awk - pattern-directed scanning and processing language

learn more… | top users | synonyms

5
votes
1answer
81 views

Delete an array in awk

In awk, I can clear an array with a loop, making it an empty array, which is equivalent to deleting it. for (key in array) delete array[key]; Is there a simpler way? Can I completely delete an ...
5
votes
2answers
202 views

how to add command line calculator to bash that uses comma as decimal mark?

How can I add a command line calculator to my bash? I have found some, but all of them use the full stop as decimal mark, but I want to have it to use the comma as decimal mark as most of the world ...
5
votes
2answers
483 views

Use a script parameter in awk

Here is my script (to find the files that contain a specified pattern) : find . -type f -exec awk -v vawk="$1" '/'"$vawk"'/ {c++} c>0 {print ARGV[1] ; exit 0 } END { if (! c) {exit 1}}' \{\} \; ...
5
votes
3answers
168 views

The ERE regex to split() string between a delimiter and end-of-word

I'm using a long gawk 3.1.6 script to do a complex conversion of Zim markdown text into GtkDialog code and am stuck on the following problem... Sample ASCII input... [[link|label label]] [[link]] ...
5
votes
2answers
406 views

Gawk: Passing arrays to functions

Stuck with GNU awk 3.1.6 and think I've worked around its array bugs but still have what looks like a scope problem in a 600-line awk program. Need to verify understanding of array scope in awk to ...
5
votes
2answers
76 views

Grepping for a block of text with parts that can be optional

I have multiple entries that describes an event in a very large log file, say A.log. I would like to do two things with the event entries in the log file: Count the number of occurrences of each ...
5
votes
2answers
183 views

Use awk to insert a line after N output

I have a text file filled with a bunch of data. I need to pull out lines that contain specific strings. I accomplished this with awk using the following: awk '/pattern1|pattern2|pattern3/ {print;}' ...
5
votes
1answer
2k views

Fast elimination of duplicate lines across multiple files

I have a huge amount of data in which each (data-)line should be unique. There are a lot of files in one folder in which this is already true. It is about 15GB splitted into roughly 170 files with ...
5
votes
3answers
764 views

extracting “tag” information from git with a shell script

The vc bundle is a neat little package that extracts information about a git repo for easy insertion into a LaTeX document. It doesn't currently extract information about whether the current commit is ...
5
votes
3answers
108 views

Increment numbers inside strings by an offset

I want to search a text file for strings like these. [task0] [task1] ... [task1613] and increment each by a given offset, in this case by 3640. So, with the example I gave above, I'd get the ...
5
votes
1answer
38 views

Count duplicate rows with constraint

I have the following file: A B 1990 A C 2001 A C 2013 A B 2001 B C 2013 A D 2001 A D 2014 I need to count duplicate pairs (in the 1st and 2nd column) and to each such pair assign the lowest value ...
4
votes
7answers
323 views

How can I groups numbers in a file

I have a file with numbers in float format. I can review them via sort -rn numbers.txt | less I would like though to be able to "group" them. I.e. easily see how many are in the same range. To give an ...
4
votes
6answers
285 views

want the last line when duplicate awk?

I have the file: key value blah blah blah blah blahblah man1 boy1 blah blah man1 boy2 man1 boy1 I do this to remove duplicate lines: awk '/man1/ { print $1,$2} ' file | awk '!x[$0]++' and the ...
4
votes
4answers
647 views

How to remove duplicate lines with awk whilst keeping empty lines?

Below awk command removes all duplicate lines as explained here: awk '!seen[$0]++' If the text contains empty lines, all but one empty line will be deleted. How can I keep all empty lines whilst ...
4
votes
3answers
342 views

pipe line with non-deterministic output

I have happened upon a command that sometimes works and sometimes does not, even when executed multiple times in rapid succession in a bash shell (I have not tested the behavior in other shells). The ...
4
votes
5answers
4k views

extract the 4th column from a csv file using unix command

I have a csv file formatted as below. "col1","col2","col3","col4" "1","text1","<p>big html text</p> ","4th column" "2","text2","<p>big2 html2 text2</p> ...
4
votes
3answers
1k views

Summing up an array inside of awk?

I have the following piece of code: sum1= sum2= declare -a a echo $temp | awk '{split($0,a,","); name=a[1] ; for(i=2;i<=4;i++) sum1+=a[i] ; for(i=5;i<=7;i++) sum2+=a[i] }' This code is ...
4
votes
5answers
2k views

Convert formatted dates to seconds since the epoch

I have a file: pablo tty8 Thu Nov 1 12:51:21 2012 still logged in (unknown tty8 Thu Nov 1 12:50:57 2012 - Thu Nov 1 12:51:21 2012 (00:00) pablo tty2 Thu Nov 1 12:50:39 2012 still logged in pablo ...
4
votes
4answers
573 views

remove blank lines in awk display

I was trying to figure out a solution for this question. I wanted to use awk for the solution. My input file is something like below. -bash-3.2$ cat file ramesh ramesh_venkat ramesh3_venkat3 ...
4
votes
7answers
526 views

How to split a filename list in 5GB sets?

I have a pretty big list of files which I like to group in smaller list of 5GB each for further processing. The file list is in the following form: "size" (from du) "tab" "absolute path", like this ...
4
votes
4answers
7k views

removing the first and the last character of every line from command line

I am trying to remove the first and the last characters of everyline in a text file and save the resulting truncated version in a new file. Does anyone have an idea about how to do that efficiently ...
4
votes
4answers
283 views

Redirecting Output of print to multiples files in awk

I want to print same lines to 2 different files. What I am doing right now is: print ID[i]" "Value[i]" "TS1[i]" "TS2[i] > "file1.txt"; print ID[i]" "Value[i]" "TS1[i]" "TS2[i] > "file2.txt"; ...
4
votes
3answers
385 views

awk command for parsing a file

I have a following text file. I am showing you the first 3 lines. chrom st end gene strand c1 c2 c3 c4 c5 c6 c7 c8 c9 c10 c11 c12 c13 c14 chr6 3345 3543 geneA + 36 -23 ...
4
votes
6answers
99 views

Only show the lines that are in all textfiles at least once

a.txt cat a.txt a b x c b.txt cat b.txt d e a f the q: SOMEMAGICK *.txt a Q: how can I show only the lines that are in all *.txt files?
4
votes
4answers
737 views

How to remove character and space from a string

Hello I have one file with output Name : ABC Name : CDE Name : ZYS I want to get the result ABC CDE ZYS How can i get it through SED command. I have tried. sed s/'Name' but ...
4
votes
3answers
1k views

Show lines matching a pattern and the 4 lines before each

For example, from this file: CREATE SYNONYM I801XS07 FOR I8010.I801XT07 * ERROR at line 1: ORA-00955: name is already used by an existing object CREATE SYNONYM I801XS07 FOR ...
4
votes
4answers
771 views

Print line after nth occurrence of a match

I am looking to display the line 4598 in the following file. Effectively I want to display the line AFTER the nth occurrence of a match. In this case, the line after the 3rd occurrence of <Car>. ...
4
votes
4answers
506 views

Joining two files with unique identifier

I have two files with approximately 12900 and 4400 entries respectively, that I want to join. The files contain location information for all landbased weather observing stations around the globe. The ...
4
votes
4answers
128 views

Printing selective fields following 1st column instructions

Suppose I have a file in which I'd like to simultaneously print different awk commands following the first column instuctions, without messing up the original file (as it would happen with two ...
4
votes
3answers
4k views

Get lines with maximum values in the column using awk, uniq and sort

I have a file with next format 2011-12-01 user1 access1 2011-12-01 user1 access2 2011-12-01 user2 access2 2011-12-01 user4 access2 2011-12-02 user1 access1 2012-01-01 user3 access1 2012-01-01 user4 ...
4
votes
2answers
6k views

Compare two file columns

I have long text files with space-delimited fields: cat file1.txt Id leng sal mon 25671 34343 56565 5565 44888 56565 45554 6868 23343 23423 26226 6224 77765 88688 87464 6848 66776 23343 63463 ...
4
votes
2answers
337 views

How can I get awk to print both matches and non-matches?

Basically, all I want to do is alter outputs if the input matches a filter, but the part being altered isn't what is being filtered (or I would use sed). The problem so far is that my awk is only ...
4
votes
2answers
199 views

Print lines if given column starts with a capital letter

I have a file like this: ID A56 DS /A56 DS AGE 56 And I'd like to print the whole line only if the second column starts with a capital letter. Expected output: ID A56 DS AGE 56 What I've ...
4
votes
4answers
3k views

Pass shell variable as a /pattern/ to awk

Having the following in one of my shell functions: function _process () { awk -v l="$line" ' BEGIN {p=0} /'"$1"'/ {p=1} END{ if(p) print l >> "outfile.txt" } ' } , so when called as ...
4
votes
5answers
99 views

Reformat each two-line sequence into two columns

I would like to tab my printout: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 to 1 2 5 6 3 4 7 8 How to adjust it using simple command line (awk or sed)??
4
votes
3answers
188 views

How to only output lines that are younger than 3 months?

cat a.txt 1387111124 ./asfjlasdf.txt 1348681215 ./akdfyxcv.txt So I need this: cat a.txt | SOMEMAGIC 1387111124 ./asfjlasdf.txt The output should only have the lines that are younger than 3 ...
4
votes
3answers
503 views

using awk to split a line on single spaces not multiples

I'm trying to split a line that I have no control over the format of. If parameter 7 and 8 are missing which is possible they will be replaced by a space so I would end up with, field1 field2 field3 ...
4
votes
2answers
3k views

Working with columns - awk and sed

I am trying to parse a text file that is generated by an expec script that pulls down some information from a switch. Here is a sample output: 192 0000.0000.0000 1/g23 Dynamic ...
4
votes
3answers
265 views

awk with if statements

I am trying to print from a file using awk, but my output is empty. Here is my code so far accountNum=$1 while read -r LINE || [[ -n $LINE ]] ; do awk -F',' '{ if($1==accountNum) { print ...
4
votes
3answers
165 views

Extracting text using sed does not work as expected [duplicate]

I am just starting out using sed and I intend to use it to extract IP addresses from ping output. Here's what I am trying to achieve exactly: input text: ytmti (192.188.2.3) jjggy desired ...
4
votes
4answers
115 views

Combine fdisk and df in the same output

sudo fdisk -l gives : 255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 60801 cylinders, total 976773168 sectors Units = sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes I/O size ...
4
votes
2answers
466 views

Replace string with sequential index

Can someone suggest an elegant way to accomplish this? Input: test instant () test instant () ... test instant () //total 1000 lines output should be: test instant1 () test ...
4
votes
2answers
52 views

Find holes in an enumeration in awk

I have a file that looks like this 1400a_comp 49472 2868636.1026583919660 GOOD 1400a_comp 49473 2868647.1026579919650 GOOD ...
4
votes
2answers
136 views

Column mismatch and substituting

input.txt (tab-delimted) TTTTOTTT00000000008 RTTTT899 5.00E-28 TTTTOTTT00000000046 RTTTWRR 3.00E-31 TTTTOTTT00000000051 2.00E-11 TTTTOTTT00000000051 7.00E-12 TTTTOTTT00000000054 ...
4
votes
2answers
588 views

Why does this awk command not play as well with find as sed does?

I am very much a newbie at Unix/Linux command line stuff, and mostly get to where I'm going by copying, pasting, and modifying code I find on the internet. Just mentioning that in hopes people will ...
4
votes
5answers
4k views

How can I convert tab delimited data to comma delimited data?

I'm requesting a list of ec2 snapshots via amazon's ec2 command line tool: ec2-describe-snapshots -H --hide-tags > snapshots.csv The data looks something like this: SnapshotId VolumeId ...
4
votes
3answers
4k views

Adding a Column of values in a tab delimited file

How can I add a Column of values in a file which has a certain number of rows. I have a input file like this: Input file: SPATA17 1 217947738 LYPLAL1 1 219383905 FAM47E 4 77192838 SHROOM3 4 ...
4
votes
2answers
68 views

awk pairwise differences

I run into this problem a lot with data, if I have some integers, I frequently want to look at differences between adjacent integers, I usually solve this in Ruby or Python, but I think such a thing ...
4
votes
2answers
65 views

Concatenating fields from lines with different numbers of fields

Given input like this: x y a b c t p q w w t a b c d p q r I'd like to concatenate fields from field 3 up to but not including the last one. If field 3 is the last field, I'd like to insert a ...
4
votes
3answers
807 views

Change the text on a single line number in multiple text files

Suppose that I have ten bash shell scripts: script1.sh, script2.sh, ..., script10.sh. Initially, all ten files are identical. Now, I would like to make two changes in each script: In each file, ...