awk - pattern-directed scanning and processing language

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2
votes
6answers
1k views

Handling comma in string values in a CSV file [duplicate]

I have a comma-separated file which has numeric and string columns. String columns are quoted and can have comma in between the quotes. How do I identify the columns with FS =","? Sample records ...
4
votes
3answers
520 views

pipe line with non-deterministic output

I have happened upon a command that sometimes works and sometimes does not, even when executed multiple times in rapid succession in a bash shell (I have not tested the behavior in other shells). The ...
0
votes
2answers
103 views

Delete every number that comes before “=”

i have a very, very, very long list. Like over 830,000 characters. I will of course perform said command on a copy. There are multiple lines, like this hey1=lol hey2=lol hey3=lol I want that to ...
1
vote
2answers
201 views

cygwin awk output to windows line delimeters

I could find the way to print zip entries' list and forward to a txt file. unzip -l my.zip | awk '{print $4}' > my.txt When I open the file my.txt in windows' notepad the line delimiters ignored ...
5
votes
3answers
717 views

How to understand the command awk '{for(x=1;$x;++x)print $x}'?

I know this command awk '{for(x=1;$x;++x)print $x}' will print out all columns in a line. wouldn't this ++x change x to 2, and thus print $2 first? As I understood based on this: ...
2
votes
2answers
195 views

awk character class mystery

I seem to be unable to use a character class for an awk regular expression, almost exactly as described here : user@host:~$ awk -W version mawk 1.3.3 Nov 1996, Copyright (C) Michael D. Brennan ...
-2
votes
2answers
511 views

Extract certain column from CSV files [closed]

I have a directory with a group of CSV files. All files have the same column headers. I need to extract values in a certain column from all files. The common part in files names is ...
0
votes
2answers
153 views

Rearrange the file content

I have a file with content as 123 OneTwoThree 234 TwoThreeFour 345 ThreeFourFive I want to convert this file into something like this OneTwoThree 123 TwoThreeFour 234 ThreeFourFive 345 Here ...
5
votes
6answers
339 views

Remove duplicates values within a field

How to remove duplicate (or more) values within a selected field in a file, keeping only one copy? Exemple Input file: A 1,2,3,45,1,8,2,3 B 5,6,6,6,6,6,2,3,7 Expected output: A ...
2
votes
2answers
200 views

How to escape spaces etc in passed variable, for system call to cp in awk

As the title suggests, this problem has enough layers of complexity to make simple escaping characters difficult for me. I have a bash script which, for a large part, has an embedded awk script that ...
0
votes
3answers
124 views

awk pattern matching and merge files

I have 3 files 1.csv and 2.csv and 3.csv 1.csv TELECOM_DEVELOPMENT_AFGHANISTAN_COMPANY,AFGHANISTAN,Alphanumeric_A_MSISDN_blocking,1 ...
2
votes
5answers
496 views

extracting/copy ranges of columns from large data file

I was trying to prepare data files from one large file by extracting columns and pasting into a new file. The number of columns of the given data is very large. I want to prepare a number of data ...
1
vote
2answers
86 views

awk - read program AND input from the standard input?

Is it possible for awk to read the program and the input from the standard input? I would like to be able to pipe a file to the following function. process_data () { awk -f - <<EOF {print} ...
5
votes
4answers
232 views

How to replace m part of Lines with n part of Lines?

I have a file "test" like this: RewiteEngine On RewriteCond %{REMOTE_ADDR} !^192\.168\.1\.7$ [NC] RewriteCond %{REMOTE_ADDR} !^192\.168\.1\.8$ [NC] RewriteCond %{REMOTE_ADDR} ...
1
vote
4answers
1k views

Extract value between double quotes

My query is to extract the value between double quotes "". Sample input is : 10.219.41.68 - - - [11/Jun/2014:10:23:04 -0400] Sec:0 MicSec:1797 "GET /balancer-manager HTTP/1.1" 200 28980 "-" ...
1
vote
2answers
767 views

Extracting text string from file, assigning them to variables then writing them to another file?

Basically, its a game server (minecraft) and I have a situation where I am attempting to automate new world generation. Basically, I have a file that gets generated happily which has this snippet in ...
6
votes
1answer
1k views

Delete an array in awk

In awk, I can clear an array with a loop, making it an empty array, which is equivalent to deleting it. for (key in array) delete array[key]; Is there a simpler way? Can I completely delete an ...
3
votes
1answer
113 views

grep upto matching brackets

I have a file like this:- pin(ABC) { a b c d e f { abc } } pin(XYZ) { g h i j k { j k { ...
0
votes
2answers
83 views

remove duplicate entry from file1 if entry present in file2

I want to delete duplicate entry e from file1 if e is also present in file2. Input file1: x1 y1 x2 y2 x3 y3 x4 y4 y1 x1 x5 y5 y3 x3 x6 y6 x5 y5 Input file2: y1 x1 y2 x2 y3 x3 y4 x4 ...
1
vote
2answers
373 views

rename a batch of files after reading from a source file

I have a directory full of over a thousand files and the names are bit long (and no pattern found in the naming style). I would like to simplify the filenames. E.g.: ...
1
vote
2answers
192 views

How can I sort a .txt file by two columns?

Feb 7 domainserver dovecot[37495]: auth(default): od(tjones): lookup failed for user: tjones Above is a sample output of what I'd like to sort. I'd like to sort by date on the first column, but ...
0
votes
1answer
160 views

grepping of common lines between two file based on specific columns values in case of multi matching

I want to match column3 of file1 & column2 of file2 , after that i want to print all column of matching lines in a single line, i know how to do it but the problem is that if there are not unique ...
0
votes
2answers
162 views

How match different column in file 1 and file2 with awk?

I have the following two files. The first file is : 3184 2014-07-28 04:15 global.Remote-Access 10.111.8.25 81.245.6.25 tcp 3268 3035 2014-07-28 04:16 global.Remote-Access 10.111.8.12 81.245.6.25 ...
3
votes
3answers
56 views

Patterns and file processing

Let's say I have to perform these actions from an input file: extract nth field from a line starting with a given pattern (in the exemple: 2nd field of the line starting with pattern 'name') ...
0
votes
2answers
1k views

how to remove all double quotes from csv except specific field

I want to remove all double quotes from my csv but not the fourth field (because the four fields represent PATH of file) Please advice how to implement this by sed or awk or perl one liner , etc ...
3
votes
1answer
267 views

awk + gsub + how to work with all kind of characters

The following awk command target is remove spaces and unnecessary quotes from CSV file and only from single words between separators awk 'gsub(/("[ ]+|[ ...
2
votes
2answers
81 views

Replace column entry with sum of other column entries

Let's say I have a file that contains these lines: 02.03.14 14.50 14.50 0.00 Desc 02.03.14 17.00 0.00 17.00 Desc 01.03.14 2.82 1.68 calc Desc 02.03.14 1.04 0.00 ...
1
vote
1answer
66 views

Combining awk statements

I'd like to combine those awk statements: awk -F'\t' 'NF>1 && $NF!=""' #prints every row with more than two fields awk '$1 ~ /^[0-9]/' #prints every row starting with a number awk ...
4
votes
4answers
301 views

Printing selective fields following 1st column instructions

Suppose I have a file in which I'd like to simultaneously print different awk commands following the first column instuctions, without messing up the original file (as it would happen with two ...
4
votes
2answers
817 views

Print lines if given column starts with a capital letter

I have a file like this: ID A56 DS /A56 DS AGE 56 And I'd like to print the whole line only if the second column starts with a capital letter. Expected output: ID A56 DS AGE 56 What I've ...
1
vote
2answers
97 views

Search for a string in a line and append related lines

I have a file containing some ID (identifier) and DS (description) lines. I'd like to keep the rows containing the string value in their ID line, as well as all the following (related) DS lines before ...
0
votes
2answers
600 views

How to print a string at the end of line using awk?

I am very new to awk. I am trying to add a new calculated column. But awk insert the column to the next line rather to the end of the current line. Here is an example of my data: ...
33
votes
4answers
3k views

Reverse grepping

Let's say, I have a really big text file (about 10.000.000 lines). I need to grep it from the end and save result to a file. What's the most efficient way to accomplish task?
2
votes
2answers
134 views

Format output to a specific line length

So I have some output that has very long lines, and I want to have it formatted to lines no more than 80 columns wide, but I don't want to split words because they are in the column limit. I tried ...
3
votes
4answers
542 views

Aggregate and group text file in perl or bash

I have a big text file(with 5m lines) in this format(4 columns, separated by ;): string1; string2; string3; userId The first 3 strings (SHA1s) form a single ID, called appId (so it can be ...
3
votes
1answer
171 views

Is there a way to pass a variable from an awk statement to a bash function as an argument? [closed]

I am trying to look a for some specific values from (such as 1 or 4 and 2 or 3) a text file using an awk statement in a bash script. If this value is found in the file (within the awk statement), then ...
1
vote
2answers
87 views

How to determine the newly closed file within a continuous audit log rotation?

I am attempting to find the best way to determine when the second file (of a matching criteria) is created. The context is an audit log rotation. Given a directory where audit logs are created every ...
4
votes
5answers
824 views

Print last element of each row

How can one print the element after the last tab in a file? Exemple: File1 A 3 8 6 7 B 4 6 2 3 6 8 c 1 9 would return: 7 8 9
1
vote
2answers
103 views

Assignment in braces vs outside braces in awk

From this question, I answer with this solution: awk 'FNR==NR{a[FNR]=$2;next}{$NF=a[FNR]}1' file2 file1 It works as expected. But the first solution I thought is: $ awk ...
2
votes
2answers
564 views

Merging columns from two separate files

How to create a new file merging selective columns from two separate files using awk? Without messing up the elements orders of BOTH files. Exemple: File 3 may contain column 1,2,3 from File 1 and ...
5
votes
3answers
5k views

awk with if statements

I am trying to print from a file using awk, but my output is empty. Here is my code so far accountNum=$1 while read -r LINE || [[ -n $LINE ]] ; do awk -F',' '{ if($1==accountNum) { print ...
6
votes
2answers
943 views

Number of comma-separated fields in a text file

I'm trying to build an awk statement to read this file: A 1,2,3 * A 4,5,6 ** B 1 B 4,5 * and build a file like this: A 1,2,3 * 3 1 0.333 A 4,5,6 ** 3 2 0.666 B ...
6
votes
1answer
69 views

Count duplicate rows with constraint

I have the following file: A B 1990 A C 2001 A C 2013 A B 2001 B C 2013 A D 2001 A D 2014 I need to count duplicate pairs (in the 1st and 2nd column) and to each such pair assign the lowest value ...
2
votes
1answer
353 views

Backslash with pipe in system command from awk

I want to invoke shell command from awk so I am using system() but when I am passing expression in I am getting error at backslash. Here is my expression echo "select * from abc limit 1;"| ...
3
votes
1answer
43 views

Calculate intervals

How to explicit the intervals between numerical values in a file? (better if an awk one-liner) Input: A 1-3 B 5-7 Output A 1,2,3 B 5,6,7 Code I've tried so far: sed -i 's/-/\t/g' ...
0
votes
1answer
69 views

Split values rewriting key and value in newline

File1.txt A 1 2 3 File2.txt A 1 A 2 A 3 File 2 can be converted into File 1 using the following code (the first column is the primary key): cat File2.txt| awk '{line="";for (i = 2; ...
0
votes
1answer
103 views

Check values in a text file

Is there a simple way to check if values in the second column of a file ( File 2) exist in the second column of another file (File 1), for example by printing a star next to the concerned line? If ...
1
vote
3answers
51 views

Delete whole line if after “:” less than 4 chars

I have a file with many lines, such as : blue:fish red:tomato black:moon I would like the whole line to be deleted if after ":", there is less than 4 chars. Thanks for your help!
1
vote
1answer
3k views

Sorting file by second column

How can I manipulate a two columns tab-separated text file by sorting by the first element of the second column (only if the first column element is the same)? Exemple: Input File 1 A 1-2 A ...
1
vote
2answers
320 views

merge csv files, escape comma inside quotes

I have 3 csv files I want to join by first column (id column) Each file has the same 3 columns Row example : id | timestamp | Name 3792318, 2014-07-15 00:00:00, "A, B" When I join ...