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I followed these steps from the link: (http://www.howopensource.com/2011/08/how-to-compile-and-install-linux-kernel-3-0-in-ubuntu-11-04-10-10-and-10-04/) but these commands don't work:

sudo make modules_install install
sudo make
sudo make oldconfig
sudo make menuconfig

Error message

   ss of error

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1  
What error messages did you get? –  slm Jun 18 '13 at 8:18
    
the error massage postimg.org/image/wpbsuxowl –  user41361 Jun 18 '13 at 8:27
2  
Rather than both images and links you should copy and paste the text in your terminal into the post for future search possibilities. –  l0b0 Jun 18 '13 at 9:09
    
By the way, you don't need sudo if you are logged in as root. I also respectfully submit that if you don't know what's wrong and how to fix it when you get make: command not found you really have no business compiling your own kernel. –  terdon Jun 18 '13 at 11:32

3 Answers 3

You're missing at least some of the development tools required to build the kernel. If you do

apt-get install make gcc

that will get you going. There might be more packages required, but you certainly won't be able to build the kernel without those two.

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5  
Installing the build-essential package is also be a good idea and for running menuconfig you need libncurses5-dev, too. –  scai Jun 18 '13 at 8:32
    
Ach I knew I forgot something obvious -- thanks :) –  Flup Jun 18 '13 at 8:32

You're missing the build tools to compile applications. You'll need to install the packages that provide the tools make, gcc, etc.

$ sudo apt-get install make gcc
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make doesn't depend on gcc so this will not be enough. –  scai Jun 18 '13 at 8:34
    
I know but he's most likely going to need more than make and gcc so spoon feeding him those 2 packages doesn't solve his real problem anyway. He's likely just going to get tripped up by missing libraries etc. –  slm Jun 18 '13 at 8:42
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@scai - I've added it to the answer. –  slm Jun 18 '13 at 9:07

If you're going to do any compilation, install the build-essential package. This pulls in GCC, make and other basic development tools.

I recommend using kernels packaged for Debian. If you compile your own, you'll have to get the configuration right, and to install it properly. Getting the configuration right is difficult, as there are many options; you'll probably forget an essential component the first time, and it can be difficult to figure out what's missing. Furthermore Debian sets up its system with an initramfs; if you go with an initramfs, you'll have to regenerate it with the modules you've compiled, which Debian's setup scripts do automatically. If you don't use an initramfs, you'll have to make sure that all the necessary drivers are in the main kernel image and not in a module. You'll also need to make sure to register your new kernel with your bootloader correctly.

Debian provides the kernel-package program to build a kernel the Debian way. Use it. In addition to pulling in all the dependencies you were missing, it'll take care of packaging the kernel properly.

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