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How to remove all empty directories in a subtree?

I create directories very often, scattered over my home directory, and I find it very hard to locate and delete them.

I want any alias/function/script to find/locate and delete all empty directories in my home directory.

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marked as duplicate by Gilles, jasonwryan, Renan, Ulrich Dangel, jw013 Aug 29 '12 at 19:00

This question has been asked before and already has an answer. If those answers do not fully address your question, please ask a new question.

This does not answer your question, but could solve the underlying problem. I often use the construct: WORK=$(mktemp -d) or cd $(mktemp -d). Of course don't put important files that you need to preserve in those directories. But most likely your system is already setup to automagically make those files disappear after a while. – emory Aug 25 '12 at 23:35
I have my machine mount a tmpfs ram drive to the /z/ directory on start-up and do all my temporary work there. – Richard Oct 21 '13 at 20:23

2 Answers 2

up vote 49 down vote accepted

The find command is the primary tool for recursive, filesystem operations. Use the -type d expression to tell find you're interested in finding directories only (and not plain files). The GNU version of find supports the -empty test, so

$ find . -type d -empty -print

will print all empty directories below your current directory. Use find ~ -… or find "$HOME" -… to base the search on your home directory (if it isn't your current directory). After you've verified that this is selecting the correct directories, use -delete to delete all matches:

$ find ~ -type d -empty -delete
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Good solution, but it should be noted that not all version of find have -empty. – jordanm Aug 25 '12 at 21:49
@Baldrick Doesn't looks from home directory if I run it form ~/Desktop. – Santosh Kumar Aug 25 '12 at 21:58
@Santosh: The command as it is, is meant to be run from your home directory (that's why I added ~$ in the beginning). If you want to run it regardless of your working directory, use "$HOME" instead of . as jordanm suggested in his answer. – Baldrick Aug 25 '12 at 22:09
@jordanm: You're quit right, I edited my answer accordingly. – Baldrick Aug 25 '12 at 22:31
@Baldrick Just a last task. I want to escape my ~/project directory. – Santosh Kumar Aug 27 '12 at 6:12

You can call rmdir on every directory, since rmdir will only delete a directory if it is empty:

find "$HOME" -type d -exec rmdir {} + 2>/dev/null

If you also want to print the directories being removed, you will need to check if they are empty:

find "$HOME" -type d -exec bash -c 'shopt -s nullglob; shopt -s dotglob; files=("$1"/*); [[ ${files[@]} ]] || rmdir -v "$1"' -- {} \; 

Here is a pure bash example (version 4 or higher):

shopt -s globstar
for dir in **/; do
   [[ ${files[@]} ]] || rmdir -v "$dir"
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And what if I only want to find/locate and not delete? – Santosh Kumar Aug 25 '12 at 21:44
@Santosh - In either of the last two examples, just change rmdir -v to echo. – jordanm Aug 25 '12 at 21:47
BusyBox find doesn't have -empty, so the -exec trick is helpful. But rather than sending errors off to /dev/null, it's better to tell rmdir to suppress them, e.g. find . -type d -depth -exec rmdir -p --ignore-fail-on-non-empty {} \; – Robert Calhoun Apr 1 at 19:19
These commands have terrible performance since they create a new process for every directory found. When using that approach, you really should at least use something like find ... | xargs -n 100 rmdir to delete them in batches. Even then, it won't work properly because it will fail to remove early directories that will later become empty because of later empty directories' removal. Thus you'd need to execute it several times. – jlh Nov 13 at 13:25
@jlh No, the first command will only execute rmdir once. That's the difference between using + and \; for terminating a command in find. – jordanm Nov 13 at 14:10

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