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In Windows, EXE and DLL have version info, including at least the following fields:

  1. file version
  2. product version
  3. internal name
  4. product name
  5. copyright

In Linux Library / Executable:

  • Which fields are present?
  • How to view such info?
  • What tools/libraries to read?
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i have updated some more things please check now.. –  Rahul Patil Dec 19 '12 at 7:25
    
ldconfig need root? What about to check a specific libxxx.so file and don't want to execute an exe with --version (it may fail) –  linquize Dec 19 '12 at 7:28
    
no need root, since /sbin/ path is not set in normal user Environment, you can execute that useing absolute path eg. /sbin/ldconfig -p –  Rahul Patil Dec 19 '12 at 7:32

3 Answers 3

The version info in not explicitly stored in an ELF file. What you have in there is the name of the library, the soname, which includes the major version. The full version is usually stored as a part of the library file name.

If you have library, say libtest.so, then you usually have:

  • libtest.so.1.0.1 - The library file itself, containing the full version
  • libtest.so.1 - Symlink to libtest.so.1.0.1, having the same name as soname
  • libtest.so - Symlink to libtest.so.1 used for linking.

In the library file libtest.so.1.0.1, there will be an entry called SONAME in dynamic section, that will say this library is called libtest.so.1. When you link a program against this library, the linked will store the soname of the library under NEEDED entry in the dynamic section.

If you want to verify, what exactly is in which ELF file, you can try to run:

readelf -a -W elffile

where elffile can be either an library of an executable.

If you simply want to get the library version, you can play with:

readelf -d  /path/to/library.so |grep SONAME

AFAIK, there's no such info (at least not by default) in executable files.

Or you can rely on the program itself or your packaging system, as Rahul Patil wrote.

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nice info, it's new to me never used readelf, if you don't mind , may i ask you where & why use readelf –  Rahul Patil Dec 19 '12 at 7:37
    
Readelf (and similar tools) is useful, when you want to look inside an elf file :). I use it mostly when programming to look up symbols in libraries (when something doesn't work), or when there's some problem with a library. (man readelf) –  v154c1 Dec 19 '12 at 8:14

You can use ldconfig -v | grep libraryname , also command has option command -V or binaryfile --version

example :

test@ubuntukrb12:~# ls --version
ls (GNU coreutils) 8.13
Copyright (C) 2011 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
License GPLv3+: GNU GPL version 3 or later <http://gnu.org/licenses/gpl.html>.
This is free software: you are free to change and redistribute it.
There is NO WARRANTY, to the extent permitted by law.

also you can use yum or aptitude based on distro you are using eg.

in RHEL5/CENTOS5/Fedora you can use yum info packagename or if it installed then use rpm --version packagename

 [root@ldap1 ~]# yum info bind97
    Loaded plugins: downloadonly, fastestmirror, security
    Loading mirror speeds from cached hostfile
     * base: mirrors.sin3.sg.voxel.net
     * epel: mirror.imt-systems.com
     * extras: mirrors.sin3.sg.voxel.net
     * updates: mirrors.sin3.sg.voxel.net
    Installed Packages
    Name       : bind97
    Arch       : i386
    Epoch      : 32
    Version    : 9.7.0
    Release    : 10.P2.el5_8.4
    Size       : 6.3 M
    Repo       : installed
    Summary    : The Berkeley Internet Name Domain (BIND) DNS (Domain Name System) server
    URL        : http://www.isc.org/products/BIND/
    License    : ISC
    Description: BIND (Berkeley Internet Name Domain) is an implementation of the DNS
               : (Domain Name System) protocols. BIND includes a DNS server (named),
               : which resolves host names to IP addresses; a resolver library
               : (routines for applications to use when interfacing with DNS); and
               : tools for verifying that the DNS server is operating properly.

In Ubuntu You can use aptitude show pkgname or dpkg --version pkgname

root@ubuntukrb12:~# aptitude show bind9utils
Package: bind9utils
State: installed
Automatically installed: yes
Version: 1:9.8.1.dfsg.P1-4ubuntu0.4
Priority: optional
Section: net
Maintainer: Ubuntu Developers <ubuntu-devel-discuss@lists.ubuntu.com>
Architecture: amd64
Uncompressed Size: 306 k
Depends: libbind9-80, libc6 (>= 2.14), libdns81, libisc83, libisccc80, libisccfg82
Conflicts: bind9utils
Replaces: bind9 (<= 1:9.5.0~b2-1), bind9 (<= 1:9.5.0~b2-1)
Description: Utilities for BIND
 This package provides various utilities that are useful for maintaining a working BIND installation.
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For rpm, I think you'll want rpm --query pkgname to list the version string (rpm --version will print the version of rpm itself; the same might be true for dpkg) –  hoc_age Sep 16 at 14:19

For Redhat based systems do this:

ldd [file you want to run] | > needed-packages

Check out needed-packages file, make sure there are no path names in the library file names. If so remove them, so "/bin/lib/libx.so.1" change to "libx.so.1"

Find out what package contains the library

yum -y provides [lib name]

Or put this into a script or run from cmd line:

for lib in `cat libs.txt`;
do
   yum -y provides $lib | head -2 | grep " : " >> packages.list
done

Next, create the following script or run from cmd line:

for package in `cat packages.list | awk '{ print $1 }'`;
do
    yum -y install $package
done

You're done, run your program. If you get GUI errors when running. Copy them down and if they are library references, find the packages for those and install the same way.

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