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My music folder has a different icon from the other folders.
Gnome use the folder-music icon to personalize the music folder icon.

I would like to know where (in which configuration file or where in GConf, DConf) this association is made.

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up vote 3 down vote accepted

/etc/xdg/user-dirs.defaults (global) and ~/.config/user-dirs.dirs (local) contain the directions to default directories. The xdg-user-dirs-update command may also be of some use to you.

Edit: Sorry, I should have been far more specific. In gnome, the file manager Nautilus constantly monitors the XDG configuration files for changes, and is hard-coded throughout (for example; nautilus-icon-names.h) to match the specific pixmap to the specified XDG folder.

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Thanks for your answer, but my question is how Gnome makes the link between a folder and its icon. Not where is the default folder configuration. – Nicolas Jan 18 '13 at 23:26
Thanks for the edit, this is exactly the answer I was looking for. – Nicolas Jan 7 at 22:57

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