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I am new to debian. What bothers me is that apt-get install shows just really old versions of everything. E. g. "Eclipse Galileo" but currently it's "Juno" and imho there was "Helios" and "Indigo" in between. And gcc is 4.2 but I need at least 4.6 for c++11 features.

My question ist how can I get apt-get to show me new versions of the programs?

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If you need new versions you might be better off using Debian's sid/unstable than the stable branch. –  jw013 Nov 15 '12 at 17:20
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up vote 5 down vote accepted

Debian stable is exactly that, stable. It achieves this by using well tested software, "well tested" being synonymous with "used for a long time", usually backporting security fixes instead of updating to a new version once frozen. Debian stable isn't concerned with the latest and greatest software, it's concerned with being reliable.

If you want to have newer software, you probably want to check out the testing or unstable branches (most likely, the latter). You can change to unstable by following the instructions on the Debian wiki.

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Okay but aint it possible? I dont want gnome 3. But cant live without gcc 4.6++.What if i just create some source lists from wheezy and put them in to /etc/apt/sources.list? –  ManuelSchneid3r Nov 15 '12 at 17:57
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@DevNoob Don't do that. You will seriously mess up your packages and package dependencies. You could quite easily bring your package management into an inoperable state. Best case: look for some backports. –  Chris Down Nov 15 '12 at 18:01
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@DevNoob The Gnome team is proceeding with Gnome 3 and discontinuing Gnome 2. You won't be able to stay with Gnome 2 forever, at least not if you want updates. Eventually you will be forced to either accept Gnome 3 or choose something else (like a distro that supports Mate/Cinnamon). –  jw013 Nov 15 '12 at 18:20
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@jw013 There is current discussion on the debian-devel list about adding support for Mate. –  jordanm Nov 15 '12 at 19:02
    
... or possibly backports, though the selection of backported packages is fairly minimal. –  derobert Nov 15 '12 at 19:52
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