Backing up is the process of making copies (a backup) of data which may be used to restore the original after a data loss event.

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Backup And Restore Shell Script

I have been trying to create a script that backups up a certain directory and then restores the directory. The backup works as it should but when I try run the restore function I get the following ...
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How to keep a history of backups?

My intention is to create a "snapshot" of a certain hard drive on a server every day. How can I automatically make sure that the snapshot of today, three days ago, five days ago, 10 days ago (and so ...
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backup without closing programs that are opening files for editing, and detect unsaved open files?

Is it possible to do backup without closing programs that are opening files for editing? I would like to do backup without closing programs that are opening files that I am reading or writing. I ...
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72 views

What is advantage of backing up a filesystem by version control software?

Version control software seems to be used for backing up project mostly in plain text files. For backing up a file system, with large amount of files or large size, regular file copying/transferring ...
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53 views

vim: how to trace back all changes done to file during the day

Does anybody know how to setup vim (the text editor) in such a way to make it possible to trace back all the changes done to a file within a day? I need it for the cases when I have accidentially ...
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32 views

rsync question about a directory

I went ahead and used rsync to back up a root directory called /files my exact commands werersync -avzh /files willc66@server.com:/backup, inside my /files directory I had 2 sub directories home and ...
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Moving Application Configurations to Separate Partition

So by default, most services install their configuration files to /etc/<application>. On my physical systems, I'm using LVM for volume management, and specifically so I can rollback snapshots ...
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20 views

Help checking the integrity of TAR files for backup

I want make a backup of my Home directory and I've read a good method is to use the tar tool, and I think it suits me well since all I need to do is create a .tar of every folder in the Home directory ...
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22 views

Standards for dealing with older/previous “.bak” backup of config file before new edit

Assume I have a config file "foo.conf." This file is rarely edited. At some point in the BeforeTime(tm) it was edited and "foo.conf.bak" was created to save the previous state. Now, I want to make ...
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An incremental or another full backup? [closed]

After using rsync to backup a file system, if there has been dramatic change in the file system since the last backup, is it still good to do an incremental backup? Is there a rule of thumb about how ...
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25 views

Storing documents and backups on several different drives

Currently I have Ubuntu installed on a 120GB SSD. However I also have 3 more hard drives installed on the computer, 2 x 640GB in aRAID array and a 60GB SSD. What I am trying to achieve is to use the ...
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Software to do a 3 way backup

I am currently doing a backup of my system on an external hard disk using rdiff-backup. This kind of backup is good when the disk dies. However, I was also wondering if I can extend this method to do ...
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rsync: delete some files in destination not in source but not delete others

Given two directories /.../src and /.../des, they share some subdirectories share1 and share2 des also has a subdirectory named des1 which doesn't exist in src. How can I perform file transfer ...
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Backing up data to two drives

I am currently working on backing up an inactive users data from a server. The data is roughly 7tb. For the backup task, I have two four TB drives. So what is a reasonable way to move the data into ...
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37 views

Rsync: Verify size of incremental backup of a file

I need to test the incremental backup of a file using rsync i.e. whether rsync transfers entire file or just the changes made to it, when an incremental backup is fired. Just for a test, I've created ...
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Is there a way to backup and restore ACL file and folder permissions on linux the way that there is using icacls in Windows? [duplicate]

In Windows you can do this (backup and restore ACL permissions) can you do this in Linux? And to clarify, I mean ACLs in Linux, I do not mean the default permissions modified with chmod / chown.
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Back up and restore file permissions

Is there a way to back up and restore file ownership and permissions (the things that can be changed with chown and chmod)? You can do this in Windows using icacls. What about access control lists?
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What is the proper bash method of prompting the user for administrative password before backing up the usb data to the computer?

mate-terminal --window-with-profile=PROFILENAME="Hold the terminal open" -e "sudo rsync -azvu --log-file=/var/log/simplebackup.log --append-verify --exclude '.gvfs' /media/user/usb/ ...
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How to make a backup of the data in my Laptop? [duplicate]

I would like to make a backup of all the data in my Fedora Laptop (Pictures, Music, Videos, Documents, etc.) in an external hard drive. Basically I need to know two things: A good software to do ...
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Thunderbird: server connection slow after restoring backup on Mint

I've made a copy of the .thunderbird folder in my home directory (on Ubuntu 12.04) and restored that backup on a freshly installed Mint 17.1 Cinnamon using the Profile Dialog of Thunderbird. ...
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32 views

Make links work in backup?

One file system of mine has many symlinks which link to directories in the file system. Is it possible to create a backup of the file system where the backups of the links work (i.e. still point to ...
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Difference between remastersys backup & remastered disk

I am new in Linux OS. I want to take backup of my machine. Now, I am at stage of taking backup but it asks me for below options Option 1] remastersys backup Option 2] remastersys disk I ...
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Backup of home folder store network and printer settings?

Does restoring my home folder, restore network and printer settings on elementary os?
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Deal with files modified by OS or programs in / and /home when backing up the two partitions?

It is said that when backing up a filesystem, don't modify its file(s). When back up an installed OS under /, the OS can modify any file at any time, and is it a problem? Or the files the OS ...
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what distinguishes Rsync-type backups from other backups?

This link classifies incremental backups into Rsync-type and other type: Rsync-type backups The main characteristic of this type of backups is that they maintain a copy of the directory you ...
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Restore from incremental backup?

I read some books which use dump and restore. They said that during restore, first restore the latest full backup, and then restore each incremental backup created after the full backup. But I am ...
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62 views

rsync error during incremental backup

I am learning how to use rysnc (version 3.0.9, protocol version 30) to do backup on a toy example, from a dir /tmp/pdf to a backup dir /tmp/backup, following ...
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Rsync error 23: some files were not transferred, when copying files from Windows drive to external HDD

I wanted to copy files from the Windows drive to external HDD using rsync, with the following command: rsync -azv --progress --exclude-from '/home/mint/exclude.txt' '/media/mint/OS/' ...
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54 views

Deduplication tool for rsync?

Is there a Linux / Unix tool that does de-duplication similar to the way Veeam does it before compressing and sending a backup with rsync to a mirrored location?
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29 views

Let root read all files on NFS directory, even though server has root_squash enabled

I have a NFS directory that is used by multiple users, and hosted on a NFS server that I do not control. I would like to back up the contents of the NFS directory from my client machine. My first ...
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checksum of corrupt file

A backup system ought to be able to handle several scenarios including file deletion, theft, natural disaster and file corruption. [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Data_loss] In terms of file ...
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28 views

How to backup files with only a minimal resue system?

I only have access to my vserver via a minimal rescue system over ssh. It does not have scp or ftp installed. Is there an easy way to backup the files, preferably directly to an ftp server, but to ...
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Backup MySQL Database using gzip and send it directly to FTP Server using CURL

I have a NAS Server and i want to backup the mysql database in gzip format then upload it to ftp server using curl. I also want the filename of the backup to have the current DATE. It is possible to ...
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Automounts: All mounting and will not umount on its own [closed]

I have a few SLES 11.2 servers. They do something really strange with automount. We have nearly 500 possible automounts our users and their codes may need, including automount entries for each ...
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Transferring files from a Linux laptop to a Windows laptop

How do I transfer my Linux Peppermint laptop files to a Windows 8.1 laptop? I'm a relatively new Linux user.
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Tool for migration of service configuration

Is there a tool that handles generic migration of config? For example if I have httpd, postfix, MySQL and users and groups data, is there a tool that can extract the config data for each service so ...
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Databases backup with cron

I'm trying to set up a cron job in order to backup my databases daily. Here's what I wrote in my crontab file : 25 18 * * * root mysqldump -u root -p myPassWord --all-databases | gzip > ...
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263 views

Why has '-' been chosen as the backup file suffix for certain Unix system files?

Example: /etc/group-, /etc/passwd- Is there any motivation behind choice of the - sign (e.g. easier to recognize, process, etc.)?
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56 views

rsync initial sync

I'm new to rsync. I have a Linux machine with an external harddrive (ext3) and a Windows machine with an NTFS external harddrive. I connected the NTFS harddrive to the Linux machine and did a mirror ...
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Should I increase inode count for a rsync backup volume?

Considering rsync used for incremental OS backup creates hardlink farms for all non-differing files, if I use it to backup a large, slowly-changing system regularly to a dedicated volume, I'm worried ...
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ideal btrfs storage scheme to incorporate external USB HDD as backup media

Is there a way to leverage btrfs's advanced features (COW, snapshots, etc.) to continuously backup/mirror my main storage volume to an external USB HDD?
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1answer
55 views

How to use a bootable USB stick and Linux to recover data from a broken hard drive

I would like to run a Linux installation on my Mac from a pen drive in order to create an emergency backup of my most important files. I do not know whether my hard drive is physically broken or just ...
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1answer
51 views

Using rsync for incremental backup, what happens when original full backup is due for deletion?

I have started an incremental back up, on an external hard drive, of my Fedora 20 data etc using the scheme from here, which produces a full back up on day 1 followed by incremental backups using hard ...
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What are portability of backup, remote backup and networked backup mean?

From the book Linux Administration Made Easy: When deciding on a backup solution, you will need to consider the following factors: Portability − Is backup portability (ie. the ability to ...
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320 views

How to use terminal to access iCloud Drive when Finder is not running

I would like to access iCloud drive from Terminal in order to create an emergency backup. Unfortunately, my installation of Mac OS Yosemite is not operational, so I am using recovery mode to create my ...
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Can I change the exclude file list while running rsync under a cron job

I am using Fedora 20, MATE desktop, zshell. I have started a cronjob to run, every evening, an incremental backup using rsync, closely following the suggestions here. After the first run yesterday, ...
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214 views

Raspberry Pi backup server (Mac & Windows) [closed]

I would like to set up my raspberry pi model B and my 2TB hard drive as a backup server for both my windows pc and my mac. I would like to partition my hard drive such that 300GB is for mac time ...
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102 views

ZFS backup advice with another server

I currently have two servers both have the exact same hardware, disks, etc. One server (server1) is going to be the "main" server. It's basically a server with raidz2 that has SMB shares on it that ...
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Is btrfs suitable as backup filesystem?

Right now I have a pretty traditional backup filesystem structure on top of ext4. Every time a backup is made, a new folder backup-DATE is created to which files are rsync'ed (with hardlinks made ...
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166 views

What root directories should I back up? [duplicate]

I intend to start incremental backups of my Fedora 20 system, and would like to know what root directories I should include, and what directories it is useful to exclude. I know there is a lot of ...