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I'm currently trying to compile a Linux USB UART driver, which is provided here: http://www.exar.com/connectivity/uart-and-bridging-solutions/usb-uarts/xr21v1410

The driver consists of 2 header files and one large C file. These are the contents of the Makefile:

obj-m := vizzini.o

KERNELDIR ?= /lib/modules/$(shell uname -r)/build
PWD       := $(shell pwd)


    $(MAKE) -C $(KERNELDIR) M=$(PWD)

    $(MAKE) -C $(KERNELDIR) M=$(PWD) modules_install

    rm -rf *.o *~ core .depend .*.cmd *.ko *.mod.c .tmp_versions vtty

This is the error the compiler is throwing when I run make:

[sj755@localhost xr21v141x-lnx-2.6.35-pak]$ make
make -C /lib/modules/3.4.9-2.fc16.x86_64/build M=/home/sj755/Downloads/xr21v141x-lnx-2.6.35-pak
make[1]: Entering directory `/usr/src/kernels/3.4.9-2.fc16.x86_64'
  LD      /home/sj755/Downloads/xr21v141x-lnx-2.6.35-pak/built-in.o
  CC [M]  /home/sj755/Downloads/xr21v141x-lnx-2.6.35-pak/vizzini.o
/home/sj755/Downloads/xr21v141x-lnx-2.6.35-pak/vizzini.c:1643:9: warning: initialization from incompatible pointer type [enabled by default]
/home/sj755/Downloads/xr21v141x-lnx-2.6.35-pak/vizzini.c:1643:9: warning: (near initialization for ‘vizzini_device.ioctl’) [enabled by default]
/home/sj755/Downloads/xr21v141x-lnx-2.6.35-pak/vizzini.c:1646:9: warning: initialization from incompatible pointer type [enabled by default]
/home/sj755/Downloads/xr21v141x-lnx-2.6.35-pak/vizzini.c:1646:9: warning: (near initialization for ‘vizzini_device.tiocmget’) [enabled by default]
/home/sj755/Downloads/xr21v141x-lnx-2.6.35-pak/vizzini.c:1647:9: warning: initialization from incompatible pointer type [enabled by default]
/home/sj755/Downloads/xr21v141x-lnx-2.6.35-pak/vizzini.c:1647:9: warning: (near initialization for ‘vizzini_device.tiocmset’) [enabled by default]
/home/sj755/Downloads/xr21v141x-lnx-2.6.35-pak/vizzini.c: In function ‘vizzini_init’:
/home/sj755/Downloads/xr21v141x-lnx-2.6.35-pak/vizzini.c:1663:9: error: implicit declaration of function ‘usb_serial_register’ [-Werror=implicit-function-declaration]
/home/sj755/Downloads/xr21v141x-lnx-2.6.35-pak/vizzini.c:1677:9: error: implicit declaration of function ‘usb_serial_deregister’ [-Werror=implicit-function-declaration]
/home/sj755/Downloads/xr21v141x-lnx-2.6.35-pak/vizzini.c: In function ‘__check_debug’:
/home/sj755/Downloads/xr21v141x-lnx-2.6.35-pak/vizzini.c:1698:83: warning: return from incompatible pointer type [enabled by default]
cc1: some warnings being treated as errors
make[2]: *** [/home/sj755/Downloads/xr21v141x-lnx-2.6.35-pak/vizzini.o] Error 1
make[1]: *** [_module_/home/sj755/Downloads/xr21v141x-lnx-2.6.35-pak] Error 2
make[1]: Leaving directory `/usr/src/kernels/3.4.9-2.fc16.x86_64'
make: *** [all] Error 2

These are the headers included in the main c source file:

#include <linux/kernel.h>
#include <linux/jiffies.h>
#include <linux/errno.h>
#include <linux/tty.h>
#include <linux/tty_flip.h>
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/usb.h>
#include <linux/usb/serial.h>
#include <linux/serial.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <asm/unaligned.h>
#include <asm/uaccess.h>

#include <linux/usb/cdc.h>
#ifndef USB_RT_ACM
#define ACM_CTRL_DTR            0x01
#define ACM_CTRL_RTS            0x02
#define ACM_CTRL_DCD            0x01
#define ACM_CTRL_DSR            0x02
#define ACM_CTRL_BRK            0x04
#define ACM_CTRL_RI             0x08
#define ACM_CTRL_FRAMING        0x10
#define ACM_CTRL_PARITY         0x20
#define ACM_CTRL_OVERRUN        0x40

#include "linux/version.h"

#include "vizzini.h"

Running Linux kernel 3.4.9-2.fc16.x86_64

I would greatly appreciate any help in resolving the errors.

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2 Answers 2

API inside the kernel is far from stable, so unless the driver is roughly contemporary with the kernel source it just won't work (and the warnings/error messsages you give point in that exact direction). And most out-of-tree drivers are horrible code, so take that one with a grain (or shovelfull) of salt. Look if that is suported by current kernels, either officially or in staging drivers. Check Linux-USB, there you might find some pointers.

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up vote 1 down vote accepted

In more recent versions of the linux kernel, the usb_serial_register and usb_serial_deregister functions were made static. Thus, the functions only exist as text in the kernel object files. The usb_serial_register_drivers and usb_serial_deregister_drivers can instead be used.

Here are the definitions of the two sets of functions:

int usb_serial_register(struct usb_serial_driver *driver);
void usb_serial_deregister(struct usb_serial_driver *device);
int usb_serial_register_drivers(struct usb_driver *udriver,
                                struct usb_serial_driver * const serial_drivers[]);
void usb_serial_deregister_drivers(struct usb_driver *udriver,
                                   struct usb_serial_driver * const serial_drivers[]);

usb_serial_register_drivers takes an NULL terminated array of pointers to usb-serial drivers to be registered and a usb_driver used for matching devices/interfaces. The details of the two sets of functions can be read here:



Within the source code for the driver, lines such as this:

retval = usb_serial_register(&vizzini_device);

were replaced with this:

struct usb_serial_driver *serial_drivers[2] = {&vizzini_device,NULL};
retval = usb_serial_register_drivers(&vizzini_driver,serial_drivers);

vizzini_driver and vizzini_device was defined elsewhere in the code as the following:

static struct usb_driver vizzini_driver = {
        .name          = "vizzini",
        .probe         = usb_serial_probe,
        .disconnect    = vizzini_disconnect,
        .id_table      = id_table,
        .no_dynamic_id = 1,
static struct usb_serial_driver vizzini_device = {
        .driver = {
                .owner =    THIS_MODULE,
                .name =     "vizzini",
    .usb_driver     = &vizzini_driver,
        .description        = "Vizzini USB serial port",
        .id_table           = id_table,
        .calc_num_ports     = vizzini_calc_num_ports,
        .probe              = vizzini_probe,
        .open               = vizzini_open,
        .close              = vizzini_close,
        .write              = vizzini_write,
        .write_room         = vizzini_write_room,
        .ioctl              = vizzini_ioctl,
        .set_termios        = vizzini_set_termios,
        .break_ctl          = vizzini_break_ctl,
        .tiocmget           = vizzini_tiocmget,
        .tiocmset           = vizzini_tiocmset,
        .attach             = vizzini_attach,
        .disconnect        = vizzini_serial_disconnect,
        .release           = vizzini_serial_release,
        .read_int_callback  = vizzini_int_callback,
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