I'm trying to set up SNMP for a router so I can monitor it from an existing Nagios installation on an off-site server. I'm having trouble getting the router to respond to SNMP requests from the WAN, despite trying a few different iptables rules. The router is a new ASUS RT-AC66U, running AsusWRT 18.104.22.168.270.26 (Merlin build).
I was very recently and unfortunately forced to switch to Comcast as an ISP, and they say that they block port 161 and 162 across the network. In light of that, I'm trying to redirect 1610 to 161. I currently have port forwarding set up for my NAS, 1611->161, and SNMP works just fine there.
The first thing I tried was setting up a port forwarding rule from 1610->127.0.0.1:161 (UDP), which didn't seem to work:
[ssube@centos-server ~]$ snmpwalk -v 2c -c [name] [ip]:1610 Timeout: No Response from [ip]:1610 [ssube@centos-server ~]$ snmpwalk -v 2c -c [name] [ip]:1611 SNMPv2-MIB::sysDescr.0 = STRING: Linux Triton 22.214.171.124 #2668 Tue Dec 11 12:36:30 CST 2012 armv5tel SNMPv2-MIB::sysObjectID.0 = OID: NET-SNMP-MIB::netSnmpAgentOIDs.10
The NAS rule is working just fine, as you can see above. Removing the NAS rule and replacing 1610 with 1611 in all the router rules didn't seem to help. The error message (no response) has been consistent regardless of what I try.
My second attempt was to go through iptables itself. I set up the following rules:
boss@RT-AC66U:/jffs/scripts# cat firewall-start #!/bin/sh iptables -I INPUT 1 -p udp --dport 1610 -j ACCEPT boss@RT-AC66U:/jffs/scripts# cat nat-start #!/bin/sh iptables -t nat -A PREROUTING -p udp --dport 1610 -j REDIRECT --to-port 161
From within the LAN, I can see the router just fine:
ssube@KRAKEN /c/Program Files/ConEmu > snmpwalk -v 2c -c [name] 192.168.1.1:1610 SNMPv2-MIB::sysDescr.0 = STRING: Linux RT-AC66U 126.96.36.199 #1 Sun Mar 17 17:16:27 EDT 2013 mips SNMPv2-MIB::sysObjectID.0 = OID: NET-SNMP-MIB::netSnmpAgentOIDs.10
However, I still can't see it from outside of the LAN, with or without the INPUT chain rule. Both rules appear in iptables:
boss@RT-AC66U:/tmp/home/root# iptables -L Chain INPUT (policy ACCEPT) target prot opt source destination ..... ACCEPT udp -- anywhere anywhere udp dpt:1610
(listed before any DROP rules, after a few unrelated ACCEPTs)
boss@RT-AC66U:/jffs/scripts# iptables -t nat -L Chain PREROUTING (policy ACCEPT) target prot opt source destination VSERVER all -- anywhere [ip].comcast.net REDIRECT udp -- anywhere anywhere udp dpt:1610 redir ports 161
Still, no luck on external SNMP. I've tried tcpdump to see if the packets are making it in at all, but running tcpdump on the router seems to kick me off wifi within a few seconds, and I haven't had a chance to plug into the router and run it there yet (will edit with updates when I do).
The scripts seem to be working, since the rules appear. I suspect the issue is with the rules, but am having a hard time pinning it down, and have yet to get a response on the firmware message board.