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I killed by mistake a dpkg process running in the background and I would like to reinstall all packages to be sure everything is allright.

First, I tried to get a list of all packages and reinstall them

dpkg --get-selections | grep -v deinstall | awk '{print $1}' > list.log
apt-get install --reinstall $(cat list.log)

But there are messages like :

E: Couldn't configure pre-depend debconf:i386 for console-setup:i386, probably a dependency cycle.

I tried apt-get -f install, without success.

As a last resort, I reinstalled all programs which failed the checksums :

dpkg -l | grep ^ii | awk '{ print $2 }' | xargs debsums -s -a

What should I do to reinstall everything ?

Edit : Problem solved. The issue was something else (see the comments). I understand it's something to avoid with Debian though.

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I recently had a crash while trying to install a package. When I rebooted and tried to reinstall that package, I received the message, "E: dpkg was interrupted, you must manually run 'dpkg --configure -a' to correct the problem.". Running that command removed said package and it configuration files. I was then able to install the package from scratch. Try giving that command a go. –  embedded.kyle Jun 12 '13 at 12:32
    
It didn't do anything, so I guess nothing is broken. I will try later to check if my driver issues are solved. –  alex_reader Jun 12 '13 at 13:01
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2 Answers

up vote 4 down vote accepted

Try this, remembering that I do not tested it and prepending sudo whn needed:

dpkg --get-selections > selections
dpkg --clear-selections
dpkg --set-selections < selections
apt-get --reinstall dselect-upgrade

Sources:

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My problem was completely different : I was not booting the correct kernel (!). I will accept your answer as it seems to do what I wanted (but untested also). –  alex_reader Jun 12 '13 at 17:44
    
This won't work, and will completely break the system. Line 3 will uninstall apt, so it won't be possible to reinstall everything, afterwards. –  rkjnsn Nov 4 '13 at 17:41
    
@rkjnsn: I updated the answer, check if it works. –  Lucas Malor Nov 6 '13 at 9:17
    
Trying to do this nothing is being reinstalled, although the selections file is populated: pi@prodpi ~ $ sudo apt-get --reinstall dselect-upgrade Reading package lists... Done Building dependency tree Reading state information... Done 0 upgraded, 0 newly installed, 0 to remove and 0 not upgraded. any idea? –  andig Jun 9 at 8:42
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When using RPM, in the event you cause a corruption in the package database, there is an option to rebuild this database, thus preventing you from having to go through basically a reinstall. As one user here pointed out this is done in Debian by dpkg --configure -a.

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