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I have a NAS appliance that crashed last weekend. The IT guys apparently / maybe didn't recover it in the right way? There's about 50,000 directories in a "lost+found" directory each with a numeric name like "#4289756". It looks as if all the missing files are within these directories, each with the original date and owner information (Linux). I need to organize them so they are findable to the staff.

My goal is to copy / move these files into a structure so that each employee has their own folder with their own files, and each folder is further divided by month.

The appliance itself is running a Busybox, a stripped down Linux version that only supports a subset of the typical Bash commands. I thought I could use a script with the "find" command to sort them by owner and date and then pipe that to "-exec cp" to the appropriate place, but it looks like Busybox doesn't have that ability.

Here's a suggestion someone had, but it assumes the original directories have the correct UIDs, which is not the case.

cd /lost+found ; for i in *; do USER=`ls -l $i | awk '{print $3}'`; mkdir -p /home/$USER/recovered ; cp -a $i /home/$USER/recovered/$i ; done
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migrated from serverfault.com May 25 '12 at 2:14

This question came from our site for system and network administrators.

Working with BusyBox systems is quite specific sometimes, I'm going to move this over to our Unix and Linux specialist site as I think it will get better eyeballs over there. – Mark Henderson May 25 '12 at 2:14

Each appliance has its own compilation of BusyBox with different sets of features, so I can't be sure what yours supports. If I understand correctly, you have directories like /lost+found/#123456, and every file in that directory belongs to the same user. Here's an untested script that dispatches these directories into the user's home. I assume that your user names do not contain spaces, and that users' home directories obey the /home/$username convention.

cd /lost+found
[ -d /root/recovered ] || mkdir /root/recovered
for d in *; do
  username=$(ls -l "$d" | sed -e 's/^[^ ]  *[0-9][0-9]*  */' -e 's/ .*//' -e q)
  if [ -d "/home/$username" ]; then
  [ -d "$dest" ] || mkdir "$dest"
  cp -Rp "$x" "$dest"

This is almost what you posted, except that your awk command is printing the files' owner multiple times. You can use awk '1 {print $3}' or sed as above. If you're picking up the wrong ownership, either you wrote ls -ld in the command you actually ran, or your description of the situtation (“all the missing files are within these directories, each with the original date and owner information”) is wrong. I also made the script more robust, in particular files owned by system users will be copied under /root/recovered.

If this doesn't work for you, be sure to clearly explain what's wrong. Copy-paste any error message or ls output.

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