An alias is essentially nothing more than a keyboard shortcut, an abbreviation, a means of avoiding typing a long command sequence. This can save a great deal of typing at the command-line and avoid having to remember complex combinations of commands and options.

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32
votes
3answers
12k views

How to pass parameters to an alias?

For bash script, I can use "$@" to access arguments. What's the equivalent when I use an alias?
242
votes
14answers
31k views

In Bash, when to alias, when to script, and when to write a function?

It's taken me almost 10 years of Linux usage to ask this question. It was all trial and error and random late-night internet surfing. But people shouldn't need 10 years for this. If I were just ...
49
votes
5answers
10k views

How to use `which` on an aliased command?

Like most users, I have a bunch of aliases set up to give a default set of flags for frequently used programs. For instance, alias vim='vim -X' alias grep='grep -E' alias ls='ls -G' The problem is ...
86
votes
30answers
25k views

Quick directory navigation in the terminal

I would like to frequently switch between directories that are in totally unrelated paths, for example /Project/Warnest/docs/ and ~/Dropbox/Projects/ds/test/. But I don't want to type cd ...
147
votes
17answers
82k views

How to have tail -f show colored output

I'd like to be able to tail the output of a server log file that has messages like: INFO SEVERE etc, and if it's SEVERE, show the line in red; if it's INFO, in green. What kind of alias can I ...
34
votes
5answers
10k views

How can I `alias sudo !!`?

I'm trying to set an alias for sudo !! in Bash. I tried alias sbb='sudo !!', but it interprets that as a literal !! and prints sudo: !!: command not found If I use double quotes, it substitutes ...
27
votes
1answer
6k views

How do I get bash completion for command aliases?

I am looking to get tab-completion on my command line aliases, for example, say I defined the following alias : alias apt-inst='sudo aptitude install' Is there a way to get the completions ...
9
votes
4answers
1k views

Forcing an 'added' alias to every command

Is it possible to forcibly add a timing alias (for lack of a better way to phrase it) to every command in bash? For example, I would like to have a specific user who whenever a command is run, it is ...
3
votes
1answer
3k views

Is it possible to use a parameter within an alias command [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: How to pass parameters to an alias? As answered in Can less retain colored output? I want to use git diff --color=always filename | less -r to get a colored output of my ...
91
votes
6answers
8k views

Run a command that is shadowed by an alias

Let's say i have the following alias in bash - alias ls='ls --color=auto' - and i want to call ordinary ls without options. Is the only way to do that is to unalias, do the command and then alias ...
89
votes
5answers
66k views

Why doesn't my Bash script recognize aliases?

In my ~/.bashrc file reside two definitions: commandA, which is an alias to a longer path commandB, which is an alias to a Bash script I want to process the same file with these two commands, so I ...
23
votes
1answer
4k views

Aliases vs functions vs scripts

This site says, "Shell functions are faster [than aliases]. Aliases are looked up after functions and thus resolving is slower. While aliases are easier to understand, shell functions are preferred ...
5
votes
3answers
2k views

Why does sudo ignore aliases?

I am running Ubuntu 10.04 and I use upstart for daemon management. My enterprise application is run as a daemon and must be run as root because of various privileges. E.g.: sudo start ...
11
votes
2answers
2k views

How to document my custom bash functions and aliases?

Problem: I have multiple bash functions and aliases. I can't remember all of them off the top of my head, so I usually end up opening my .bash_functions and .bash_aliases files to find what I need. ...
22
votes
5answers
8k views

How can I create an alias for a git [action] command (which includes spaces)?

Most of my my aliases are of this form: alias p='pwd' I want to alias git commit so that it does git commit -v But trying to create an alias with a space gives an error: $ alias 'git commit'='git ...
12
votes
3answers
5k views

How do I temporarily bypass an alias in tcsh?

I am using tcsh. bash and zsh and other suggestions won't help here. I have several aliases that are named the same thing as another command, so if I did unalias it, typing the same thing would now ...
19
votes
4answers
8k views

How can I find a rogue alias declaration?

I'm trying to find where a specific alias has been declared. I've searched all the usual places I know to look for aliases: ~/.bashrc ~/.bash_profile /etc/bashrc /etc/profile With no luck. I know ...
14
votes
3answers
9k views

l, ls & la — what are the differences, and are there more of these commands?

So, through typing several commands I've found that there's not only ls, but l and la too. There doesn't appear to be any man entries on Ubuntu 12.14. They all appear to do similar things with minor ...
4
votes
4answers
1k views

What are commands to find shell keywords, built in functions and user defined functions?

I was discussing with my friend on how the commands are parsed in the shell, and he told me that bash searches the command in following order List of aliases List of shell keywords List of ...
2
votes
1answer
200 views

Getting sudo to work for an alias

I installed Sublime Text 3 in Fedora 20 which has got GNOME, as I couldn't get it being called from terminal I created a .bash_aliases file which a line like this: alias sublime='sublime_text' And ...
10
votes
3answers
320 views

How to extend bash aliases

How to create an alias that actually extends another alias of the same name in Bash? Why: I used to have GREP_OPTIONS set on .bashrc to something like this: GREP_OPTIONS="-I --exclude=\*~" I also ...
5
votes
1answer
122 views

How can I create an alias that passes additional arguments?

I have an executable that I use often: /dir1/dir2/dir3/dir4/executable argv[1] argv[2] argv[3] I know that I can set an alias for the executable: alias myexecutable = ...
3
votes
1answer
99 views

How to create an alias for two Git commands that use a parameter? [duplicate]

I regularly have to delete a local and remote Git branch. Therefore, I run the following commands: $ git branch -d feature-branch $ git push --delete origin feature-branch Since I mostly execute ...
3
votes
3answers
2k views

How to create a short path?

We have so many useful folders, which are in different path, for our working in Linux. For example : $ cd ~/Documents/Courses/EDX/physics2013/ $ cd ~/Documents/Company/OpenGL/Proj/... $ cd ...
3
votes
1answer
2k views

creating abbreviations for commonly used paths

I am new to linux and was wondering whether it is possible to create abbreviations that can be used in terminal. I know about alias command, but am not sure whether that can be used for what I am ...
19
votes
6answers
1k views

Why is aliasing over standard commands not recommended?

For example, a common alias I've seen in the ~/.bashrc file (or equivalents) is alias rm='rm -i' However, I've seen people recommend against this because the alias might not exist on another ...
3
votes
1answer
803 views

Resolve nested aliases to their source commands

I've made several aliases for my convenience.But now I need to be helpful by sending a useful command and it is full of aliases.I've tried doing type u but all it returns is up && ap upgrade ...
3
votes
2answers
542 views

Are there any utilities to quickly add, list and remove command aliases?

I'd like to be able to quickly, on-the-fly add (and list/remove) command aliases so that they persist between shell restarts (as if they were added to .bashrc). Are there any ready ...
25
votes
3answers
5k views

aliasing cd to pushd - is it a good idea?

Is it a good idea to use the following alias: cd() { pushd $1; } in bash? I think this would be very useful, since I can then use a series of popds instead of just a cd - once. Is there any ...
22
votes
6answers
23k views

Show only hidden files (dot files) in ls alias

I'm using the command ls -a | grep '^\.' for showing only the hidden files. I added the line alias hidden='ls -a | grep '^\.'' # show only hidden files to .bash_aliases file but this does not ...
19
votes
1answer
823 views

Grep alias - line numbers unless it's in a pipeline

I want to create a bash alias for grep that adds line numbers: alias grep='grep -n' But that, of course, adds line numbers to pipelines as well. Most of the time (and no exceptions come to mind) I ...
8
votes
3answers
2k views

Resolve all aliases in a zsh command line

I have nested aliases and I want to resolve all of them before executing the command. How do I do that? If there is a function that is not bound to any keys then M-x foobar is fine for me too. I ...
7
votes
5answers
702 views

Have xargs use alias instead of binary

Bash 4.2 on CentOS 6.5: In my ~/.bash_profile I have a bunch of aliases, including: alias grep='grep -n --color=always' so that I can get color highlighting and print line numbers automatically ...
4
votes
1answer
1k views

how to find file defining an alias

I am having a problem I'm not sure how to get around. Somehwhere on my system, I have an alias defined as such: alias subl=\''/Applications/Sublime Text 2.app/Contents/SharedSupport/bin/subl'\' I ...
3
votes
1answer
189 views

parametric aliases in csh to add export command

I'm trying to find a way to translate functions to csh/tcsh aliases, since they lack functions but have parametric aliases. As a first step I'm trying to create an export command. Here's what I've ...
12
votes
2answers
4k views

watch command alias expansion

If a run the watch command containing an alias, it will not expand the alias. I have tried both with single quote and double quotes, in fact given the following alias: # alias ll alias ll='ls -l ...
7
votes
4answers
8k views

How to set an alias for a specific file or directory?

There are several files I work with often. For instance some configuration files or log files. Let's say the Apache log file. I often want to tail or grep it. Instead of writing: tail -50 ...
4
votes
3answers
1k views

-bash: unalias: ls: not found

I am trying to install tomcat 8 on centos 7. I am using the terminal as root. When I type in source ~/.bashrc, the terminal gives back the following error: -bash: unalias: ls: not found. How can ...
3
votes
2answers
4k views

how to change `rm` to as a command like `mv ~/ .trash` [duplicate]

I like to use rm but I often made mistakes so that I remove something mistakenly so I want to make somthing like mv .trash so that rm file is equal to mv file ~/.trash besides, I also ...
1
vote
1answer
654 views

How do I set Keyboard and profile preferences when connecting to Solaris via SSH?

I'm connecting to a Solaris box from Mac OS X. Whenever I have connected to linux boxes in the past it has been much easier to navigate around. How do I fix these configuration issues on Solaris? ...
1
vote
2answers
595 views

Simple command that switches between two host files

I am using /etc/host to map localhost to a web domain. I would like a fast way of doing this rather than searching and replacing every time. I put this in my .bashrc file. alias hostchange=' ...
0
votes
0answers
68 views

!-2 not found when using alias [duplicate]

I'm lazy, so I like to make a LOT of aliases for some of my most common shell commands. I use the command sudo !! quite a bit to tack on sudo for root access, but when I use the following in my ...
9
votes
2answers
189 views

New alias not available after ;

Up to now I thought that a semicolon in the shell has (somehow) the same meaning as a line break. So I was surprised that for alias <name>=<replacement text>; <name> <name> ...
8
votes
5answers
287 views

How can I “stack” shell aliases?

In my .profile (sourced in sh emulation mode from my .zshrc) I have the following snippet: if [ -f /usr/bin/pacmatic ]; then alias pacman=pacmatic fi # Colorized Pacman output alias ...
8
votes
2answers
5k views

cp -f cannot overwrite cp -i alias

In my /home/user/.bashrc file, I have those aliases to prevent mistakes: alias rm='rm -i' alias cp='cp -i' alias mv='mv -i' If I'm really sure of what I'm doing, I can overwrite rm and mv aliases ...
8
votes
1answer
3k views

How can I alias to `!!` (last command)?

!! in bash runs last command. I find it too difficult to type given how much I use it. alias to the rescue, I presumed. Or not. I tried: $ alias dl='!!' # Aliasing $ echo Testing123 ...
6
votes
4answers
5k views

Command line shortcuts for changing directory [duplicate]

I'm looking for an easy way to navigate to directories spanning multiple hard drives and want to set something equivalent to a shortcut within the terminal. In Windows I would accomplish this with ...
6
votes
2answers
300 views

Aliases interpretation

I have a few aliases in .bash_aliases. I defined c alias as follows, but it does not work as it should: ... alias cd='cd; ls -r --time=atime' alias c='cd' ... In .bashrc there is a line: alias ...
5
votes
2answers
594 views

Why does !! inside an alias not work?

I have this alias set in my system /etc/bashrc file: alias root="sudo !!" The intention of this being to run the last used command using sudo of course. When used, it of course appears to ...
4
votes
1answer
166 views

Load aliases from .bashrc file while using sudo

I have set aliases for a few programs in the .bashrc file, and they work fine without sudo and they don't with sudo. Is there a way to get those aliases work with sudo? For example: nano text.txt ...