Unix & Linux Stack Exchange is a question and answer site for users of Linux, FreeBSD and other Un*x-like operating systems. Join them; it only takes a minute:

Sign up
Here's how it works:
  1. Anybody can ask a question
  2. Anybody can answer
  3. The best answers are voted up and rise to the top

I have Linux ( RH 5.3) machine

I need to add/calculate 10 days plus date so then I will get new date (expiration date))

for example

 # date 
 Sun Sep 11 07:59:16 IST 2012

So I need to get

     NEW_expration_DATE = Sun Sep 21 07:59:16 IST 2012

Please advice how to calculate the new expiration date ( with bash , ksh , or manipulate date command ?)

share|improve this question

migrated from serverfault.com Sep 25 '12 at 0:17

This question came from our site for system and network administrators.

up vote 48 down vote accepted

You can just use the -d switch and provide a date to be calculated

Sun Sep 23 08:19:56 BST 2012
NEW_expration_DATE=$(date -d "+10 days")
echo $NEW_expration_DATE
Wed Oct 3 08:12:33 BST 2012 
  -d, --date=STRING
          display time described by STRING, not ‘now’

This is quite a powerful tool as you can do things like

date -d "Sun Sep 11 07:59:16 IST 2012+10 days"
Fri Sep 21 03:29:16 BST 2012


TZ=IST date -d "Sun Sep 11 07:59:16 IST 2012+10 days"
Fri Sep 21 07:59:16 IST 2012


prog_end_date=`date '+%C%y%m%d' -d "$end_date+10 days"`

So if $end_date=20131001 then $prog_end_date=20131011

share|improve this answer

You can use "+x days" as format string:

$ date -d "+10 days"
share|improve this answer
$ date -v -1d

In order to get 1 day back date using date command:

$ date -v -1d

It will give (current date -1) means 1 day before .

$ date -v +1d

This will give (current date +1) means 1 day after.

Similarly below written code can be used in place of "d" to find out year,month etc.

share|improve this answer
This works for me on my mac, but not on our Gentoo servers. – Mike Dotterer May 6 '15 at 17:19
Much better than the accepted answer, this allows for arbitrary date formats too in a single line. – pferrel Nov 9 '15 at 16:48
this does not work on Ubuntu 15.10 or RedHat 6.6. I assume it does not work on RH5.3 either. Reason: '-v' and '-1d' are no valid switches for 'date' – syss Mar 2 at 9:22
This does appear to be a Unix/BSD syntax for date, which GNU's date (gdate on many BSDs) doesn't support. GNU's date uses the syntax in the accepted answer. Always remember: GNU's Not Unix! – Bacon Bits May 18 at 18:08
@BaconBits - but if you're rms you can claim that because a lot of GNU util code has been ported to Linux that therefore "Linux is GNU". Except, of course, for the fact that GNU Hurd (FSF's Once-And-Future-OS) is just barely a thing. I suppose what pisses rms off is that while he spent his time pontificating, Linus spent his time writing code - which turns out to be proof positive that you're much more likely to create working software if you write code than if you pontificate. :-) – Bob Jarvis Jul 6 at 18:41

Your Answer


By posting your answer, you agree to the privacy policy and terms of service.