I'm unfamiliar with Debian (obviously), so I downloaded the live ISO thinking it might help me out. From the live GUI, I doubled click on the install icon on the desktop and proceeded - it gave me a install with GNOME and a bunch of other software that has no business being on a web server. Generally, I'm a Linux noob, but I'm more familiar with Ubuntu and since this server is more for learning, Ubuntu is basically a variation of Debian and Debian is now the most popular OS for web servers, I figured I'd use it.
So the first part of my question is,can I install the base/non-GUI version from the Live disc? If so, how? If not, can someone point me to the correct download for the amd64 bit version?
A side question - is going with Debian over Ubuntu really going to yield that much of a performance increase? I'd like to warm up to Debian because there is a strong likelihood that I'll encounter it professionally, so it will be a good learning experience. If there isn't much difference between it and Ubuntu's server edition, I may just go with that because I know that distro better. Since this is a learning exercise for me, would anyone have any additional or other suggestions or considerations for me?
I basically want what would be the Debian equivalent to Ubuntu Server - a simple, bare-bones, non-GUI OS. I'd prefer to install my http server as well - I'm not yet sure if I'll be going with Apache or Nginx or handling http requests my self in node.js...