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I have compiled the latest GCC 4.7.0, on my Linux Mint 12, using gcc 4.6.1 (default).
Compiler compiled successfully, steps followed

  1. ./configure
  2. make
  3. make install

Binaries of gcc-4.7.0 are in /usr/local/bin/ after install step.

Now the goal is to make the new compiler the default while also keeping the old one around(no uninstall) i.e. I want to be able to do gcc a.c or g++ a.cpp directly in the terminal window.
I have been unable to find a proper series of steps that would help me accomplish this.

Also, doing /usr/local/bin/g++ hello-world.cpp generates iostream file/directory not found.

Any help is appreciated.

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Copy-paste the exact commands you ran and the exact error messages. –  Gilles Mar 25 '12 at 22:52
    
@Gilles: The exact commands : 1) ./configure 2)make 3)make install Put /usr/local/bin in PATH in .bashrc. Now I run g++ -v and I get version 4.7.0 but gcc -v gets version 4.6.1 and also following are the contents apt c++ cpp g++ gcc -- directory that contains xgcc(binary) gcc-ar gcc-nm gcc-ranlib gcov highlight i686-pc-linux-gnu-c++ i686-pc-linux-gnu-g++ i686-pc-linux-gnu-gcc-ar i686-pc-linux-gnu-gcc-nm i686-pc-linux-gnu-gcc-ranlib mint-md5sum search /usr/local/bin/g++ a.cpp , generates the error message that iostream file/directory not found, compilation aborted. –  AquaAsh Mar 26 '12 at 15:15
    
Edit your question, please, with formatting (check the preview below the edit box to see if it looks readable). In a comment, with no newlines, this is very hard to read. –  Gilles Mar 26 '12 at 16:51
    
The exact commands : 1. ./configure 2. make 3. make install 4. Put /usr/local/bin in PATH in .bashrc. 5. Now I run g++ -v and I get version 4.7.0 but gcc -v gets version 4.6.1. /usr/local/bin/ contents 1. apt 2. c++ 3. cpp 4. g++ 5. gcc -- directory xgcc(binary) 6. gcc-ar gcc-nm 7. gcc-ranlib 8. gcov 9. highlight 10. i686-pc-linux-gnu-c++ 11. i686-pc-linux-gnu-g++ 12. i686-pc-linux-gnu-gcc-ar 13. i686-pc-linux-gnu-gcc-nm 14. i686-pc-linux-gnu-gcc-ranlib 15. mint-md5sum search –  AquaAsh Mar 26 '12 at 17:55
    
Really embarrassed and sorry, I tried using <ol>,</ol>,<br> and what not but I don't seem to be getting it right. –  AquaAsh Mar 26 '12 at 18:05

1 Answer 1

AFAIK Mint is from Debian family, so likely gcc is installed in separate packages and /usr/bin/gcc is only symlink. Even if you don't package gcc-4.7 properly you can install it into designated path (e.g. /opt/gcc47) and then change symlink set (gcc, cpp, g++) to point to your installed version.

Don't install gcc-4.7 into standard paths like /usr/local/bin without reversing symlinks in /usr/bin. Some tools can drop PATH or rewrite it so result will be unpredictable.

You can add option -v to gcc command line to ask printing of commands and searching process to detect which binaries are really called and what is incorrect.

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