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So I just rented a dedicated server running Debian, and I know nothing about Linux.

Anyway, I want to install the JDK 7, first I connected through SSH and granted myself administrator rights by typing su -.

Then I typed apt-get install openjdk-7-jdk, however I get a message saying that the package openjdk-7-jdk cannot be found

Am I doing something wrong?

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2  
try this. run apt-get update and then run the same command again. –  harish.venkat Dec 19 '12 at 17:54
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Which version of debian is this? If it is old, there may not be an openjdk 7 compiled against it, so you won't find one -- although this seems unlikely. In any case, you should be able to use the Oracle JDK 7 for linux, just find the link then use wget via ssh. –  TAFKA 'goldilocks' Dec 19 '12 at 19:15
    
debian v6.0.0 (64BITS) –  Eildosa Dec 19 '12 at 21:36
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2 Answers

The packages available for installation as well as already installed ones can be listed with the command

apt-cache --names-only search openjdk

The first column is the package name which is to be provided as argument for apt-get install. For example:

apt-get install openjdk-7-jdk openjdk-7-doc openjdk-7-jre-lib
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Sure. But how does this answer the question? The OP has the correct package name already. –  ire_and_curses Dec 19 '12 at 17:57
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Who filled this cache with sofware to install? how can I add some to it? apparently the JDK7 is not in it. –  Eildosa Dec 19 '12 at 18:09
    
please show the output of apt-cache -n search openjdk –  harish.venkat Dec 19 '12 at 18:11
    
openjdk-6-dbg - Java runtime based on OpenJDK (debugging symbols) openjdk-6-demo - Java runtime based on OpenJDK (demos and examples) openjdk-6-doc - OpenJDK Development Kit (JDK) documentation openjdk-6-jdk - OpenJDK Development Kit (JDK) openjdk-6-jre-headless - OpenJDK Java runtime, using Hotspot JIT (headless) openjdk-6-jre-lib - OpenJDK Java runtime (architecture independent libraries) openjdk-6-jre - OpenJDK Java runtime, using Hotspot JIT openjdk-6-source - OpenJDK Development Kit (JDK) source files openjdk-6-jre-zero - Alternative JVM for OpenJDK, using Zero/Shark –  Eildosa Dec 19 '12 at 18:16
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if you want openjdk-7 use add-apt-repository ppa:openjdk/ppa and then apt-get update and then apt-get install openjdk-7-jdk openjdk-7-doc openjdk-7-jre-lib –  harish.venkat Dec 19 '12 at 18:18
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Debian squeeze apparently does not include OpenJDK 7 yet.

Availability of OpenJDK 7 in Debian: http://packages.debian.org/search?keywords=openjdk-7-jdk

As you might know, early version of Java 7 had a number of issues. Ranging from excessive memory use with AWT to security issues (ok, IIRC these also affected Java 6). So, at the time Debian squeeze was released, OpenJDK 7 was not ready to be used (not yet "stable").

So you have three options:

  • Upgrade to the next version, wheezy
  • Try to build the openjdk-7 package from wheezy on squeeze (should work, but it is not on backports yet!)
  • Manually install openjdk-7

The first option has one big big big advantage: you get automatic security updates. And if you need more up to date software than is in current stable, you may have to use the next-stable version.

With the second option, you should at least have an easy way of making Java 7 your default java. With the unmanaged installation (option 3) this is much more tricky to get working reliably.

Anyway, I would go with the first option.

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wheezy does not include openjdk-7 too. –  Majid Azimi Feb 25 '13 at 6:29
    
@MajidAzimi sure it does: packages.debian.org/wheezy/openjdk-7-jdk - you should however make sure to get version 7u3-2.1.6-1 which includes the recent security fixes. –  Anony-Mousse Feb 25 '13 at 8:10
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