Yes you can, but after, fdisk and your filesystem will believe your hard disk is smaller than it is. This problem is often encountered when you manage virtual machines and you are asked to extend their hard drives.
Since you use LVM, you'll need to resize it at both LVM & FileSytem levels.
- For lvm, you'll need to
- pvresize to apply the new size
- lvextend to extend your logical volume with those new extents available
- For ext*, you have the resize2fs command. See this page for more info about other filesystems.
EDIT : In fact, it depends if you copy your whole original disk or only a logical volume. If you copy a logical volume, it's like a classical disk copy : you'll just need to extend your filesystem after that.