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Is there a command that compares a floppy disk image (e.g. a .iso file) to the actual contents of the floppy the image was written on (e.g. /dev/fd0)?

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up vote 6 down vote accepted

A floppy device file is a file. Any command that reads files will work on it.

cmp /dev/fd0 image.fat

Pass the -l option if you want a list of all differing bytes; for human consumption, this is mostly useful in the form

cmp -l /dev/fd0 image.fat | wc -l

to know how many bytes differ. Run cmp -s /dev/fd0 image.fat if you don't want any output, just a return status of 0 if the two files are identical and 1 if they're different.

This compares the images byte by byte. If the floppy and the image contain files and you only want to compare the files and not the metadata (file dates, etc.) nor the empty space, mount the floppy and the image and compare the directory trees.

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I like my answer better just because it manages to use bash's black <(...)-magic ;o) – jippie Nov 25 '12 at 21:27

Because a floppy device is effectively seen as a file, you can also compare hashes (like SHA1 or MD5) of the floppy device (/dev/fd0) and of the disk image.

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I don't have a floppy disk any more to check, but I'd guess:

diff <( dd if=/dev/fd0 ) floppy.img

the <( dd ..... ) reads the contents of the floppy and acts as if it is a file to diff. Then diff compares it to the file.

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cmp is a drop-in replacement for diff in this particular case. Kudos to Gilles for the cmp hint. – jippie Nov 25 '12 at 21:07
<(dd if=dev/fd0) is an awfully complicated way of writing /dev/fd0. Are you sure you didn't mean to write diff <( cat /dev/fd0 | dd if=- | tee /dev/fd/3 3>&1 | tr a-z a-z | tail -n +1) floppy.img? And on top of that diff` tends not to cope with binary data well, cmp is the right tool here. – Gilles Nov 25 '12 at 21:38
@Gilles: you forgot the spaces I put in <( dd if=/dev/fd0 ). But OK, you made your point; I just wasn't sure if a plain /dev/fd0 would read from the device rather than checking the device node itself. That's why I added the black magic <( ... ). – jippie Nov 25 '12 at 21:45

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