APT (Advanced Packaging Tool) is the standard software package management system for Debian and its derivatives.

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How do I hide packages from appearing in apt system?

The list of uninstalled packages appearing in my aptitude is massive, but is full of packages that I'm very sure I will never ever install. E.g. my laptop is using intel graphics, so it doesn't make ...
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151 views

Manage local package repository

I just installed a fresh Waldorf (Crunchbang, Debian Wheezy-based) on a computer which has no Internet access. Previously on a Xubuntu 10.04 VM, what I did when I needed some software was: go to ...
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77 views

Generating a list of alternative packages with apt tools

Given a package how can I list all possible packages that are alternatives to this package? In the alternate, how can I tell if a package or one of it's alternates is installed? Using something in ...
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4answers
545 views

Connect to the Internet on a VPN connected server without Internet

I've a remote server which is not connected to the internet, but I can connect from via SSH to it through a VPN tunnel. On this client I got internet. Is it possible 'get internet' from the client ...
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1k views

Why there is no https transport for debian apt tool?

With all paranoia that has come with NSA revelations and everything, I'm wondering why debian package installation mechanism does not support HTTPS for its transport, let alone using it by default. I ...
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805 views

How often does Debian update its Stable repository?

Ever since release day (early Feb 2011), I haven't got any updates (apt-get update && apt-get upgrade). I've tried another repository (ftp://ftp.de.debian.org/debian), and it's the same thing. ...
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271 views

What is the preferred way to install new versions of software?

I have installed Ubuntu Server 10.10 and now I want to install some software like PostgreSQL, Nginx and PHP. But what is the preferred way to get the latest stable version of the software? E.g I ...
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83 views

How do I find out where the contents of a package are installed?

I ran into this bug, where Cantor can't find the sage backend if both are installed through the ubuntu package system. I can get around this bug if I know the path to the sage executable, but even ...
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752 views

Why does installing python-minimal package also grab the python package on Debian?

From running: apt-cache depends python2.6-minimal | grep Depends and apt-cache depends python2.6 | grep Depends it looks like python2.6 depends on python2.6-minimal and a lot more. However, ...
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3answers
210 views

List all software installed from particular component (non-free, contrib)

Is there a way to list all non-free and contrib software installed in Debian via apt? /etc/apt/sources.list is as follows deb http://ftp.us.debian.org/debian/ wheezy main non-free contrib deb-src ...
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4answers
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debian: what is “/var/log/apt/term.log” good for

My system is Debian Wheezy. I have noticed that when I run apt-get, additionally to /var/log/apt/history.log another log file gets created /var/log/apt/term.log. It seems to me that term.log contains ...
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1answer
967 views

apt-get without installing recommendations for a certain package

I can edit /etc/apt/apt.conf and add the line: apt::install-recommends "false"; But that will always skip recommendations. How can I do this only once for the installation to a certain package ...
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125 views

Recently installed applications missing from $PATH

When I install apps using apt-get or NVM or NPM on Ubuntu, I can type the command and it works. Then I log out of the shell and log back in. Now none of the things I installed work when I ask for ...
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2answers
544 views

Finding yum equivalents of apt repositories?

I have code to setup an Ubuntu server that relies on apt-get. It has lots of packages as documented on our project wiki, for example these: development environment and the ruby dependencies. However, ...
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1answer
310 views

How can I view packages from a specific repository?

In my /etc/apt/sources.list if I add the path: deb http://debian.meebey.net/pkg-mono ./ Can I view packages from this specific repository alone?
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Using the apt package manager refuse an update for a specific package

I am attempting to upgrade a few packages using the apt package manager. However there is a specific package in the list that I don't want to upgrade. In fact I don't want anyone to ever upgrade it. ...
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2answers
11k views

Every package “has no installation candidate”

While attempting to install openssh-server on Ubuntu 14.04 64-bit, I get the following error: Package openssh-server is not available but is referred to by another package. This may mean that the ...
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uninstalling iceweasel with apt-get autoremove

When I try to uninstall iceweasel it wants to uninstall dependencies like 'gnome' and 'gnome-core', which of course I don't want. I tried to follow several instructions in apt-get - autoremove wants ...
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Get package sources and repository link

Is there any way (dpkg, apt?) to get a package's sources and URL to repository, if available, in Debian ?
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1answer
3k views

How to add an iso file as APT source

Say I have this line in "/etc/fstab": /iso/apt.iso /mnt/apt iso9660 loop 0 0 And I run these commands as root: mount --all apt-cdrom add --no-mount --cdrom /mnt/apt I expected the disk to be ...
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1answer
51 views

How to change automatically installed package to intentionally intalled?

I'm using Debian Jessie. I'm installing some software Z from source. Installation instructions inform that it depends on Debian package X. I checked in aptitude and I have this package installed, but ...
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2answers
340 views

How to clone an apt repository to keep all old packages?

This may sound trivial, but I haven't found a solution anywhere yet. Is there a way to backup or clone an apt repository such that I get a clone that (1) contains all current packages and (2) keeps ...
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Automatically update GCC to a later release without upgrading distribution

My understanding is that C++11 support in G++ 4.7.2 wasn't great (it gives me a warning everytime I try to compile my C++ code, presumably there are good reasons for these warnings), so thought I ...
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apt-get: hash sum mismatch

Running "sudo apt-get update" results in: W: Failed to fetch gzip:/var/lib/apt/lists/partial/security.ubuntu.com_ubuntu_dists_saucy-security_main_binary-i386_Packages Hash Sum mismatch W: ...
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115 views

Why do I need to add a GPG-key with apt-key before adding URL to sources.list and download-installing an application with apt-get?

I went on to download an application today. It had it's instructions listed, step by step, number one being: adding a GPG-key with apt-key. It was followed by adding the application to apt/sources and ...
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889 views

How to custom build debian's busybox?

I'm building an embedded system based on debian 7, and I'd like to make the most out of busybox that comes with debian. The problem is default busybox build in debian seems quite minimal, for example ...
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How to make apt recognize an installed tar package?

I've installed Oracle Java. I want to be able to remove OpenJDK, but when trying to do so apt wants to install another version of Java. How can I configure apt so that it knows I already have a ...
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1answer
4k views

Are Ubuntu PPA Repositories usable on Debian wheezy?

I'm using Debian wheezy and i wonder are Ubuntu PPAs hosted at Launchpad safe to be added & used on Debian?
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How to install Cherokee web server on Debian Wheezy?

I'm trying to install Cherokee webserver on Debian Wheezy. All the docs and websites that I've visited suggest that apt-get install cherokee will do it, but when I do that, I see: $ apt-get install ...
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285 views

When I am in VirtualEnv and do apt-get install, is there any difference?

If I have a virtualenv activated when I do something like sudo apt-get install python2.7-dev should I expect different results than if I did it outside the virtual env? Limited theory says no, ...
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1answer
2k views

How to enable an federated storage engine in the Debian MySQL package?

How would I enable an extra (in this case FEDERATED) storage engine in the mysql-server-5.1 package from Debian? I've installed mysql-server-5.1 via apt-get. But the SHOW ENGINES shows that federated ...
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592 views

Install downloaded packages with dependencies

I sometimes download .deb packages from the internet and install them with dpkg -i package.deb If the packages have unmet dependencies. How can I install the dependencies automatically (similar to ...
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131 views

Link a dependency in Synaptic to the one already installed from source

I want to install SVN version of Quantum GIS and already I have a SVN version of GRASS GIS. As instructed in QGIS Wiki here, I added the qgis repository to my sources.list file. Now I am able to see ...
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1answer
266 views

How to control the list of locales which are generated by APT?

Each time I install or operate in other means l10n-related packages, the APT system "rebuilds" a lot of English locales, which takes considerable time. Look at the APT log: Configuring ...
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1answer
83 views

Get kernel source: apt-get install vs apt-get source

I'm looking forward to download a Linux Kernel to get to know how to modify it and how to compile it. I am using Debian distribution and I'm interested in the Debian-modified Linux Kernel rather than ...
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1answer
133 views

Get apt's key ids and fingerprints in machine-readable format

I'm trying to patch an issue in puppetlabs-apt to enable the use of key fingerprints as identifiers to ensure that a certain key is present by its 40-digit key fingerprint. I'm having difficulty ...
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1answer
62 views

Restore original configuration for every package in system

I have been running a rolling release distro for a couple of years now and switched from LXDE to GNOME to KDE over the years. As you can imagine over the time a lot of configuration files have been ...
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1answer
98 views

Why “backporting process does not consider upstream releases”?

From http://opensourcehacker.com/2013/03/20/how-to-backport-packages-on-ubuntu-linux/ backportpackage will download the latest version of the package from Ubuntu archives. The latest ...
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apt-get build-dep is unable to find a source package

I have already followed this guide to disable middle mouse button paste on my Ubuntu 12.04. Works like a charm. Now I am trying to achieve the same on my Linux Mint 17. When I try to sudo apt-get ...
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128 views

How to find files that are not owned by any package?

In my system I have files that not belong to any package, they are mine or from compiled programs installed with make install. How can I find all files that do not belong to any package?
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Get package version of file

I've deleted a file in /etc provided by package packageA. Is there a way that I can reinstall only that file, provided I know where it is and which package provides it? I'm running Ubuntu 12.04 and ...
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apt-get shows important packages as “no longer required”

I recently installed Kali Linux in my system. It came with a preinstalled Iceweasel. However, instead of Iceweasel I wanted to install firefox so I followed this guide and installed firefox ...
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1answer
1k views

Unmet dependencies after using a backports repository

I have added a backport repository to apt's sources.list to get an application: deb http://ftp.uk.debian.org/debian/ wheezy-backports main Long story short: I did not manage to install the ...
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1answer
41 views

Flag a package as being configured on Debian even if it's not

For various reasons, I have a package on my Debian system which cannot configure itself properly. I know why and I don't want to correct the problem right now. However, I want to avoid apt trying to ...
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1answer
682 views

Machine readable number of updates? Alternative to /usr/lib/update-notifier/apt-check?

/usr/lib/update-notifier/apt-check (from update-notifier-common package) was a fine tool. But it's going to be removed from Debian. /usr/lib/update-notifier/apt-check --human-readable 28 packages can ...
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Naming conventions / translation between dpkg and apt packages?

I've been trying to figure out package management in debian a little better. I figured out that you can list all the packages on your system by using the "apt-cache pkgnames" command: ...
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726 views

Can I upgrade to a newer Ubuntu version on a Ubuntu-based distribution?

I'm currently running elementary OS Luna, which is based on Ubuntu 12.04. Can I upgrade my installation to have a Ubuntu 13.04 base, but still use elementary OS's desktop environment and applications? ...
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Meaning of the extra apt-get options in early APT history

Following is the first few entries in /var/log/apt/history.log from a fresh installation of Debian 7.0: Start-Date: 2013-05-09 20:02:18 Commandline: apt-get -o APT::Status-Fd=4 -o APT::Keep-Fds::=5 ...
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462 views

How do I remove persistent config data from APT?

When I remove packages from my system with APT-based programs, they often leave behind some kind of residue (referred to as "residual config") that seems to serve no purpose other than annoying me. ...
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677 views

Automatic Update Script using Cron, Exit Codes, and Logging

I'm managing multiple machines running Debian, Raspian, and Mint. On some of the machines I want to have updating and upgrading automatically. I've drafted a script that I want to do this and log if ...