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Let's say I have a bunch of photos, all with correct EXIF information, and the photos are randomly named (because of a problem I had). I have a little program called jhead which gives me the below output:

$ jhead IMG_9563.JPG

File name    : IMG_9563.JPG
File size    : 638908 bytes
File date    : 2011:02:03 20:25:09
Camera make  : Canon
Camera model : Canon PowerShot SX210 IS
Date/Time    : 2011:02:03 20:20:24
Resolution   : 1500 x 2000
Flash used   : Yes (manual)
Focal length :  5.0mm  (35mm equivalent: 29mm)
CCD width    : 6.17mm
Exposure time: 0.0080 s  (1/125)
Aperture     : f/3.1
Focus dist.  : 0.29m
ISO equiv.   : 125
Exposure bias: -1.67
Whitebalance : Manual
Light Source : Daylight
Metering Mode: pattern
Exposure Mode: Manual

Now I need to rename all the photos in the folder in the next format:


Where the minor number would be the older image, and the maximum the newer.

I'm not so good scripting, so I'm asking for help.

I think a bash script is enough, but if you feel more comfortable, you can write a python script.

I thought in something like:

$ mv IMG_9563.JPG `jhead IMG_9563.JPG | grep date`

but I don't know how to do that for all the files at once.

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I don't understand the minor/maximum sentence and the preceding example. Could you clarify this? –  maxschlepzig Feb 6 '11 at 22:47
That minor/maximum file names is one step up. Because, once I have the files named in a way they represent which is older and newer, I can easily rename to 001.jpg, 002.jpg, etc with another program, although it'd be better to do that with another script. –  Tomas Feb 6 '11 at 23:01
The "renaming table" would be ls *.JPG | wc > rename And then I'd have to use a script rename to XXX.JPG –  Tomas Feb 6 '11 at 23:03
Sory, is not wc, I forgot the one to order by name. –  Tomas Feb 6 '11 at 23:07
The command is sort. –  Tomas Feb 8 '11 at 1:06

3 Answers 3

up vote 5 down vote accepted

You can to it for all files using a for loop (in the shell/in a shell-script):

for i in *.JPG; do
  j=`jhead "$i" | grep date | sed 's/^File date[^:]\+: \(.\+\)$/\1/'`.jpg
  echo mv -i "$i" "$j"

This is just a very basic outline. Delete echo when you have verified that everything works as expected.

share|improve this answer
Thanks. Now, grep woudl give me File date : 2011:02:03 20:25:09. How can I filter only the second column? –  Tomas Feb 6 '11 at 22:27
So I only rename the file as 20:25:09 –  Tomas Feb 6 '11 at 22:36
@Tomas, updated the answer - if you really only want the time (what about collisions then?) you have to modify the regular expression, of course. –  maxschlepzig Feb 6 '11 at 22:45
j=`jhead "$i" | grep date | sed 's/.* //'`.jpg instead? –  frabjous Feb 6 '11 at 22:45
@maxshlepzig: Thanks, you missed a ' before ``.jpg` –  Tomas Feb 6 '11 at 22:50

Just found out here that jhead can do it all for you! :)

jhead -autorot -nf%Y-%m-%d_%H-%M-%S *.jpg
share|improve this answer
Yes! But be careful of that particular format-string, because it'll give two files taken in the same second the same name. %i (or %03i, specifically) will give a sequence number, as requested in the original question. Combining both might not be a bad idea. –  mattdm Mar 21 '11 at 17:21

If someone needs more complex rename, for example to include key exposure values into filename, here is my small script. It renames jpeg files to something like this: NightSky_2014.08.27_22.30.05_NX20_F2.8_f20.0mm_20s_ISO800.jpg.


for s in *.jpg *.JPG
 echo $s
 x=`jhead "$s" | \
 awk 'BEGIN { cmt=""; }
/Camera model/   { c=$4$5$6;} 
/Exposure time:/ { e=$3; 
                   if (e==int(e)) e=int(e); 
                   if (e<1) {e=int(0.5+1/e); e="1T" e "s";} else { e=e "s"; } 
/ISO equiv./     { iso="ISO" $4; } 
/Focal length/   { f="f" $4; } 
/Date.Time /     { d=$3 "_" $4; gsub(":",".",d); }
/Aperture /      { ap=$3; gsub("f/","F",ap); } 
/Comment  /      { cmt=$3 "_"; }
END { print cmt d "_" c "_" ap "_" f "_" e "_" iso ".jpg"; }'`

 echo mv $s $x
 mv $s $x
 echo =====
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