU bash 4.1.5(1). Is this a bug, or is ...
2
votes
0answers
62 views

Catch/diagnose user process being killed - Inexplicably logged out automatically

Context: I'm using bash in Mac OSX Yosemite. Problem: I'm executing a (python) script that I expect to use alot of resources and take a few hours to run, redirecting stdout and stderr to a log file. ...
2
votes
0answers
71 views

A way to distinguish between interleaved output from two background processes

If I have two backgrounded processes that produce input to STDOUT or STDERR (e.g., two installation scripts), is there an easy way to make these two output streams distinguishable? I guess I can pipe ...
2
votes
0answers
73 views

What types of regex DO support (e.g.) negative lookbehind?

Bash on GNU: I am using a collection of find commands, most of which employ -regex to do their matching. Each time I try a different feature in my regex I have to cycle through the values for ...
2
votes
0answers
248 views

Automating sshfs not working

I want to mount a remote directory and I want to automate this. So I write below script which not working properly. #!/usr/bin/expect -f spawn sshfs vedams@192.168.5.109:/home/user /mnt/remote expect ...
2
votes
0answers
129 views

Assign both menu-complete and dynamic-complete-history to TAB

Is there a way for me to assign both menu-complete and dynamic-complete-history to Tab (or one to Tab and the other to Tab-Tab) in .inputrc? I'm thinking there might be a way to setup a function and ...
2
votes
0answers
62 views

Why do some processes pass on their cpu usage to another process when it ends?

I have wondered this for a while. For example, lets say process1 is a process that uses a lot of cpu power, like 90%. Its a video game. Then i have process2 which uses 10-12% cpu. Its a web browser. ...
2
votes
0answers
106 views

How do I recursively apply default ACLs of a directory to its descendants?

If I have a directory with default ACL entries assigned to it, but some or all of its descendant files and sub-directories have access or default ACLs that do not agree with those defaults, how do I ...
2
votes
0answers
29 views

git report moved lines

I want to track the number of additions and deletions that exclude moved lines. So if a commit has 10 additions, 5 deletions, and 3 moved lines, then I have 7 additions, 2 deletions excluding moved ...
2
votes
0answers
123 views

How do I execute a program in Xfce and make it use another xfwm4 theme other than the default one?

I want to run a python script (the one in the answer to Python - how to make transparent window with gtk.Window but not with Gtk.) that displays a transparent window. I'm running it from a bash script ...
2
votes
0answers
43 views

How to make netcat print colourful text?

on my Mac I have an peripheral that sends text data to localhost:2332. Some of them are coloured, like this: "\e[1;31mRed text here\e[m normal text here", I use nc loacal host to monitor the data ...
2
votes
0answers
138 views

Bash tabcomplete file names for environmental variable values

After I upgraded my Ubuntu from 12.04 to 14.04, bash would no longer let me tabcomplete file names when setting the value of an environmental variable, e.g. FILE=/home/_ _ is where I would press ...
2
votes
0answers
95 views

Batch mv cronjob leaving some (not all) copies in source

I have a cronjob that runs every 5 minutes, looking for wavs and mp3s of the same name in a source directory and if it finds a corresponding pair, it moves both to a destination directory. The script ...
2
votes
0answers
112 views

Segmentation fault with dialog

I'm getting a segmentation fault with the following script when it's more that one child dir past the pwd. The program kills with the error message and I have to reset the shell. For example: I start ...
2
votes
0answers
443 views

exit code of grep in trap where the script is launched by upstart service

Recently I encountered a problem in ubuntu upstart and trap in Bash shell. I use ubuntu 12.04. The upstart script(/etc/init/player.conf) is: start on (local-filesystems and runlevel [2345]) stop on ...
2
votes
0answers
2k views

Script stops command in it with exit 0

When I write a bash script similar to this on RHEL 6, if [ "$2" = "" ] ; then echo vip.start: ERROR: no NIC specified echo vip.start: Need IP and base interface name exit 1 fi case "$1" ...
2
votes
0answers
3k views

ssh-agent not getting set up (SSH_AUTH_SOCK, SSH_AGENT_PID env vars not set)

I set up a new user account for a friend on Kubuntu 12.04. When he uses ssh he gets this error: Could not open a connection to your authentication agent We're running ssh in some bash scripts. ...
2
votes
0answers
84 views

LXC apparmor profile limits executing scripts in /run/*

LXC is blocking a trusted container from running scripts in /run/*, how do I configure LXC to allow scripts to run here?
2
votes
0answers
2k views

nscd uses 100% cpu

I'm working on a linux box and the output of top reveals that the command nscd (user nscd) is using 100% of CPU. I'm uploading a flat file to MySQL from this box, and it is taking a long time (albeit ...
2
votes
0answers
454 views

How to use history commands with readonly PROMPT_COMMAND?

I'm sometimes logged in on a host which I do not control and where PROMPT_COMMAND is readonly. Is there some way to work around this to run history commands anyway, for example using PS1? I've tried ...
2
votes
0answers
413 views

A problem with mknod when logged in as root

I am trying to load a char device driver written by myself. To achieve this I use a modified bash script published on this site: http://www.makelinux.net/ldd3/chp-3-sect-2. Here is my version of the ...
2
votes
0answers
195 views

What is and how to use PS1 \#

I put this is .bashrc # colors NC="$(tput sgr0)" RED="$(tput setaf 1)" GREEN="$(tput setaf 2)" # etc ... PS1="\[$BROWN\]\u \[$CYAN\]#\# \[$PINK_BLD\]!\!\[$NC\] \[$BLUE\]\W: \[$NC\]" So deepo #50 ...
2
votes
0answers
367 views

What happens when you background a function which calls another function?

Question says it all on the tin. Can someone explain to me what goes on here ? I'm trying to find out how to background a process in a script that calls another function and reliably terminate it when ...
1
vote
0answers
18 views

Why does history not overwrite but append when histappend is set to off in Bash?

Several days ago, I had one Terminal tab doing ssh, and the other doing a lot of work locally. And then I restarted the machine (on a Mac with Mavericks). When I ran Terminal again, I found that all ...
1
vote
0answers
32 views

Debian Jessie, copy file on NFS share (autofs) at shutdown

I'm on Jessie 8.1 so I use systemd to launch a service at shutdown. My service uses a script to copy a file on a NFS share (mounted by autofs). It doesn't work, I know the script can copy a file on ...
1
vote
0answers
24 views

What exactly files whose names' prefix is “AT.postflight.” are needed for?

I am not sure if this question should be asked here, since I am on an OS X, but since I am using bash, and I am asking about the meaning and the purposes of some files. I am trying to understand why ...
1
vote
0answers
25 views

Bash completion function for vim 'scp://' Paths

For easily editing remote files with vim, I currently use a few .vimrc and .bashrc additions to my environment. The bash-scripting side of it "misuses" the available standard _scp bash completion ...
1
vote
0answers
51 views

Recording shell output for interactive commands

While looking into a shell redirection problem, I found a couple of answers that pointed me to the script command. As I understand it, script just records in- and output of the terminal, and allows me ...
1
vote
0answers
31 views

Calculate Out data Kb/s for specific PID

I have this command cat /proc/8221/net/netstat | grep 'IpExt: ' | tail -n 1 | awk '{ print $9 }' This shows me out bytes in that moment right? If yes, how can i show total kb/s in just one command ...
1
vote
0answers
21 views

Build Script Help, Not Loading Modules

So I am writing a script to build and install Netcdf, but when I source it, it seems like some of the lines just are not running or are being skipped and I am unsure why. When I run the code line by ...
1
vote
0answers
27 views

-devilspie doesn't play nice with spawning new terminals

I'm trying to configure devilspie so that on detection of opening a certain directory it runs a script to mount that directory over a network. I don't think the script itself is too important but ...
1
vote
0answers
59 views

GNOME 3.14+ launch new gnome-terminal and set title

To the disappointment of many, tab/window title can't be set anymore with --title I use bash. I have had a few aliases I have used to connect to remote servers with. alias c:prod='gnome-terminal ...
1
vote
0answers
42 views

How can I modify a netinst.iso image to run a bash script on boot?

Background Using Fedora 21 with LVM on a Toshiba C50-B-021 laptop with UEFI (which from what I understand doesn't actually turn off), every time the computer runs out of battery it will hang on boot. ...
1
vote
0answers
55 views

Problems with kpartx in a script

I am trying to run the rpi-image-creator script (see https://github.com/ImmobilienScout24/rpi-image-creator/blob/master/rpi-image-creator), and encounter some trouble with the kpartx use. The trouble ...
1
vote
0answers
46 views

set -x doesn't print stack info for bash autocompletion

In my bash 4.2.46 and centos - 7.1.1503, I ran set -x (to print debug info). Now, if I type ls, it prints: + ls --color=auto a b c ++ printf '\033]0;%s@%s:%s\007' root sk-vbox '~' All well and ...
1
vote
0answers
26 views

List partition type GUID's for all disks from command line?

I need to list the partition type GUID's from the command line. Note: This is not the same as the partition UUID. Basically I'm needing to search for all disks that have the Ceph OSD type GUID: ...
1
vote
0answers
27 views

How to get router info in “dhcp4-change” event in /etc/dhcp/dhclient.d/ script?

Am trying to add a script which will get executed on DHCP ip change for a particular interface. for that I have copied the below script at "/etc/dhcp/dhclient.d/dhcp-hook.sh". I need to get router ...
1
vote
0answers
24 views

How can you recover from disk corruption on a backup drive whilst maintaining all hard links?

So, I have a scenario that is similar to How to copy directories with preserving hardlinks? that I wish to use however I have corruption from the backup hardlink source. My Scenario: 1. I backup my ...
1
vote
0answers
23 views

Cross-session duplicate removal in bash command history

The problem context: always active ignoreboth and erasedups HIST_SIZE and FILESIZE with desired/practical limits of different history lines for our user almost always have multiple parallel sessions ...
1
vote
0answers
82 views

Shell Script to change user shell

I am writing a script that would be invoked to change user shell. The basic requirement is that once user gets authenticated (e.g: thorough some web application) the script would be invoked to set the ...