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Can I configure tmux so it will after running tmux automatically opens two windows named src and cmd? I always type after starting it:

prefix + c, prefix + ,srcENTER

prefix + c, prefix + ,cmdENTER

I'd like to automate this.


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up vote 8 down vote accepted

In your particular case the following would do:

tmux new-session -n src -d \; new-window -n dst \; attach

A more general way would be to use the source-file command, e.g.

tmux new-session -d \; source-file FILE_WITH_TMUX_COMMANDS

Where FILE_WITH_TMUX_COMMANDS might contain:

rename-window src
rename-window dst
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Thank you. Could you please explain -d option? man page says If -d is used, -x and -y specify the size of the initial window (80 by 24 if not given). and what is the purpose of attach in the end? I haven't understood it much from man pages. – xralf May 12 '12 at 14:15
This will be already off topic, but would you please know why this ends with error when I run the command with -c vim? – xralf May 12 '12 at 14:30
-d makes tmux start in detached mode, this was the only way I found that allows you to send additional commands to the just started tmux. The attach then attaches the current terminal to the recently started tmux. – Thor May 12 '12 at 15:07
-c vim works when it is run with tmux -c vim. For the FILE_WITH_TMUX_COMMANDS solution above, this can be done with something like send-key "vim\n". – Thor May 12 '12 at 15:10

I'd similar need, But different.

I runs three sessions, each having different set of windows (programs) running on it.

If its adapted to your case, then

put $sh .tmuxer & in ~/.xinitrc; this will create everything for you, next time you attach to tmux, you will get what you want.

.tmuxer is a bash script with u+x privilage


tmux new-session -d -s default                                                                                                                     

tmux new-window -t default:1 -n 'src' '<you can give a command to run here>'                                                                                                               
tmux new-window -t default:2 -n 'cmd' 'top'                                                                                                       

tmux select-window -t default:1                                                                                                                          
tmux attach-session             

Well, this is a bit verbose, but you see how you can expand this in future to suite your evolving needs.

If you're interested, my dotFiles are hosted on github.

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Thank you for extending correct answers. – xralf May 13 '12 at 6:01

There's a supplemental tool called tmuxinator (found at https://github.com/aziz/tmuxinator ) that allows you to do this. I would suggest checking it out.

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