This tag is meant for everything that has to do with mathematical operations. So if you want to ask a question about doing calculations in `awk`, or if you have a question about `bc`, this is the right tag to use.

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4
votes
3answers
2k views

How do I create a bash script that sums any number of command line arguments?

How would I create a bash script that the user can use to sum any amount of command line arguments? For example, say my script is called sum: sum 3 3 sum 3 5 8 sum 9 8 21 38 And so on.. I ...
2
votes
4answers
1k views

how to convert number to time format in shell script?

I want to cut a video into about 10 minute parts like this. ffmpeg -i video.mp4 -ss 00:00:00 -t 00:10:00 -c copy 01.mp4 ffmpeg -i video.mp4 -ss 00:10:00 -t 00:10:00 -c copy 02.mp4 ffmpeg -i video.mp4 ...
1
vote
3answers
4k views

Shell scripting to divide numbers inside a file

I have a single column and 12 rows. Each row has numerical values. I want to divide each row values by some constant number (say C) using shell (bash) scripting. How to do this ? Thanks in advance..
10
votes
4answers
1k views

Why does “$(( ~33 ))” produce -34?

$ echo $(( 255 )) 255 $ echo $(( 33 )) 33 $ echo $(( ~33 )) -34 $ echo $(( ~255 )) -256 $ and my kernel is: $ uname -a Linux HOSTNAME 3.2.0-40-generic-pae #64-Ubuntu SMP Mon Mar 25 21:44:41 UTC ...
7
votes
3answers
4k views

how to suppress bash octal number interpretation? (to be interpreted as decimal)

I have this: date +"%H hours and %M minutes" I use festival to say it up.. but it says like: "zero nine hours".. I want it to say "nine hours"! but date always give me 09... so I wonder if bash ...
2
votes
1answer
271 views

Difference between two types of shell arithmetic

What is the difference between the following two shell arithmetic commands: echo $[ $var1 - 1 ] echo $(( $var1 - 1 )) Assuming var1 = 5 for example.
1
vote
2answers
4k views

case + how to implement equal or less or greater in case syntax

My target is to verify a range of number with (only with case + esac), and print the range. So for example: If the number is between 0 and 80, print >=0<=80 If the number is between 81 and 100 ...
9
votes
5answers
17k views

Binary to hexadecimal and decimal in a shell script

I have a context where I need to convert binary to hexadecimal and decimal and viceversa in a shell script. Can someone suggest me a tool for this?
6
votes
3answers
1k views

bash -e exits when let or expr evaluates to 0

I have a bash script that sets -e so the script will exit on any exit status != 0. I'm trying to do some basic shell arithmetic assigned to variables and sometimes the expression equals 0 which ...
17
votes
6answers
15k views

How to create a sequence with leading zeroes using brace expansion

When I use the following, I get a result as expected: $ echo {8..10} 8 9 10 How can I use this brace expansion in an easy way, to get the following output? $ echo {8..10} 08 09 10 I now that ...
3
votes
2answers
1k views

Error when subtracting two negative numbers in ksh: “assignment requires lvalue”

I am trying to debug someone else's script: The code line is: y=$((${oldvalue[$x]}-${newvalue[$x]})) y gets calculated fine as long as both sides are positive numbers. However, I have a ...
4
votes
1answer
3k views

awk high precision arithmetic

I am looking for a way to tell awk to do high-precision arithmetic in a substitution operation. This involves, reading a field from a file and substituting it with a 1% increment on that value. ...
1
vote
2answers
24k views

How to add arithmetic variables in a script

I want to accumulate the line size of a number of files contained in a folder. I have written the following script: let a=0 let num=0 for i in folder/* do num=`cat $i | wc -l` ...
4
votes
2answers
370 views

Redirect stderr of the double-parentheses construct

I'd like to be able to redirect the stderr of a double-parentheses construct. For example: a=$(($var/$var2)) would output some error messages if $var2 = 0, I do not want the user to see this. I ...
4
votes
4answers
12k views

Calculate variable, and output it to another variable

The only calculator I know is bc. I want to add 1 to a variable, and output to another variable. I got the nextnum variable from counting string in a file: nextnum=`grep -o stringtocount ...
5
votes
1answer
667 views

Emacs simple arithmetics in query replace

Is it possible to do the following in emacs: Query replace all numbers in a region by the number +n, for example if you have: 12 and 7 are nice numbers let n be 3, then it should transform to 15 ...
6
votes
2answers
388 views

Trying to do arithmetic in Perl rename tool (Debian)

Let's suppose I have five mp3 files: 01-trackfoo.mp3 02-trackbar.mp3 03-trackbaz.mp3 04-trackabc.mp3 05-trackxyz.mp3 Now I give a quick listen to the files (just mplayer on console will do the ...
5
votes
2answers
7k views

Bash: integer expression expected, using read/test

I'm learning the basics of shell programming, so I wrote something simple like #!/bin/bash read var1 read var2 if [ var1 -lt var2 ]; then echo "var1 is lt var2" else echo "var2 is lt var1" fi ...
2
votes
2answers
2k views

How to divide a list of values by a number in command line?

I am trying to translate a simple program to the command line using unix utilities. For example, if I have a frequency list (after piping through uniq and sort) 5 x 4 y 1 z I want to print out, ...
7
votes
1answer
918 views

Why does a=0; let a++ return exit code 1?

Try it: $ a=0 $ let a++ $ echo $? 1 # Did the world just go mad? $ echo $a 1 # Yes, it did. $ let a++ $ echo $? 0 # We have normality. $ echo $a 2 Contrast with this: $ b=0 $ let b+=1 $ echo $? 0 ...
10
votes
7answers
15k views

Doing simple math on the command line using bash functions: $1 divided by $2 (using bc perhaps)

Sometimes I need to divide one number by another. It would be great if I could just define a bash function for this. So far, I am forced to use expressions like echo 'scale=25;65320/670' | bc but ...
9
votes
4answers
9k views

creating a sequence of numbers, one per line in a file

Is there a way to create out of thin air, a file that is a sequence of numbers, starting at a given number, one per line? something like magic_command start 100 lines 5 > b.txt and then, b.txt ...
15
votes
8answers
21k views

How to compare to floating point number in a shell script

I want to compare two floating point numbers in a shell script. The following code is not working: #!/bin/bash min=12.45 val=10.35 if (( $val < $min )) ; then min=$val fi echo $min
2
votes
4answers
313 views

Generate lists of page numbers for 2-up duplex printing: 2,3,… and 1,4,…

How can I generate the following increments? 2,3,6,7,10,11,14,15,18,19,22,23,26,27,30,31,34,35,38,39,42,43,46,47,...,135 and ...
1
vote
3answers
886 views

Writing a shell script to take output of an executable and perform some calculation

I am not much familiar with shell script. I want to write a shell script for the following pseudo-code: min=some garbage value for(i=1 to N){ // N and n will be taken as input for the shell script. ...
3
votes
3answers
13k views

How to calculate values in a shell script?

I run this command in the terminal: grep "bla bla blah" blah* | echo "Blah: $(wc -l) / $(ls | wc -l) * 100" And I get this output: Blah: 44 / 89 * 100 What I expect to see: 49.4 Is there a ...
3
votes
4answers
4k views

Increment number in bash variable string

VERSION="4.0beta12" NEXT_VERSION=????? Writing an automatic release script, I have the current version in a variable $VERSION, and I would like to calculate the next version as $NEXT_VERSION. Rule: ...
3
votes
2answers
412 views

Why does $((40-35)) turn into 5?

What kind of strange shell syntax is hidden behind $((40-35)) and how come it calculates a value? Example: $> echo $((40-35)) 5
6
votes
2answers
802 views

Using bash “double paren” arithmetic expansion, math fails with leading zero

I have a simple script that deals with hours and minutes. If I want to calculate number of minutes since midnight having a string s hh:mm I tried splitting string then doing hh * 60 + mm My problem ...
18
votes
3answers
10k views

Bash: double equals vs -eq

I am doing integer comparison in bash (trying to see if the user is running as root), and I found two different ways of doing it: Double equals: if [ $UID == 0 ] then fi -eq if [ $UID -eq 0 ] ...
2
votes
3answers
4k views

grepping a variable and adding 1 to it

I have a variable containing a leading zeroes number, and I want to grep this variable and that same variable plus one. I made several attempts but ran into errors. Here's what I want to do: read var ...
-1
votes
1answer
3k views

Sum of grep results

I need to output the sum of a grep results for a certain time, for now i hard coded the time grep but any help will be very much appreciated, my problem is i cant output the results on the script. If ...
38
votes
13answers
55k views

Is there a way to get the min, max, median, and average of a list of numbers in a single command?

I have a list of numbers in a file, one per line. How can I get the minimum, maximum, median and average values? I want to use the results in a bash script. Although my immediate situation is for ...
5
votes
2answers
4k views

In bash, how to convert 8 bytes to an unsigned int (64bit LE)?

How can I 'read/interpret' 8 bytes as an unsigned int (Little Endian)? Perhaps there is a Bash-fu magic conversion for this? UPDATE: It seems that something got cross-wired in the interpretation of ...