I'm trying to understand the core dump generation. Is the core dump generated separately for a user space application process crash and the kernel level crash? Is the
ulimit -c for both kinds? Can you please clarify?
When a userland program crashes, it can leave a
When the kernel crashes, it normally triggers a kernel panic. If the kernel has found some critical inconsistency, it really isn't wise to count on it bahaving sanely to write out anything. So no core gets generated, and the system goes down. Contents of registers and code surrounding the address where the problem happened is written to the console. It is a good idea to save this (e.g. take a picture) for possible later analysis.
A similar situation is the kernel Oops, when the kernel detects an inconsistency that isn't considered fatal. In that case (as in a kernel panic) contents of registers and code surrounding the address where the problem happened is written to the console, and also logged.