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I need to restrict users so that they cannot output sound from built-in speakers. They should plug their headphones to hear any sound. They should be able to control headphone volume level, but not built-in speakers.

I need a command-line solution for automation purposes.

Is this possible (on Ubuntu 12.04)?

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Are the speakers and headphones on separate channels? – Ignacio Vazquez-Abrams Jun 1 '12 at 15:23
@IgnacioVazquez-Abrams: with current hardware: yes, this is pretty common. Not sure how it exactly works, but I think it is basically supported by multiple sound cards (which cost next to nothing nowadays when integrated in the motherboard). – jippie Jun 1 '12 at 16:47
@jippie: Except the driver can override this, switching between them as headphones are plugged in. So while the hardware may support it, the configuration may not. – Ignacio Vazquez-Abrams Jun 1 '12 at 16:49
I think that is exactly the problem with solving this question. – jippie Jun 1 '12 at 16:52
That requires some drivers i guess .. but OpenBSD seems to have the ability to detect if a Jack is plugged in – warl0ck Jun 2 '12 at 5:40

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