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I want to search a word from my current cursor position in vim to upward in file.

How to achieve this?

Also how to do same for downward in file.

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You hit the '/' or the '?' keys to look forwards and backwards, respectively. – uprego Sep 3 '13 at 10:53
The :set hlsearch and :set incsearch commands might be of interest to you. – evilsoup Sep 3 '13 at 15:22
up vote 9 down vote accepted

To search in reverse from your cursor for a word, just use ?. So to find the word "fred" you would issue ?fred.

For forward searching you use /, using "fred" as an example again you would issue /fred.

If you want to continue searching for the same term, in the same direction you can use the n command. (Or you can issue ? or / without arguments).

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Typing ?search text in command mode searches backward from point while /search text searches forward.

Typing n goes to the next instance of the search text in the direction you were last searching and typing N looks in the opposite direction of your last search.

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Heh snap msw, we said almost the same things! :) – Drav Sloan Sep 3 '13 at 10:56
Yeah, but I upvoted you first :p – msw Sep 3 '13 at 10:57
I'm just too slow, it must be my age... – Drav Sloan Sep 3 '13 at 10:59

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