Debian package manager

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115
votes
9answers
33k views

What is the real difference between “apt-get” and “aptitude”? (How about “wajig”?)

I know that both apt-get and aptitude are command line package management interfaces on Debian derived Linux, with different options, but I'm still somewhat confused. Under the hood, aren't they ...
14
votes
2answers
521 views

Why do package names contain version numbers?

While working with Ubuntu and other Debian-based distros, I've noticed that packages in the software repos often contain the major version number. For example, Apache: apache2 Tomcat: tomcat7 PHP: ...
9
votes
4answers
749 views

How can I reliably “hold” a package in Debian?

I have a package in Debian that has been manually patched (not ideal, I know) that I must hold at its current version so upgrades don't overwrite the patched changes (I will manually inspect and apply ...
7
votes
4answers
15k views

Removing broken packages

Recently in a bout of frustration with getting phpmyadmin setup, I decided to start from scratch. Unfortunately, during the uninstall phase, I was prompted with the root password for mysql which I ...
4
votes
1answer
318 views

Apt/Aptitude: how to filter packages that are impossible to install?

Especially when running Sid, there are many packages that become non-installable as the dependencies change ABI versions, or the dependencies themselves may have been dropped. It'd be good to know how ...
3
votes
2answers
1k views

What packages are installed by default in Debian? Is there a term for that set? Why some of those packages are `automatically installed` and some not?

It's a very simple question, but I wonder, is there a term to refer to the subset of packages that is automatically installed by Debian distribution? I though that it had something to do with ...
0
votes
0answers
388 views

apt-get or aptitude [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: What is the real difference between “apt-get” and “aptitude”? (How about “wajig”?) I'm new in Linux (Ubuntu) world. When I need to ...