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I'm trying to make a zip file out of some files but when I extract the zip I only get 1 file.

tar cfvz file1.mp3 file2.mp3 file3.jpg

And after I extract I only get a "test" file.The size of the zip size is ok, I just don't know how to make this work so that on extract I get the same files:"file1.mp3 file2.mp3 file3.jpg"

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migrated from Jun 29 '12 at 1:51

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A test file, or a test folder? –  Linuxios Jun 28 '12 at 13:41
Just a test file. –  user1217380 Jun 28 '12 at 13:44
Odd. I have no clue. –  Linuxios Jun 28 '12 at 13:44
do you confuse .zip and .gz on purpose? –  akira Jun 29 '12 at 4:22

3 Answers 3

up vote 1 down vote accepted

This worked for me:

$ tar -czvf test.tar.gz ./file1 ./file2 ...

$ tar -tzf test.tar.gz

# to extract do:
$ tar -xzf test.tar.gz

After passing f option you should give the filename of the archive you are creating.

Oh, and in case you are using zip to unzip the file, you wont get a directory but you will get a tarball instead. Tarball contains all your files. Use:

tar -xf test

And you should see all your files.

If you'd like to have normal zip files, use zip command instead of tar/gz tandem. Also it is a good practice to add correct file suffix:

  • tar with gzip (i.e. tar czvf ...): filename.tar.gz
  • tar with bzip2 (i.e. tar cjvf ...): filename.tar.bz2
  • tar without compression (i.e. tar cvf ...): filename.tar
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to create a tar.gz use: tar czvf file.tar.gz /folder to extract: tar xzvf file.tar.gz . sometimes it's better to use quotes "file1 file2 file3"... –  Thomas Jun 28 '12 at 13:46
@Thomas sure you can do it without - but who cares ;) works either way. –  bcelary Jun 28 '12 at 13:48
tried it - works :) thanks! –  Thomas Jun 28 '12 at 13:49
I need the .zip file.I've created some symbolic links and I'm trying to do the same thing using "zip --symlinks" like "tar -h " but it doesn't work.Can you help? –  user1217380 Jun 28 '12 at 14:16

To extract the files you should do

tar xvfz 

and by default all files will pop out from the path relative to where you are so if contained myfile.txt dir1/myfile.txt both files would come out the zip

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Correct. Looks like OP is unzipping tarballs with something like winzip/unzip instead of tar/gz. –  bcelary Jun 28 '12 at 13:54

First, even if you have named your compressed file .zip, it is not a ZIP file but a TAR & GZIP file, so the correct file extension to use would be .tar.gz or .tgz.

Now, what is the command you used to extract the compressed file? If you used a ZIP utilities, it may have been confused by the extension and only uncompressed the file without untarring it. That would explain why the result is a single file, which is actually a TAR file. If you use an untar utility (or the command tar -xf test), you should get back all your file from within.

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you are right.The only reason I used tar is because I haven't found a way to use zip with symbolic links. –  user1217380 Jun 28 '12 at 14:22

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