Take the 2-minute tour ×
Unix & Linux Stack Exchange is a question and answer site for users of Linux, FreeBSD and other Un*x-like operating systems.. It's 100% free, no registration required.

The obvious

ls -dR

does not work.

I am currently using

find /path/ -type d -ls

but the output is not what I need (plain listing of sub-folders)

Is there a way out?

share|improve this question

4 Answers 4

up vote 13 down vote accepted

Assuming you just want the name of each directory:

find /path/ -type d -print
share|improve this answer
4  
+1. BTW, the '-print' arg is optional - it's default. also if a specific listing format is required it can be fed into xargs to run ls with any desired options, e.g. find /path/ -type d -print0 | xargs -0 -r ls -ld. Note the -print0 for NULL terminated output, and the matching -0 xargs arg. –  cas Jul 23 '12 at 10:36

You can get the "tree" package, on both ArchLinux and Ubuntu it is called "tree"

So that if you're in ~/ , you can do tree and get a full directory listing (in a tree structure) for all of what's in ~/

share|improve this answer
    
I need plain text, new line separated listing of sub-directories, while tree seems to add its "tree" structure. And I can't seem to find a flag to disable it. –  Capt.Nemo Feb 25 '12 at 23:15
1  
@Capt.Nemo: For a plain listing, use: tree -dfi ... you can add --noreport to suppress the final display of the total directory count. –  Peter.O Feb 26 '12 at 1:37

The OP doesn't specify what format of output that they want (beyond "plain listing of sub-folders").

[ 15:53. root@prod-2 /var]% ls -lDR | grep ':$' | head
 .:
 ./account:
 ./cache:
 ./cache/coolkey:
 ./cache/fontconfig:
 ./cache/logwatch:
 ./cache/man:
 ./cache/man/X11R6:
 ./cache/man/X11R6/cat1:
 ./cache/man/X11R6/cat2:...

Optionally remove the trailing : with |sed -e 's/:$//' or format it with |awk '{printf("%-92s \n",$0)}' etc.

share|improve this answer

I was looking for the same thing in the past and found this:

tree.sh

#!/bin/sh
#######################################################
#  UNIX TREE                                                            
#  Version: 2.3                                       
#  File: ~/apps/tree/tree.sh                          
#                                                     
#  Displays Structure of Directory Hierarchy          
#  -------------------------------------------------  
#  This tiny script uses "ls", "grep", and "sed"      
#  in a single command to show the nesting of         
#  sub-directories.  The setup command for PATH       
#  works with the Bash shell (the Mac OS X default).  
#                                                     
#  Setup:                                             
#     $ cd ~/apps/tree                                
#     $ chmod u+x tree.sh                             
#     $ ln -s ~/apps/tree/tree.sh ~/bin/tree          
#     $ echo "PATH=~/bin:\${PATH}" >> ~/.profile      
#                                                     
#  Usage:                                             
#     $ tree [directory]                              
#                                                     
#  Examples:                                          
#     $ tree                                          
#     $ tree /etc/opt                                 
#     $ tree ..                                       
#                                                     
#  Public Domain Software -- Free to Use as You Like  
#  http://www.centerkey.com/tree  -  By Dem Pilafian  
#######################################################

echo
if [ "$1" != "" ]  #if parameter exists, use as base folder
   then cd "$1"
   fi
pwd
ls -R | grep ":$" |   \
   sed -e 's/:$//' -e 's/[^-][^\/]*\//--/g' -e 's/^/   /' -e 's/-/|/'
# 1st sed: remove colons
# 2nd sed: replace higher level folder names with dashes
# 3rd sed: indent graph three spaces
# 4th sed: replace first dash with a vertical bar
if [ `ls -F -1 | grep "/" | wc -l` = 0 ]   # check if no folders
   then echo "   -> no sub-directories"
   fi
echo
exit

I wanted one that listed files as well and I learned about sed and wrote this:

fulltree.sh

#!/bin/sh
#############################################
# Script that displays a recursive formatted folder and file listing
# @author Corbin
# @site iamcorbin.net
#Folder Seperator
BREAK='-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------'

#Optional: if a folder is passed as an argument, run fulltree on that folder rather than the current folder
if [ "$1" != "" ]
   then cd "$1"
   fi
pwd

## Recursive Directory Listing with files
 # 1- preserve directories from being removed in 2 & 3
 # 2- strip first 4 columns
 # 3- strip size and date
 # 4- prepend '  -- ' on each line
 # 5- remove '  -- ' from directories
 # 6- remove extra lines
 # 7- Insert a line break after directories
 # 8- Put a | at the beginning of all lines
 # 9- Indent and process 1st level sub dirs
 #10- Indent and process 2nd level sub dirs
ls -Rhl | sed \
    -e 's/^\.\//x x x x 00:00 |-/' \
    -e 's/^\([^\ ]*.\)\{4\}//' \
    -e 's/.*[0-9]\{2\}:[0-9]\{2\}//' \
    -e 's/^/  -- /' \
    -e 's/\ \ --\ \ |-//'  \
    -e '/--\ $/ d' \
    -e '/^[^ ]/ i\'$BREAK \
    -e 's/^/| /' \
| sed -e '/[^/]*\//,/'$BREAK'/ s/^|/\t&/' -e '/^\t/,/'$BREAK'/ s/'$BREAK'/\t&/' -e 's/[^/]*\//\t\| /' \
| sed -e '/[^/]*\//,/'$BREAK'/ s/^\t|/\t&/' -e '/^\t\t/,/'$BREAK'/  s/'$BREAK'/\t&/' -e 's/[^/]*\//\t\t\| /' \
| sed -e '/[^/]*\//,/'$BREAK'/ s/^\t\t/\t&/' -e 's/[^/]*\//\t\t\t\| /'
echo $BREAK
share|improve this answer

Your Answer

 
discard

By posting your answer, you agree to the privacy policy and terms of service.

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.