ACL stands for access control list. ACLs extend permissions on files beyond the traditional user-group-others triple.

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Make all new files in a directory accessible to a group

Suppose I have two users A and B and a group G and a folder foo, both users are members of G (using linux and ext3). If I save as user A a file under foo, the permissions are: -rw-r--r-- A A. ...
16
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4answers
44k views

How to determine if NFS mount is mounted as v3 or v4?

Red Hat 5/6 when I do mount it says type nfs, I would like to know how to determine version if it isn't listed in mount options or fstab. Please don't say remount it with the version option, I want ...
16
votes
7answers
13k views

What to use to backup files, preserving ACLs?

When using the tar utility to store files in backups one loses the extended ACLs. Is there some commonly used and not hackish solution (like: create a script that will recrate the ACLs from scratch) ...
12
votes
1answer
2k views

How are ACL permissions processed and in what order do they apply to a given user action?

CentOS 6.4 I'm trying to better understand how filesystem ACL rules are processed and in what order ACL rules apply. For example, let's say users bob and joe belong to a group called sales. Let's ...
11
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3answers
4k views

What roles do DAC (file permissions), ACL and MAC (SELinux) play in Linux file security?

I need some clarification/confirmation/elaboration on the different roles DAC, ACL and MAC play in Linux file security. After some research from the documentation, this is my understanding of the ...
11
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3answers
1k views

Is there a Linux deep diff tool that also compares file attributes?

Is there a Linux tool like diff that will recursively compare files and directories, but with the addition of also comparing: extended attributes, acl's, se contexts?
9
votes
1answer
796 views

Using ACLs over read only/remote filesystem

I would like to define local ACLs to be used over a remotely mounted filesystem. The filesystem is mounted via autofs and sshfs FUSE. The idea is that we could setup a jailed user on a jump server ...
8
votes
3answers
25k views

How do I set permissions recursively on a dir (with ACL enabled)?

For example, I want to give my colleagues write access to certain directory. Let's assume that subdirectories in it had access rights 775, files 664, and also there were some executable files in the ...
7
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1answer
10k views

setfacl: Are these two commands the same?

I have a deployment script (based on capifony) that sets te permissions on specific servers for a Symfony2 installation. It contains the following two commands to do this for several directories: ...
6
votes
2answers
1k views

Allow owner to create & read files, but not modify or delete

I would like to give a user permissions to create and read files in a particular directory, but not to modify or delete files. If the user can append to files that is ok, but I'd rather not. This is ...
6
votes
1answer
7k views

How does umask affect ACLs?

Can someone explain to me how umask affects the default mask of newly created files if ACLs are activated? Is there some documentation about this? Example: $ mkdir test_dir && cd test_dir $ ...
6
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1answer
2k views

What relationships do tie ACL mask and standard group permission on a file?

At first I create a file and check it's standard permissions and ACL entries: $ touch file; ls -l file; getfacl file -rw-r--r-- 1 user user 0 Jul 30 16:26 file # file: file # owner: user # group: ...
6
votes
2answers
11k views

Using setfacl to allow group members to write to any file in a directory

I'd like to use setfacl so that anyone in group 'app' can edit any file contained within /usr/local/users/app regardless of what the traditional UNIX permissions say. I have two users john and ben. I ...
6
votes
1answer
3k views

How do I edit a file and preserve its access control list / SELinux security context?

I'm on CentOS 6.2, and have a file with the alternate access method character displayed as a dot. ls -l myfile -rwxr-x---. 1 me mygroup 172 Aug 13 10:03 myfile ^ This dot. ...
5
votes
3answers
2k views

Precedence of user and group owner in file permissions

I just ran into something unexpected (for me) regarding file permissions on Linux (Arch Linux). Basically I have: userX in groupX fileX userX:groupX ---rwx---- What puzzles me: I cannot perform ...
5
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1answer
172 views

Equivalent of subinacl.exe on linux / unix?

When modifying permissions on Windows I backup the ACLs to a file first using a commands like: subinacl /noverbose /output=C:\temp\foldername_redir_permissions_backup_star_star.txt /subdirectories "...
5
votes
2answers
2k views

Back up and restore file permissions

Is there a way to back up and restore file ownership and permissions (the things that can be changed with chown and chmod)? You can do this in Windows using icacls. What about access control lists?
5
votes
1answer
675 views

Using ACL with Multiple Default Groups

I have looked though the answers to similar questions and refreshed my memory on ACLs by reading tutorials on Linux ACLs. Yet, I am still stumped. What have I done wrong, or what do I not understand? ...
5
votes
1answer
557 views

ACL mask does not work as expected

If I copy a file with a base ACL of: u::rw-,g::r--,o::r-- into a directory with a default ACL of: u::rwx,g::r-x,g:users:rwx,m::rwx,o::r-x I obtain a file with mask of m::r--. I would have ...
5
votes
1answer
275 views

Can not explain ACL behavior

So this is situation: got server for web-developers. There are many developers. All developers + PHP + Apache belongs to www group. There is a development directory - development. The goal is that ...
5
votes
1answer
122 views

Setting group permission on directory

I'm looking for the best way to give a group permission to view any files in /var/log, but only using cat or tail. My best guess right now is that I need to use ACL's: setfacl -mR default:g:group:4 /...
5
votes
1answer
4k views

Using setfacl to create recursive permissions for Apache with rsync

I have a Dokuwiki installation locally, which I regularly sync to my server with rsync. I'm also going to give a friend of mine an ssh account, and host his public Dokuwiki installation. However, I'm ...
5
votes
2answers
745 views

Mercurial (hg) not respecting default ACL settings

I'm trying to set fine grained access control to various mercurial repositories using ACL. When I push changes to repository any new files created under /myrepo/.hg/store/data do not have default ...
5
votes
0answers
55 views

group member unable to write to a group-writable file with reiserfs and extended ACLs

Users vi and rust share group rust and want to use some file in shared manner. rust$ ls -l myfile -rw-rw-r-- 1 vi rust 0 May 30 03:48 myfile rust$ stat myfile | grep Gid Access: (0664/-rw-rw-r--) ...
5
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1answer
141 views

Why does default setfacl fail for nested directories?

I am using sftp with the internal-sftp for debian. What I'm trying to acomplish is to jail all users to a specific folder which is working fine. I also need to have a single user that has "admin" ...
4
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3answers
2k views

Where is ACL data technically stored?

I'm studying ACLs and am confused on where this information technically resides. Is this just technically just meta data from inodes?
4
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2answers
388 views

Unix/Linux equivalent of Windows' Bypass Traverse Checking

Windows has a privilege called "Bypass Traverse Checking" (also known as SeChangeNotifyPrivilege). It allows the system to bypass ACL checks in parent objects so a user can [potentially] access a ...
4
votes
1answer
4k views

ACL, ls, “permission denied” and a lot of questionmarks

I have two users, Alice and Bob. Bob should be allowed to list, ls, Alice's home directory. Alice also has a file in her home directory that Bob should also be allowed to read. I run these commands ...
4
votes
2answers
2k views

How do I create a hierarchy of UNIX groups as below?

I need to create a hierarchy of UNIX groups. Something like below: A |\ | \ B c |\ D e |\ f g ...where A, B and D are UNIX groups and c,e,f and g are UNIX accounts that are members of those ...
4
votes
1answer
619 views

Can ACLs override file perms on Linux?

I struggled with this problem on FreeBSD recently, but thank God for ZFS which solved it for me there. However I have it again in CentOS with ext4 and don't know if there is an easy way around it (or ...
4
votes
2answers
439 views

Permissions by path instead of file mode bits

I often find that the unix way of handling file permissions is powerful, particularly when combined with ACLs, but rather difficult to handle. Setting file modes, group ownership and extended ...
4
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2answers
1k views

setfacl incorrectly changes group permissions

To backup the "/home" directory tree of a server, I've created a 'backup' account and used setfacl to make the whole directory readable by it. My cron job runs this command as root each night: ...
4
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1answer
2k views

copying device nodes

I'm trying to transfer a working Linux installation to a new larger disk, so I've attached the new disk on a USB port, partitioned it and created filesystems. While copying all the files over I hit a ...
4
votes
2answers
59 views

Is it possible to create a “negative” ACL?

Is it possible to create an ACL to deny access to a specific user (say jdoe) to a specific file? I'm not interested in the trivial solution of an ACL that gives access to the file to all users except ...
4
votes
0answers
36 views

Git with multiple users on other systems using setfacl?

I'm setting up a git environment where multiple developers will work with per project. We have 1 server running git, and 2 seperate servers, 1 live and 1 dev. on dev I created a group and added the ...
4
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0answers
254 views

Does Samba 4 actually respect Unix file acls?

After researching the subject on the internet I drew a conclusion that Samba should take into account Unix file acls. During my tests I found the opposite. Only Unix file mode bits are respected, and ...
4
votes
1answer
126 views

OSX/Darwin ACL Format

In OS X, if you want to view the ACL information on a file, you can do so with the -e option of `ls. $ ls -lde app/cache drwxrwxr-x+ 7 alanstorm staff 238 Apr 1 10:02 app/cache 0: user:alanstorm ...
3
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4answers
8k views

Howto set access control lists ACLs in OpenLDAP

I'm using the Debian Squeeze OpenLDAP. Where can I set ACLs? Isn't it possible to execute the access to directives with ldapmodify? There's no slapd.conf file in Debian, they use a slapd.d folder
3
votes
1answer
5k views

ACL is NOT enabled but it's working [duplicate]

How this is possible? ACL is not enabled in /etc/fstab, and I can verify it via manually opening fstab or running sudo mount | grep -i acl. But getfacl & setfacl Commands would work without any ...
3
votes
2answers
132 views

facl ignoring the “x” permission but only on files

When I use setfacl to manage on what permissions should the children files / directories have, for some reason the files have all the permissions except the execute ("x") one. someuser@someuser-MS-...
3
votes
3answers
11k views

Setting default username and group for files in directory

Using this helpful post I am able to set a default group and file permissions in a folder. I'm having trouble setting a default owner (teamlead uid 1234). setfacl -d -m g::rwx /my/test/folder ...
3
votes
2answers
1k views

Giving www-data permision to Dropbox subfolder?

I want to give my website the permission to read files & folders from a Dropbox subfolder. I think I have added the correct permissions, but I can't get the www-data user to get access to the ...
3
votes
2answers
68 views

setgid sticky bit not working

I have yet another frustrating problem. I have a group of users belonging to the "testing" group. I have a folder located at /var/log/projects with the setgid bit set. This is so any new files or ...
3
votes
2answers
257 views

SFTP clients uploading files with too restrictive rights

I have the following setup: Ubuntu 14.4 server offering SFTP service in a front-end area. External clients have the ability to upload files. A back-end process (on another server) tracks uploaded ...
3
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3answers
997 views

How do I know ACLs are supported on my file system?

Is it enough to see getfacl giving no error, or do I have to check some other place to see whether or not ACLs are supported by the file systems?
3
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1answer
1k views

How to find files/directories with specific ACL

How to do something like find . -acl u:jim:rx find . -acl u:*:r find . -noacl u:jim:r etc. I know that the find command does not support this but, you have the idea. Are there any scripts, even ...
3
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1answer
1k views

Why does getfacl remove the leading / from absolute pathnames?

I'm in the midst of learning about ACL's for Centos/Red Hat 6 and when I run getfacl using an absolute path I of course get among the output: getfacl: Removing leading '/' from absolute path names ...
3
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2answers
389 views

Why don't I have read access to files with modified ACL?

My aim is to allow read access to folder /var/www/mysite/ only for users in group www-data using a default ACL. This works for a regular ACL, but not for a default ACL. Why? This is how I did it: I ...
3
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3answers
974 views

'setfacl' permissions don't apply to directories created by git clone?

Here's how I am setting permissions for my website's root directory i.e. ~/public_html, where the files that my website serves are placed: sudo chgrp -R www-data ~/public_html chmod g+s ~/public_html ...
3
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1answer
134 views

Are there more advanced filesystem ACLs beyond traditional 'rwx' and POSIX ACL?

Are there any simple and integrated (i.e. embedded into filesystem) ACL patches for Linux kernel exist at all? The problem is simple: I need something more flexible and advanced beyond classic 'rwx' ...