I have followed steps to install Linux Mint (as dual boot) on an HP Envy 14 ultrabook (1030us) as detailed by Raphink (on askubuntu "Dual boot Installation of Ubuntu 12.04 LTS on HP Ultrabook ENVY-4 1002TX") but am stuck! Since I found the information there I asked there but was told only official Ubuntu flavors were supported thus I am here.
I have gone through the installation procedure twice following all of Raphik's advice however my system will not boot into Linux Mint, or Win7, and all I see is a very primitive menu with a grub> prompt, not the grub menu which provides the option to start linux.
When I boot into Linux Mint from my usb thumb drive (by turning the machine on and pressing F9 periodically), I see the user space I created in the install process, but cannot open it.
I have the feeling I am missing something simple but I am not sure what it could be. The last bit of Raphink's instructions about making sure the bootloader is installed on /dev/sda is not exactly clear to me (since I am not sure exactly what the bootloader is or if I installed it in this process). Perhaps this is what I have done incorrectly. This is my intuition, but it is also what the tests below seem to indicate. So, here are the technical details for you.
When I use fdisk, my result:
mint@mint ~ $ sudo fdisk -l Disk /dev/sda: 500.1 GB, 500107862016 bytes 255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 60801 cylinders, total 976773168 sectors Units = sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 4096 bytes I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes Disk identifier: 0xf74225fc Device Boot Start End Blocks Id System /dev/sda1 * 2048 409599 203776 7 HPFS/NTFS/exFAT /dev/sda2 409600 469336063 234463232 7 HPFS/NTFS/exFAT /dev/sda3 469336064 976560127 253612032 5 Extended /dev/sda4 976560128 976771071 105472 c W95 FAT32 (LBA) /dev/sda5 469338112 516442111 23552000 7 HPFS/NTFS/exFAT /dev/sda6 516444160 526684159 5120000 82 Linux swap / Solaris /dev/sda7 526686208 976560127 224936960 83 Linux Disk /dev/sdb: 32.0 GB, 32017047552 bytes 255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 3892 cylinders, total 62533296 sectors Units = sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes Disk identifier: 0x8ddd6e47 Device Boot Start End Blocks Id System /dev/sdb1 2048 8386559 4192256 84 OS/2 hidden C: drive /dev/sdb2 8386560 62531583 27072512 83 Linux Disk /dev/sdc: 4007 MB, 4007624704 bytes 32 heads, 63 sectors/track, 3882 cylinders, total 7827392 sectors Units = sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes Disk identifier: 0x54d2138c Device Boot Start End Blocks Id System /dev/sdc1 * 63 7826111 3913024+ c W95 FAT32 (LBA)
I followed the advice by on (http://ubuntuforums.org/showthread.php?t=1014708) to make sure grub is installed to my Linux drive and received an error message:
mint@mint ~ $ sudo grub-install --root-directory=/media/sda7 /dev/sda grub-probe: error: failed to get canonical path of /cow. Probing devices to guess BIOS drives. This may take a long time. Installing GRUB to /dev/sda as (hd0)... Installation finished. No error reported. This is the contents of the device map /media/sda7/boot/grub/device.map. Check if this is correct or not. If any of the lines is incorrect, fix it and re-run the script `grub-install'. (fd0) /dev/fd0 (hd0) /dev/sda (hd1) /dev/sdb (hd2) /dev/sdc
So, it couldn't find the path of cow and according to the manpage that means caspar cannot find a persistent partition mount files ("casper-rw", "home-rw", "casper-sn*", "home-sn*" or /cow or /home), is that right? I do not know how to fix this issue.
In case this is caused by some EFI issue, I checked to make sure Mint was installed in EFI mode (per the ubuntu community UEFI help page). But if I am running from a thumbdrive which I think I am, the following command should not work, but only from Linux running from a harddrive install:
[ -d /sys/firmware/efi ] && echo "EFI boot on HDD" || echo "Legacy boot on HDD" EFI boot on HDD
And to confirm that my computer is set to actually boot in EFI mode see the first screen on that page, or a variant of it, giving me a tiny font menu of 4 choices one of which is Linux (one is Test Linux, the other two I don't remember).
Both of those tests ( the [ -d one and the boot screen one), seem to confirm I have installed in EFI mode, and the grub install thing seems to indicate that there is a problem with the bootloader caspar, which is perplexing to me.
What am I missing? Why cannot I boot directly into the grub menu, without pressing F9 and without inserting a thumb drive, when the Linux workspace exists in the fdisk viewable partition? Why can I not set the Linux partition to /?
Can anyone point me in the right direction on this issue?