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Been banging my head off a wall on this

bash variable LATLNG contains a latitude & longitude value in brackets like so

(53.3096,-6.28396)

I want to parse these into a variable called LAT and LON which I'm trying to do via sed like so

LAT=$(sed "s/(\(.*\),\(.*\))/\1/g" "$LATLNG")
LON=$(sed "s/(\(.*\),\(.*\))/\2/g" "$LATLNG")

However, I get the following error:

sed: can't read (53.3096,-6.28396): No such file or directory

I'm obviously doing something silly here but it's very late and I cant see what it is. I've tried several other variations without luck too.

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Learn a scripting language like Python, Ruby, maybe even PERL, so that you don't have to force the shell to do everything for you. You can even get Javascript (Rhino) to run on a UNIX system and almost everyone needs to know some Javascript. –  Michael Dillon Feb 4 '11 at 3:17
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3 Answers

up vote 13 down vote accepted

This can be solved via pure shell syntax. It does require a temp variable because of the parentheses (brackets) though:

#!/bin/bash

LATLNG="(53.3096,-6.28396)"

tmp=${LATLNG//[()]/}
LAT=${tmp%,*}
LNG=${tmp#*,}

Alternatively, you can do it in one go by playing with IFS and using the read builtin:

#!/bin/bash

LATLNG="(53.3096,-6.28396)"

IFS='( ,)' read _ LAT LNG _ <<<"$LATLNG"
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First example will work only in bash, not in POSIX shell. –  gelraen Jan 29 '11 at 22:30
    
@gelraen hence the #!/bin/bash –  SiegeX Jan 30 '11 at 4:51
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SiegeX's answer is better for this particular case, but you should also know how to pass arbitrary text to sed.

sed is expecting filenames as its second, third, etc. parameters, and if it doesn't find any filenames, it reads from its standard input. So if you have text that you want to process that's not in a file, you have to pipe it to sed. The most straightforward way is this:

echo "blah blah" | sed 's/blah/blam/g'

So your example would become:

LAT=$(echo "$LATLNG" | sed 's/(\(.*\),\(.*\))/\1/g')
LON=$(echo "$LATLNG" | sed 's/(\(.*\),\(.*\))/\2/g')

Alternate (better but more obscure) Methods

If you think there's any chance that $LATLNG could begin with a dash, or if you want to be pedantic, you should use printf instead of echo:

printf '%s' "$LATLNG" | sed 's/foo/bar/g'

Or a "here document", but that can be a little awkward with the construct you're using:

LAT=$(sed 's/foo/bar/g' <<END
$LATLNG
END
)

Or if you're using bash and not worried about portability, you can use a "here string":

sed 's/foo/bar/g' <<< "$LATLNG"
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Here's a solution that will work in any POSIX shell:

parse_coordinates () {
  IFS='(), '  # Use these characters as word separators
  set -f      # Disable globbing
  set $1      # Split $1 into separate words
  set +f      # Restore shell state
  unset IFS
  LAT=$2      # $1 is the empty word before the open parenthesis
  LON=$3
}
parse_coordinates "$LATLNG"

Here's another equally portable solution that parses the specific syntax used.

LAT=${LATLNG%\)}    # strip final parenthesis
LAT=${LAT#\(}       # strip initial parenthesis
LON=${LAT##*[, ]}   # set LON to everything after the last comma or space
LAT=${LAT%%[, ]*}   # set LAT to everything before the first comma or space
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