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I've installed Oracle Java. I want to be able to remove OpenJDK, but when trying to do so apt wants to install another version of Java.

How can I configure apt so that it knows I already have a third-party Java installed so I can remove these OpenJDK packages?

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up vote 4 down vote accepted

Create a dummy package using equivs. In a nutshell:

  1. Create a control file for the dummy package. The program equiv-controls creates a template. Give it a file name.

    equivs-control oracle-jre.control
  2. Edit the control file. At least set the Package: line to sun-java6-jre (the name of the defunct Sun/Oracle Java package). You should also write a meaningful Description:, set the section to java. Declare that the package Provides: java-6-runtime and other versions (this is the virtual package that other programs depend on, can find this out by checking what openjdk-6-jre provides and what various programs require). The file might look like this:

    Section: java
    Priority: optional
    Standards-version: 3.9.2
    Package: sun-6-jre
    Provides: java6-runtime, java-runtime
    Description: dummy package when Oracle Java is installed
  3. Create a Debian package with the control file you created. This package is only there for the dependencies and installs no file.

    equivs-build oracle-jre.control
  4. Install the resulting deb package.

    sudo dpkg -i sun-6-jre_1.0_all.deb
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How are updates of the old package (sun-6-jre) handled when running apt-get upgrade? Ignored? (ps: your first link is broken) – assylias Jan 16 at 22:31
@assylias Updates are handled normally: apt will install the most recent version of the package by that name, if there is one. You'd normally craft a package manually because it doesn't exist in the distribution. – Gilles Jan 16 at 23:35

I do not believe there is a method for doing this. In lieu of using a PPA repository that provides you with .deb packages of Java, you could give this script a try which will roll you're own .deb packages of the Java installation.

This script is called OAB-Java, specifically oab-java.sh.


Downloading the script:

cd ~/
wget https://github.com/flexiondotorg/oab-java6/raw/0.2.8/oab-java.sh -O oab-java.sh
chmod +x oab-java.sh
sudo ./oab-java.sh

The script takes the following switches:

  • -7 : Build oracle-java7 packages instead of sun-java6
  • -c : Remove pre-existing packages from /var/local/oab/deb and sources from /var/local/oab/src.
  • -k : Use the specified existing key instead of generating one
  • -s : Skip building if the packages already exist
  • -t : Specify the Java version tag to use from the upstream Debian packaging script.
  • -h : This help

To prepare & install the Oracle 6 .deb files:

$ sudo ./oab-java.sh
$ sudo apt-get install sun-java6-jre

To prepare & install the Oracle 7 .deb files:

$ sudo ./oab-java.sh -7
$ sudo apt-get install oracle-java7-jre
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