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I am using this command on a 5GB archive

tar -zxvf archive.tar.gz /folder/in/archive

is this the correct way to do this? It seems to be taking forever with no command line output...

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Did you use an absolute or relative path? Should be relative, other than that it looks right. How long did you let it run, and how good is your system? It will take at least several minutes on a fast machine. Potentially an hour or more? I'm running a test now. –  Kevin Mar 29 '12 at 14:20
Yes, it completed after ~1hr, but the absolute path was wrong, you were correct. –  Garrett Hall Mar 29 '12 at 14:43
On Linux, you can watch how far into the archive tar is with cat /proc/$(pidof tar)/fdinfo/0 (adapt the command if you have more than one tar process running). –  Gilles Mar 29 '12 at 22:35

1 Answer 1

up vote 22 down vote accepted

tar stores relative paths by default. GNU tar even says so if you try to store an absolute path:

tar -cf foo.tar /home/foo
tar: Removing leading `/' from member names

If you need to extract a particular folder, have a look at what's in the tar file:

tar -tvf foo.tar

And note the exact filename. In the case of my foo.tar file, I could extract /home/foo/bar by saying:

tar -xvf foo.tar home/foo/bar # Note: no leading slash

So no, the way you posted isn't (necessarily) the correct way to do it. You have to leave out the leading slash. If you want to simulate absolute paths, do cd / first and make sure you're the superuser. Also, this does the same:

tar -C / -xvf foo.tar home/foo/bar # -C is the ‘change directory’ option

There are very obvious, good reasons why tar converts paths to relative ones. One is the ability to restore an archive in places other than its original source. The other is security. You could extract an archive, expect its files to appear in your current working directory, and instead overwrite system files (or your own work) elsewhere by mistake.

Note: if you use the -P option, tar will archive absolute paths. So it always pays to check the contents of big archives before extracting.

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--strip-components=N may be useful to some here. –  A-B-B Jul 18 at 21:57

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