Backing up is the process of making copies (a backup) of data which may be used to restore the original after a data loss event.

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What are portability of backup, remote backup and networked backup mean?

From the book Linux Administration Made Easy: When deciding on a backup solution, you will need to consider the following factors: Portability − Is backup portability (ie. the ability to ...
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462 views

How to use terminal to access iCloud Drive when Finder is not running

I would like to access iCloud drive from Terminal in order to create an emergency backup. Unfortunately, my installation of Mac OS Yosemite is not operational, so I am using recovery mode to create my ...
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Can I change the exclude file list while running rsync under a cron job

I am using Fedora 20, MATE desktop, zshell. I have started a cronjob to run, every evening, an incremental backup using rsync, closely following the suggestions here. After the first run yesterday, ...
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314 views

Raspberry Pi backup server (Mac & Windows) [closed]

I would like to set up my raspberry pi model B and my 2TB hard drive as a backup server for both my windows pc and my mac. I would like to partition my hard drive such that 300GB is for mac time ...
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240 views

ZFS backup advice with another server

I currently have two servers both have the exact same hardware, disks, etc. One server (server1) is going to be the "main" server. It's basically a server with raidz2 that has SMB shares on it that ...
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331 views

Is btrfs suitable as backup filesystem?

Right now I have a pretty traditional backup filesystem structure on top of ext4. Every time a backup is made, a new folder backup-DATE is created to which files are rsync'ed (with hardlinks made ...
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271 views

What root directories should I back up? [duplicate]

I intend to start incremental backups of my Fedora 20 system, and would like to know what root directories I should include, and what directories it is useful to exclude. I know there is a lot of ...
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74 views

Backing up Linux server to Windows domain

I'm maintaining a small Linux workstation/server in a Windows-domain-based environment. Apart from being in the same network, the Linux computer is not connected to the domain. Until now, I'm using a ...
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231 views

Archive file with date-stamp [duplicate]

I want to move(archive) the multiple files from say directory /users/wahasan to /users/wahasan/old. The archive files should be autodated. files are of the format CHKBOI.pos, CHKUTI.pos, ...
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122 views

Backup and restore IMAP mail account with (open source) Linux tools

Which Linux tools help to backup and restore a IMAP mail account including all mail and subfolders? I expect disconnects for large IMAP accounts because of ressource limitiations on the server ...
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245 views

Backup to flash drive using rsync

I've decided to make a full backup from my SSD disk to flash drive. According to archwiki general backup is done with following command: rsync -aAXv ...
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89 views

Shutdown script seems to be executed twice

I have a small backup bash script that I wrote for my computer at work. I have copied the script into /etc/rc0.d/ and called it K01backup so it is executed before anything else upon shutdown. It backs ...
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64 views

Backup and restore of raid1 device, after OS upgrade

We have a physical RedHat server with two 60GB local disks, and two RAID 1 devices on them. There are also a few multipathed SAN luns. Disk /dev/sda: 60.0 GB, 60022480896 bytes Device Boot ...
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49 views

Want to setup a dropbox sync drive

Is there way to setup a small computer, or raspberry pi, etc. to hold a hard drive, sync it with dropbox and allow access (even if just read only) to the drive through USB to another device/computer? ...
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111 views

Shell script runs differently when schedulled with cron

I have a strange problem with my backup script. To begin with, this is the backup script: ########################################################### # CODE BEGINS HERE ...
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3answers
228 views

Automatic login via ssh (no GUI environment installed / no ssh-agent available)?

I have three systems, and I want to have them doing backups between them periodically. The two of them, have Debian Wheezy installed and the other one has Ubuntu 12.04 installed. Only the Ubuntu has a ...
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2answers
387 views

Compare directory trees regarding file name (and size and date)

I want to check the results of a restore from backup. This is, because TimeMachine on MacOS gives me some weird errors and warnings and I want to make sure, everything is in its place again after ...
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1answer
60 views

Making an exact copy of a Windows instalation

My goal is pretty simple: I need to make an exact copy of a windows partition. Then I can wipe it down, play with it and when I'm done, I can re-copy the partition back and have everything back in ...
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752 views

Can I restore a single partition from a Clonezilla disk image?

I was thinking of performing a Clonezilla backup and was wondering what backup mode to choose. Generally speaking, Clonezilla offers the following backup options: savedisk: Save a full disk image ...
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duplicity: how to create & restore full system backup

I would like to create a full system backup using the duplicity. Accordingly, I created a backup of the root directory /, excluding /proc, /sys, /tmp, and /mnt. However, when trying to restore the ...
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150 views

Scheduled job to move files from web server to NAS

I have a website hosted on a shared server. Once a week a cron job runs on the web server to tar the www folder and export the MySQL database to a password protected backup folder. I have a Synology ...
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1answer
715 views

Send backup by email with crontab

I use this cron job to do a backup of /home/blah/ each day at 01:00 a.m. : 0 1 * * * tar -zcf /home/blah/backup.tgz /home/blah/ In fact I would prefer that an email is sent to me with the .tgz file ...
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Download all pages linked on a page in a certain region

I would like to download my users activity page of this Unix&Linux with wget and all pages that are linked in the activity list. I tried wget -m -l 2 which should mirror the site recursively ...
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437 views

Rsync doesn't skip existing files

I use rsync to backup all the files from a specific folder in a USB drive connected to my Mac (Osx 10.9) to a folder of my home network NAS. The problem is that rsync replace all files and it does not ...
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OpenLdap - restore backup - slapcat/slapadd

Im using slapcat to make backup like this: slapcat -n 1 > ${BACKUP_PATH}/ldap.domain.com.ldif Then import using slapadd: slapadd -F /etc/ldap/slapd.d -n 1 -l ldap.domain.com.ldif I can't ...
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91 views

LVM Snapshot mount read-only or not?

In this page of Linux LVM Howto it's said that "LVM2 creates read/write snapshots by default". In this other page of Red Hat docs it's said that "Because the snapshot is read/write, you can test ...
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373 views

What's an effective offsite backup strategy for a ZFS mirrored pool?

I use a ZFS pool consisting of two mirrored disks. To get offsite backups going I've purchased two more disks. My initial plan was to create the offsite backup by attaching a third disk to the ...
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Is it possible and how to merge identical files between different snapshots in a btrfs file system?

I regularly use btrfs's snapshot to backup the whole system, but it's redundant to have identical files between different snapshots. Commonly, for example, I took a snapshot of @ as ...
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840 views

How can I migrate a bully (reaver alternative) session from Kali to Ubuntu?

I'm running bully on Kali Linux and this is the output : [!] Received disassociation/deauthentication from the AP [+] Rx( ID ) = 'NoAssoc' Next pin '99728298' [+] Rx( M5 ) = 'Pin1Bad' Next ...
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At Backup, when would the filesystems inode numbers matter?

background: Being somewhat of a coward I have up to now dd whole filesystems for backup. Major drawback has become the excessive use of memory for those complete backups (which unfortunatelly also ...
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1answer
209 views

Wildcards in exclude-filelist for duplicity

I am trying to exclude a "bulk" folder in each home directory from the backup. For this purpose, I have a line - /data/home/*/bulk in my exclude-filelist file. However, this doesn't seem to be ...
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What should I include and exclude with rsync to back up my system?

I have spent all day experimenting with rsync exclude-from and include-from, no success and completely lost. None of the examples or help I can find answer my exact, but quite simple requirement, and, ...
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Is archiving the entire filesystem from the root an effective backup strategy?

I am looking at my server through WinSCP and thinking I could tar the lot, save locally, then if starting a fresh identical server later down the line, re-upload and overwrite saving me the initial ...
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Backup using rsync

Last time I backed up my data by copying and pasting my home directory into my external hard drive. Since then, I have added and deleted files from my home directory. I want to update that directory ...
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1answer
3k views

How to mount a Clonezilla img to extract files?

I have a large Clonezilla image of a CentOS server that had a 500GB drive partitioned into boot, OS, and data partitions. I would like to mount the backup image so I can extract some files as I no ...
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Is it possible to save a KDE desktop configuration?

Is it possible to save a desktop configuration while using KDE Plasma Desktop? I mean, I have customized my desktop with a set of plasmoids, each with its own custom settings, and I'd like to save ...
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Clonezilla Backup software freezes on boot

I can get as far as the GRUB menu. After that using any of the menu options I get a gray screen saying "Loading please wait..." and a blinking cursor. The cursor disappears after about 1 second and ...
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292 views

How to exclude all files except specific files with Duplicity?

I'm trying to only backup specific files with Duplicity so I first used this command: duplicity /source-path --include "**/*/*.txt" --include "**/*/*.xml" /dest-path However this gives the ...
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After restoring a backup my permissions seem to be borked

I made a complete backup of the system with "rsync -aAXv", and set up my encryption. After restoring everything, and booting up and trying to login, openbox didn't want to start, and "startx" didn't ...
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zfs deduplication “low” ratio

In Solaris 11, in a pool named mypool I activated deduplication with zfs set dedup=on mypool Then I created two 100 MB file: file1 and its copy file1copy. Only their names are different: their ...
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258 views

Would this LUKS LVM rsync restore method work?

I have an Ubuntu installation using LVM and LUKS encryption. LVM and encryption were chosen during the install process). While logged into it, I backup the full live system using rsync to another ...
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Is it possible to create an incremental snapshot file from an existing tar archive?

I have created a large tar archive and am now looking to do an incremental backup. The documentation indicates that a snapshot file can only be created when the initial tar backup file is created. ...
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Recover file from previous installation? [duplicate]

I recently wiped an old ubuntu server of mine and installed debian, but i forgot to backup a very important file. I know there is a chance that the computer has already wrote over the file, but what ...
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170 views

How often is the /etc/shadow file backed up?

From man 5 shadow: /etc/shadow- Backup file for /etc/shadow. Note that this file is used by the tools of the shadow toolsuite, but not by all user and password management tools. What I ...
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Intro to shell scripts with basic application: how do I set my computer to make an archive of a particular folder every day?

I've got a situation where I need to give some people access to my dropbox folder. Already so far they have deleted huge folders full of important data. Their computer skills could use a bit of ...
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62 views

Backing up post install; rsync breaks

I use the following command for backup, but if I do a clean install of Fedora, copy over all my backed up files, then backup again, it copies them even though they are unchanged. Why? Can I avoid ...
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191 views

Transfering content of block devices

For the purpose of backups, I'd like to transfer (several) whole disk partitions over an ssh link. So the source is a block special device, and the target should be a regular file. Common tools seem ...
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78 views

Which config files in /etc folder must be unique for each computer?

I am doing a restoration test of backup files on a computer. Without putting much thought into it, I did an rsync to replace all files in /etc folder with the ones in the backup. Then, I realize I ...
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How should I restore /var/cache?

I just restored my Raspberry Pi server from an rsync image. During the backup, I had excluded /var/cache/*, thinking that this would restore an empty directory. This worked, but when I rebooted, a ...
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170 views

Rsync - Corrupted MAC on input

Background I have a script on my NAS which is a Synology DS212J which is running on a special distro where uname -a gives me Linux DS212J 2.6.32.12 #4493 Wed Jul 16 11:37:16 CST 2014 armv5tel ...